Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History

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Index Classification: Subject Matter/Theme

Christ

Figure, Christ

Works of Art (166)

The Adoration of the Magi, possibly ca. 1320, Giotto di Bondone (Italian, Florentine), Tempera on wood, gold ground (11.126.1)
The Adoration of the Shepherds, before 1527, L'Ortolano (Giovanni Battista Benvenuti) (Italian, Ferrarese), Oil on canvas, transferred from wood (30.95.296)
Amulet, 6th century, Byzantine, from Egypt (?), Hematite amulet carved intaglio, with gilded silver mount (17.190.491)
"Antioch Chalice," first half of 6th century, Byzantine; Made in Antioch or Kaper Koraon (?), Silver, silver-gilt (50.4)
The Baptism of Christ, Jacopo Bassano (Jacopo da Ponte) (Italian), Oil on canvas (2012.99)
Baptism of Christ, ca. 1480–1490, Pupil of Veit Stoss, Cracow, Lindenwood (12.130.1)
The Baptism of Christ, Sebastiano Ricci (Italian, Venetian), Oil on canvas (1981.186)
The Betrayal of Christ, predella panel, Bartolomeo di Tommaso (Italian, Umbrian), Tempera on wood (58.87.1)
Bible, ca. 1250–1275, French; Paris, Tempera and gold leaf on parchment; leather binding (1997.320)
Book Cover Plaque with Christ in Majesty, ca. 1185–1210, French; Made in Limoges, Gilded copper and champlevé enamel (17.190.757)
Book Cover with Byzantine Icon of the Crucifixion, Icon carved about 1000, in Constantinople; setting made before 1085, Spanish; From the Convent of Santa Cruz de la Serós, Jaca, Gilded silver on a wood backing, inset with ivory icon, sapphire, glass, and crystal (17.190.134)
Booklet with Scenes of the Passion, carving, ca. 1300; painting, ca. 1310–20, Northern France (carving) and Upper Rhine (painting), Elephant ivory, polychromy, gilding (1982.60.399)
Cameo with Christ Emmanuel, ca. 1200–1400, Byzantine, Steatite (1987.23)
Capital, with the Presentation of Christ in the Temple, From the Abbey of Saint-Guilhem-le-Désert, France, Limestone (25.120.60)
Central Plaque of a Cross, ca. 1185–1195, French; Made in Limoges, Gilded copper with champlevé enamel (17.190.409a)
Christ among the Doctors, early 15th century, Spanish (Catalan), Tempera and gold on wood (32.100.123)
Christ and the Adulteress, mid-1540s, Lucas Cranach the Elder (German), Oil on wood (1982.60.35)
Christ and the Pharisees, Anthony van Dyck (Flemish), Pen and brown ink, brush and brown wash (1980.515)
Christ Appearing to His Mother, ca. 1496, Juan de Flandes (Netherlandish), Oil on wood (22.60.58)
Christ Asleep during the Tempest, ca. 1853, Eugène Delacroix (French), Oil on canvas (29.100.131)
Christ Bearing the Cross, ca. 1489–1500, Nicolaos Tzafouris, Greek (Crete), Oil and tempera on wood, gold ground (29.158.746)
Christ Blessing the Children, mid-1540s, Lucas Cranach the Elder (German), Oil on wood (1982.60.36)
Christ Blessing, ca. 1500–1505, Gerard David (Netherlandish), Oil on wood (2009.415)
Christ Blessing, ca. 1524, Andrea Solario (Italian, Milanese), Oil on wood (22.16.12)
Christ Blessing, Surrounded by a Donor and His Family, ca. 1575–80, German (Lower Saxony) Painter, Oil on wood (17.190.13–15)
Christ Carrying the Cross, ca. 1475–80, Martin Schongauer (German), Engraving (35.27)
Christ Carrying the Cross, ca. 1580s (?), El Greco (Domenikos Theotokopoulos) (Greek), Oil on canvas (1975.1.145)
Christ Carrying the Cross, with the Crucifixion; The Resurrection, with the Pilgrims of Emmaus (triptych wings), ca. 1510, Gerard David (Netherlandish), Oil on oak panel (1975.1.119), Archangel Gabriel; The Virgin Annunciate (exterior of triptych wings), ca. 1510, Gerard David (Netherlandish), Oil on oak panel (1975.1.120)
