Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History

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Ruler from Ancient Rome

Figure, Ruler, Europe, Ancient Rome

Works of Art (28)

Head of Constans, ca. 337–340, Early Byzantine (Eastern Roman Empire), Marble (67.107)
Aureus of Septimius Severus, with a portrait of Julia Domna, ca. 193–96 A.D.; Severan, Roman, Gold (99.35.218)
Box with Aristotle and Phyllis, 14th century, French; Made in Paris ca. 1310-30, Ivory (17.190.173ab, 1988.16)
Bust of Emperor Severus Alexander, ca. A.D. 230–35, Roman, Marble (2011.87)
Cameo portrait of the emperor Augustus, 41–54; Julio-Claudian, Roman, Sardonyx (42.11.30)
Coins of Titus, Trajan, and Hadrian, 80–81, 105–7, 134–38 A.D.; Flavian, Trajanic, Hadrianic, Roman, Bronze and gold (99.35.177)
Constantine medal, 1402–13 (model), 16th century (cast), French (Paris), Bronze (1988.133)
Emperor Gaius Julius Caesar Germanicus, known as Caligula, 37–42; Julio-Claudian, Roman, Marble (14.37)
Fragmentary bronze portrait of the emperor Caracalla, ca. 212–217 A.D.; Mid-Imperial, Severan, Roman, Bronze (1989.281.80)
Head of Augustus, Roman Period, 27–20 B.C., Egyptian, Blue-green (glassy?) faience (26.7.1428)
Intaglio portrait of a young woman, 1st century B.C.–1st century A.D.; Augustan, Roman, Sard (74.51.4236)
Intaglio with a portrait of the empress Julia Domna, ca. 205–210; Severan, Roman, Beryl (25.78.90)
Julius Caesar and Attendants (from the Nine Heroes Tapestries), ca. 1400–1410, South Netherlandish, Wool warp and wefts (47.101.3)
Minerva Protecting the Young King of Rome, 1811, Joseph-Antoine Romagnési (French), Plaster, painted to resemble yellowish stone; green marbleized wood (frame only) (27.191.2)
Portrait head of the Emperor Augustus, ca. 14–37; Julio-Claudian, Roman, Marble (07.286.115)
Portrait head of the emperor Constantine I, ca. 324–337; Constantinian; Late Antique period, Roman, Marble (26.229)
Portrait head of the emperor Marcus Aurelius Antoninus (called Caracalla), ca. 217–230; Late Severan, Roman, Marble (40.11.1a)
Portrait of the emperor Antoninus Pius, 138–161; Antonine, Roman, Marble (33.11.3)
Relief fragment, ca. 138–161 A.D., Roman, Stucco (09.221.37)
Relief portrait of the emperor Lucius Verus, ca. 166–170; Antonine, Roman, Marble (13.227.1)
Ring with head of Herakles, late 4th–3rd century B.C.; Hellenistic, Greek, Gold (10.132.1)
Solidus of Constantius II (Sole Emperor, 350–361), 350–361, Byzantine, Gold (04.35.18)
Solidus of Justinian I (r. 527–565), 538–565, Byzantine; Minted in Constantinople, Gold (99.35.7406)
Statue of a member of the imperial family shown in heroic semi-nudity, Early Imperial, Augustan or Julio-Claudian, 27 B.C.–68 A.D., Roman, Marble, pigment, gilding (2003.407.9)
Study for the Head of Julius Caesar, ca. 1520–21, Andrea del Sarto (Italian), Red chalk (2008.367)
Sultan Süleyman the Magnificent Wearing a Jewel-Studded Helmet, ca. 1532, Venice, Woodcut on paper (42.41.1)
The Triumph of Aemilius Paulus, 1789, Carle Vernet (Antoine Charles Horace) (French), Oil on canvas (06.144)
Two portraits of Trebonianus Gallus, 251–53 A.D., Roman, Bronze (05.30, 05.47)