Christ Crowned with Thorns, Antonello da Messina (Antonello di Giovanni d'Antonio) (Italian, Sicilian), Oil, perhaps over tempera, on wood (32.100.82)
Christ Crucified between the Two Thieves: The Three Crosses, Rembrandt (Rembrandt van Rijn) (Dutch), Drypoint printed on vellum; second state (41.1.31)
Christ Crucified between the Two Thieves: The Three Crosses, Rembrandt (Rembrandt van Rijn) (Dutch), Drypoint, engraving, and scraping; fourth state of five (41.1.33)
Christ Giving the Keys to Peter, ca. 1315, German; Cologne, Pot-metal glass and vitreous paint (29.55.1,2)
Christ in the Wilderness, Moretto da Brescia (Alessandro Bonvicino) (Italian, Brescian), Oil on canvas (11.53)
Christ on the Cross, with the Virgin and Saints Mary Magdalene, John the Evangelist, Monica(?), Augustine(?), Peter Martyr, Thomas Aquinas, Francis, and Elizabeth of Hungary(?), ca. 1453–54, Fra Angelico (Italian), Tempera on panel (14.40.628)
Christ on the Road to Calvary, ca. 1440, Follower of the Master of the Lorsch Calvary, German (Middle Rhineland), Alabaster (1996.581)
Christ Presented to the People, Rembrandt (Rembrandt van Rijn) (Dutch), Drypoint; eighth (final) state (41.1.36)
Christ Presented to the People, Rembrandt (Rembrandt van Rijn) (Dutch), Drypoint; second state of eight (41.1.34)
Christ Presenting the Keys to Peter and the Law to Paul, second half of 12th century, German (Westphalia), Elephant ivory (1979.399)
Christ Taking Leave of His Mother, possibly the right wing of a diptych, ca. 1500, Gerard David (Netherlandish), Oil on wood (14.40.636)
The Circumcision: From the series The Early Life of the Virgin, 1593–94, Hendrick Goltzius (Netherlandish), Engraving (17.37.36)
Coronation of the Virgin, ca. 1455, Giovanni di Paolo (Giovanni di Paolo di Grazia) (Italian, Sienese), Tempera on panel (1975.1.38)
Corpus of Christ, ca. 1250, French; Possibly made in Paris, Elephant ivory, traces of paint (1978.521.3)
The Crucified Christ, ca. 1300, Walrus ivory with traces of paint and gilding (2005.274)
Crucifix, 1180–1230, Said to be from a monastery near Treviso, northern Italy, Wood with traces of paint (47.100.54)
Crucifix, 16th century (?), Democratic Republic of Congo; Kongo peoples, Brass, wood (1999.295.8)
Crucifix, early 17th century, Democratic Republic of Congo; Kongo peoples, Brass (1999.295.4)
Crucifix, second half of 12th century, Spanish; From the convent of Santa Clara de Astudillo, Palencia, Cross: red pine, polychromy, textured gilt, and glass; Christ: white oak and polychromy (35.36a, b)
The Crucifixion with Saints Clare and Francis of Assisi, ca. 1320, Master of Monte Oliveto (Italian, active Siena) and Italian (Sienese) Painter, Tempera on wood, gold ground (41.190.31a–c)
The Crucifixion, 1340s, Pietro Lorenzetti (Italian, Sienese), Tempera on wood, gold ground, with original engaged frame (2002.436)
Crucifixion, 14th century, Master of the Codex of Saint George (Italian, Florentine), Italian; Probably made in Avignon, Tempera on wood, tooled gold ground (61.200.1,2)
The Crucifixion, ca. 1420, Fra Angelico (Italian), Tempera on panel (43.98.5)
Crucifixion, ca. 1570, Hans Speckaert (Flemish), Pen and brown and brownish black iron gall inks, brush and iron ink washes, heightened with white (1999.85)
Crucifixion, part of an altarpiece wing, ca. 1400, Master of the Berswordt Altar (German, Westphalian), Tempera and gold on wood (43.161)
Crucifixion; The Last Judgment, ca. 1430, Jan van Eyck and Workshop Assistant (Netherlandish), Oil on canvas, transferred from wood (33.92ab)
The Dead Christ with Angels, 1864, Édouard Manet (French), Oil on canvas (29.100.51)
Dead Christ with the Virgin, Saint John, and Angels, ca. 1390–1405, French (Paris), Opaque and translucent enamel on gold (17.190.913)
Descent from the Cross, ca. 1550–60, School of Jean Goujon (French), Marble (29.56)
Diptych with Crucifixion and Madonna and Child Enthroned, ca. 1315, Segna di Buonaventura (Italian, Sienese), Tempera and gold on panel (1975.1.1)
Diptych with Scenes of the Annunciation, Nativity, Crucifixion, and Resurrection, 1300–1325, German; Made in Cologne (possibly), Rhine valley, silver gilt with translucent and opaque enamels (1980.366)
Diptych with the Last Judgment and Coronation of the Virgin, ca. 1250–1270, French; Paris, Elephant ivory (1970.324.7a–b)
Dish, ca. 1520, Italian (Deruta), Tin-glazed earthenware (majolica) with on-glaze blue painting and luster (29.100.93)
Doorway from Moutiers-Saint-Jean, ca. 1250, French, Limestone with traces of polychromy (32.147)
The Dormition of the Virgin; Christ Carrying the Cross, ca. 1510, Hans Schäufelein (German); Master of Engerda (?) (German), Augsburg, Oil on wood (2011.485ab)
Entombment of Christ, ca. 1390–1405, French (Paris), Opaque and translucent enamel on gold (1982.60.398)
The Entombment, 1554, Moretto da Brescia (Alessandro Bonvicino) (Italian, Brescian), Oil on canvas (12.61)
The Entombment, ca. 1654, Rembrandt (Rembrandt van Rijn) (Dutch), Etching printed on Chinese paper; first state of four (20.46.17)
The Entombment, Rembrandt (Rembrandt van Rijn) (Dutch), Etching, drypoint, and engraving; second state of four (23.51.7)
Fifteen Mysteries and the Virgin of the Rosary, Netherlandish Painter (possibly Goswijn van der Weyden), Oil on wood (1987.290.3a–p)
The Flagellation; The Madonna of Mercy, processional banner, ca. 1540, Girolamo Romanino (Italian, Brescian), Distemper and oil(?) on canvas (1989.86)
Four Scenes from the Passion, ca. 1520, Master of the Blumenthal Passion (Netherlandish), Oil on wood (41.190.14)
The Glorification of the Eucharist, probably ca. 1630, Peter Paul Rubens (Flemish), Oil on wood (37.160.12)
Golgotha, 1945, Romare Bearden (American), Watercolor, pen and India ink, and pencil on paper (54.143.9)
The Hand of God, modeled ca. 1896, this marble executed ca. 1907, Auguste Rodin (French), Marble (08.210)
Head of Christ, ca. 1445, Petrus Christus (Netherlandish), Oil on parchment, laid down on wood (60.71.1)
Head of Christ, late 15th–early 16th century, Netherlands, North Brabant, Limestone, traces of wood (1983.406)
Head of Christ, Master of the Orcagnesque Misericordia (Italian, Florentine), Tempera on wood, gold ground (1981.365.2)
Holy Face, ca. 1485, Gerard David (Netherlandish), Tempera and gold leaf on parchment, trimmed and laid down on wood (1975.1.2486)
The Holy Family with Saints and Donors, ca. 1507, Attributed to Sebastiano del Piombo (Italian, Venetian), Oil on wood (1973.155.5)
The Holy Family, ca. 1512–13, Joos van Cleve (Netherlandish), Oil on wood (32.100.57)
Holy Virgins Greeted by Christ as They Enter the Gates of Paradise: Leaf from the Breviary of Charles the Bold and Margaret of York, ca. 1467–70, Simon Marmion (French), Tempera and gold leaf on parchment (1975.1.2477)
Icon with Christ Antiphonetes, ca. 1350 or later, Byzantine; Probably made in Greece, Steatite (1979.217)
Icon with Christ "Overseer of All" and the Chorus of Saints, ca. 1300–1500, Byzantine, Steatite (63.68.1-13)
Icon with the Deesis, mid-900s, Byzantine; Probably made in Constantinople, Ivory (17.190.133)
Icon with the Presentation of Christ in the Temple, 1400–1500, Byzantine, Wood, painted, with gold ground (31.67.8)
Initial C with the Last Judgment, ca. 1406–7, From an antiphonary created for the Camaldolese monastery of Santa Maria degli Angeli, Florence, Lorenzo Monaco (Piero di Giovanni) (Italian, Florentine), Italian (Florence), Tempera, gold, and ink on parchment (1975.1.2485)
Initial S with the Presentation of Christ in the Temple, ca. 1278, From an antiphonary created for the Cathedral of Imola, Master of Bagnacavallo, Italian (Imola), Tempera and ink on parchment (26.159.1)
Jesus Entering the Temple in a Letter D, ca. 1408–11, From a gradual created for the Camaldolese monastery of Santa Maria degli Angeli, Florence, Lorenzo Monaco (Piero di Giovanni) (Italian, Florentine), Italian (Florence), Pen and brown ink, brush and brown wash, over traces of leadpoint, on vellum (1999.391)
Lamentation Group, dated 1487, Italian (Faenza), probably made for a Franciscan church or convent near Faenza, Tin-glazed earthenware (majolica) (04.26a-h)
Lamentation, 1591, Scipione Pulzone (Il Gaetano) (Italian, Roman), Oil on canvas (1984.74)
The Lamentation, ca. 1450, Petrus Christus (Netherlandish), Oil on wood (91.26.12)
Lamentation, ca. 1510–20, Attributed to Jan de Beer (Netherlandish), Pen and black ink, over traces of black chalk (2001.189)
The Lamentation, ca. 1582, Ludovico Carracci (Italian, Bolognese), Oil on canvas (2000.68)
Lamentation, recto and verso, early 1470s, Simon Marmion (French), Oil and tempera(?) on oak panel (1975.1.128)
Last Judgment, ca. 1520–25, Joos van Cleve (Netherlandish), Oil on wood (40.174.1)
Last Judgment, from a Book of Hours, ca. 1400, French; Paris, Tempera and gold on vellum (1998.179)
Last Supper, from a set of four tapestries of the Passion, known as the Alba Passion, ca. 1520–30, Bernaert van Orley (Netherlandish); Probably designed by Pieter de Pannemaker (Netherlandish), Flemish, Wool, silk, and silver-gilt thread (1975.1.1915)
Last Supper, triptych, 1515–20, Netherlandish (Antwerp Mannerist) Painter, Oil on wood (17.190.18a–c)
Leaf from a Missal, ca. 1270–1290, French; Made in Paris, Tempera and gold leaf on parchment (1981.322)
Madonna and Child Enthroned, Master of Monte Oliveto (Italian, active Siena), Tempera on wood, gold ground (18.117.1)
Madonna and Child, 1370s, Paolo di Giovanni Fei (Italian), Tempera on wood, gold ground (41.190.13)
Madonna and Child, ca. 1480, Carlo Crivelli (Italian), Tempera and gold on wood (49.7.5)
Madonna and Child, ca. 1485, Filippino Lippi (Italian, Florentine), Tempera, oil, and gold on wood (49.7.10)
Madonna and Child, ca. 1495–1500, Francesco Francia (Italian, Bolognese), Oil on wood (1982.448)
Madonna and Child, probably before 1508, Bramantino (Bartolomeo Suardi) (Italian, Bergamo [?]) Tempera on wood (12.178.2)
Madonna and Child, probably late 1480s, Giovanni Bellini (Italian, Venetian), Oil on wood (08.183.1)
Madonna in the Clouds, ca. 1581 (no later than 1582), Federico Barocci (Italian), Etching and engraving; sheet (17.50.18.147)
Man of Sorrows and the Mater dolorosa, ca. 1480, Strassburger Werkstattgemeinschaft (Lautenbach Master), German (Swabia); From the chapter house of Constance Cathedral, Pot-metal glass and vitreous paint (1998.215a,b)
The Man of Sorrows, ca. 1420–30, Michele Giambono (Michele Giovanni Bono) (Italian, Venetian), Tempera and gold on wood (06.180)
The Man of Sorrows, mid-14th century, Central Italy, Gilt copper, champlevé enamel (1982.480)
Manuscript Leaf from a Psalter: Agony in the Garden and Betrayal of Christ, ca. 1270, English, Vellum, tempera, ink, metal leaf (22.24.4)
The Marriage Feast at Cana, ca. 1498–1500, Juan de Flandes (Netherlandish), Oil on panel (1982.60.20)
Medallion with Christ from an Icon Frame, ca. 1100, Byzantine; From the Djumati Monastery, Georgia (now Republic of Georgia); Made in Constantinople, Cloisonné enamel, gold (17.190.678)
Medallion with the Crucifixion, ca. 1100, France (Conques), Gilt copper, cloisonné and champlevé (2007.189)
Medallion with the face of Christ, ca. 1380–1400, Made in the lands of the Teutonic Knights (present-day Poland), Baltic amber with traces of paint (2011.503)
Meditationes passionis Christi; Devote meditatione sopra la passione del nostro Signore (Devout Meditations on the Passion of Our Lord): The Raising of Lazarus, opening page (folios 1v and 2r), Author: Pseudo-Bonaventura, Venice: Hieronymus de Sanctis & Cornelio, 1487, Printed book with woodcut illustrations (33.17)
The Miracle of Christ Healing the Blind, possibly ca. 1570, El Greco (Domenikos Theotokopoulos) (Greek), Oil on canvas (1978.416)
Miracle of the Loaves and Fishes, ca. 1545–50, Tintoretto (Jacopo Robusti) (Italian, Venetian), Oil on canvas (13.75)

Mystic Marriage of Saint Catherine, 1585
Agostino Carracci (Italian), after Paolo Veronese (Paolo Caliari) (Italian)
Engraving (53.600.2105)

The Nativity (The Adoration of the Christ Child), ca. 1460, Zanobi Strozzi (Italian), Tempera on panel (24.22)
The Nativity, ca. 1435–40, Zanobi Strozzi (Italian); Fra Angelico (Italian), Tempera on panel (1983.490)
The Nativity, early 1480s, Gerard David (Netherlandish), Oil on wood (32.100.40a)
Panel from an Altar Frontal: The Flagellation, mid-14th century, Italian; Made in Florence, Silk and metallic threads on linen (64.27.18)
Pectoral Cross, 1000–1050, Probably from the Abbey of Saint-Bertin at Saint-Omer, northwestern France, Walrus ivory with copper alloy gilt inlays (17.190.217)
Pendant Brooch with Cameo of Enthroned Virgin and Child, cameo 11th–12th century; Rus' mount 12th–14th century, Byzantine (Constantinople), Chalcedony cameo in gold mount with pearls, emeralds, garnets, sapphires, and sardonyx intaglio (2007.9)
Pendant Icon, 17th–18th century, Ethiopia; Amharic, Wood, tempera paint (1997.81.1)
Pendant Triptych (with Scenes of the Passion), 16th century, Mexican, Boxwood, feathers, gold, enamel (10.141.2)
Pendant, 16th century, Probably Mexico, Crystal, enamel, gold, pearls, boxwood (17.190.886)
Peter of Poitiers' Genealogy of Christ, ca. 1230, English, Ink on vellum (2002.433)
Pietà (Vesperbild), ca. 1400, Bohemian, Limestone (2001.78)
Plaque Showing the Pentecost, ca. 1150–1175, South Netherlandish, Champlevé enamel on copper gilt (65.105)
Plaque with Emmaus Scenes, ca. 850–890, French, Ivory (1970.324.1)
Plaque with God Creating the Animals, ca. 1084, South Italian; modern Amalfi (Campania), Ivory (17.190.156)
Plaque with Otto I presenting the Cathedral of Magdeburg, 962–968, Ottonian; From the Cathedral of Magdeburg, probably made in Milan, northern Italy, Ivory (41.100.157)
Plaque with the Ascension, ca. 1050, Western Germany, Ivory (1970.324.2)
Plaque with the Crucifixion and the Defeat of Hades, mid-10th century, Byzantine; Probably made in Constantinople, Ivory (17.190.44)
Plaque with the Descent from the Cross, ca. 1320–40, French; probably Paris, Elephant ivory glued to a whalebone plaque with traces of paint and gilding (17.190.199)
Plaque with the Journey to Emmaus and the Noli Me Tangere, ca. 1115–1120, Spanish; Made in León, Ivory, traces of gilding (17.190.47)
Processional Cross, ca. 1000–1050, Byzantine, Silver with gilding and gilded silver medallions (1993.163)
Processional Cross, late 11th–early 12th century, Spanish; Made in Asturias, Silver, partially gilt on wood core, carved gems, jewels (17.190.1406)
Reliquary Cross, ca. 1366–1400, Italian, the Marches, Translucent enamel, silver, gilded silver, rock crystal, glass, and iron (17.190.498)
Reliquary of the True Cross (Staurotheke), late 8th–early 9th century, Byzantine; Made in Constantinople, Cloisonné enamel, silver, silver-gilt, gold, niello (17.190.715ab)
The Rest on the Flight into Egypt, ca. 1512–15, Gerard David (Netherlandish), Oil on wood (49.7.21)
Saint Joseph and the Christ Child, second half of 17th century, Attributed to Nicolaas van der Veken (Flemish), Flemish, Boxwood (1971.68)
Salvator Mundi, Albrecht Dürer (German), Oil on wood (32.100.64)
Salvator Mundi, ca. 1622–23, Domenico Fetti (Italian), Oil on wood (2007.91)
Sarcophagus with Scenes from the Lives of Saint Peter and Christ, early 300s (with modern restoration), Roman, Marble (1991.366)
Silver covers for a gospel, 1691, Signed Astuatsatur Shahamir, Kayseri, Turkey, Gilt-silver repoussé plaques (16.99)
Situla (Bucket for Holy Water), ca. 860–880, Carolingian; From the Church of Saints Peter and Paul, Crannenburg, Germany, possibly made in Reims, northern France, Ivory with copper alloy gilt mounts and inlays (17.190.45)
Sketch for Jesus the Son of Man, ca. 1923, Khalil Gibran (Lebanese), Pencil and watercolor on paper (32.45.5)
Studies for a Scourging Soldier and the Head of Christ, Jacopo Bassano (Jacopo da Ponte) (Italian), Pastel with red chalk on laid light brown paper (formerly blue)(1999.390)
Tabernacle of Cherves, ca. 1220–1230, French; Made in Limoges, Gilded copper and champlevé enamel (17.190.735)
Temptation of Christ, ca. 1125, Hermitage of San Baudelio de Berlanga, province of Soria, Spain, Fresco transferred to canvas (61.248)
Three Studies for the Christ Child, Raphael (Raffaello Sanzio or Santi) (Italian, Marchigian), Red chalk (1997.75)
Tomb Effigy of Ermengol VII, 1320–1340, Spanish; From the Church of Santa María de Bellpuiq de las Avellanes, Catalonia, Limestone, polychromy (28.95)
The Tree of Life, first half of 17th century, English, Canvas worked with silk thread; tent, Gobelin, and couching stitches (64.101.1305)
Triptych with Scenes from the Passion, ca. 1400–1420, French; Made in Paris, Silver, partially gilt (17.190.369)
Triptych with the Crucifixion, ca. 1510, Francesco Granacci (Francesco di Andrea di Marco) (Italian), Italy; Florence, Tempera and gold on wood (2006.409)
Triptych with the Passion of Christ, ca. 1475–85, South Germany, Mother-of-pearl mounted on gilt wood frame with silk backing and tooled leather covering (2006.249)
Two Scenes of Christ and Apostles, ca. 850–900, Carolingian (northern France), Ivory with traces of polychromy (2000.486)
The Virgin and Child Seated at the Foot of a Tree, 1522, Jan Gossart (called Mabuse) (Netherlandish), Engraving (1991.1167)
Virgin and Child with Four Angels, ca. 1510–15, Gerard David (Netherlandish), Oil on wood (1977.1.1)
The Virgin and Child with Saint John the Baptist, ca. 1520–30, Northern Italian, Sardonyx; mounted in gold as a ring (38.150.4)
Virgin and Child, ca. 1444–46, Pesellino (Francesco di Stefano) (Italian, Florentine), Tempera on panel (30.95.254)
Virgin and Child, ca. 1510, Workshop of Gerard David (Netherlandish), Oil on wood (1975.1.118)
Virgin and Child, ca. 1525, Joos van Cleve (Netherlandish) and a collaborator, Oil on wood (1982.60.47)
Virgin and Child, last quarter of 15th century, Master of the Legend of Saint Ursula (Netherlandish), Oil on wood (17.190.16)

Thematic Essays (49)