Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History

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Index Classification: Material and Technique

Enamel

Enamel

Works of Art (113)

The Adams Vase, 1893–95, Paulding Farnham (American), designer; Tiffany & Company (American), manufacturer and retailer, Gold, amethysts, quartzes, spessartites, tourmalines, freshwater pearls, enamel (04.1)
Aeneas Erects a Tomb to His Nurse Caieta and Flees the Country of Circe, ca. 1530–35, Master of the Aeneid (French, Limoges), Enamel, painted and partly gilded, on copper (88.3.85)
Aladdin Vase, 1880–83, Decorator: Maria Longworth Nichols (American, 1849–1932); Manufacturer: Rookwood Pottery (1880–1967), Earthenware (1981.443)
Armorial Gemellion, third quarter of 13th century, Limoges, France, Copper, engraved and gilded, champlevé enamel (49.56.8)
Automaton in the form of a chariot pushed by a Chinese attendant and set with a clock, 1766, Signed by James Cox (English), Case: gold, with diamonds and paste jewels set in silver; pearls; dial: white enamel; movement: brass, partly gilded, and steel; the balance wheel and cock of silver set with paste jewels (1982.60.137)
Baule earring, 6th century B.C., Etruscan, Gold and enamel (1994.374)
Belt buckle, ca. 1868, California Jewelry Company, manufacturer; William Cummings, patentee, American, Gold, champlevé enamel (2000.571)
Bona Sforza, Queen of Poland, ca. 1530–40, Giovanni (Gian) Jacopo (Giacomo) Caraglio (Italian), Kraków, Sardonyx with inlaid gold and silver details; mounted as a pendant in gold with enamel, pearl, and ruby (17.190.869)
Book Cover Plaque with Christ in Majesty, ca. 1185–1210, French; Made in Limoges, Gilded copper and champlevé enamel (17.190.757)
Bowl, 1899, Louis Comfort Tiffany (American); Tiffany Glass and Decorating Company (Stourbridge Glass Company) (51.121.29)
Bowl, 1917, Adelaide Alsop Robineau (American, 1865–1929), Porcelain (23.145)
Bowl, ca. 1897, Manufacturer: Ceramic Art Company (Trenton, New Jersey, 1889–96), Porcelain, overglaze enamel decoration (1987.26)
Bowl, Qing dynasty, Daoguang mark and period (1821–50), China, Porcelain painted in overglaze polychrome enamels (79.2.536)
Brooch and bracelet for the European market, 19th century, India, Rajasthan, Partabgarh, Pierced gold foil over glass (thewa work), with beads and filigree (53.167)
Brooch and earrings, 1858–60, Edward Burr (American), Yellow gold, pearls, diamonds, enamel (2000.549a-c)
Brooch, 1868, Tiffany & Company (American), Gold, pearls, black enamel, hair (2000.556)
Brooch, 970–1030, Ottonian (probably northern Italy), Gold with pearls, glass, and cloisonné enamel (17.191.7)
Brooch, ca. 1900, Marcus & Company (American), Gold, peridot, diamonds, pearls, enamel (2001.238)
Brooch, necklace, and hair comb, ca. 1905, Florence Koehler (American), Pearls, enamel, gold (pin only: sapphire, emeralds) (52.43.1-.3)
Cameo, ca. 1835, George W. Jamison (American), cameo cutter; William Rose (American), metalworker, Helmet-conch shell, enamel, gold (2000.562)
Central Plaque of a Cross, ca. 1185–1195, French; Made in Limoges, Gilded copper with champlevé enamel (17.190.409a)
Chalice of Peter of Sassoferrato, 1341–42 with later, perhaps 15th-century, cup, Italian; Siena, from the Franciscan Church of Sassoferrato, Silver gilded and translucent enamel (1988.67)
Chariot Trappings, 200–400, Provincial Roman, perhaps Thrace, Copper alloy with champlevé enamel (2000.505a-o)
Chasse of Champagnat, ca. 1150, French; Made in Limoges, Gilded copper and champlevé enamel (17.190.685-87, 695, 710-11)
Chrismatory, ca. 1200–1220, Limoges, Copper: engraved, chased, and gilt; champlevé enamel: lapis and lavender blue, turquoise, light and dark green, red, and white (17.190.853)
Commesso, 1550–55, Reverse after design of Étienne Delaune (French), probably a 19th-century addition, Gold, enamel, jewels, and chalcedony (17.190.907)
Cross-Shaped Pendant and Four Other Motifs, 1622, Giovanni Battista Costantini (Italian), Blackwork and engraving (23.101.8)
Dead Christ with the Virgin, Saint John, and Angels, ca. 1390–1405, French (Paris), Opaque and translucent enamel on gold (17.190.913)
Design for a Pendant with an IHS Monogram, 1609, Master P.R.K. (Netherlandish), Blackwork and engraving (42.86.3[3])
Diptych with Scenes of the Annunciation, Nativity, Crucifixion, and Resurrection, 1300–1325, German; Made in Cologne (possibly), Rhine valley, silver gilt with translucent and opaque enamels (1980.366)
Dish: The Wedding Feast of Cupid and Psyche, 1558, Pierre Reymond (French), Enamel on copper (1984.195)
Dragonesque Brooch, 1st century, Provincial Roman, probably made in Britain, Bronze with champlevé enamel (1980.450)
Eagle Attacking a Fish (one of five medallions from a coffret), ca. 1110–30, Conques, France, Gilt copper and champlevé enamel (17.190.689)
Enameled gold pendant, 19th century, Iran, Fabricated from sheet and half-round wire, enameled on obverse and reverse (20.106.2)
Entombment of Christ, ca. 1390–1405, French (Paris), Opaque and translucent enamel on gold (1982.60.398)
Eucharistic Dove, ca. 1215–1235, French; Made in Limoges, Gilded copper with champlevé enamel (17.190.344)
Fireplace surround, 1878, Decorator: Winslow Homer (American, 1836–1910), Glazed earthenware, overglaze enamel decoration (2003.140)
Flask in the shape of a mango, mid-17th century,India, Rock crystal with insets of gold, enamel, rubies, and emeralds (1993.18)
Hair ornament, ca. 1904, Louis Comfort Tiffany (American), Silver, enamel, black and pink opals, demantoid garnets (2002.620)
Hanging lamp (cesendello), late 15th–early 16th century, Venice, Free-blown glass, enameled and gilded (14.83)
Head of Medusa, mid-19th century, Benedetto Pistrucci (Italian), England, Red jasper cameo, mounted in gold with white enamel by Carlo Giuliano (2003.431)
Henri d'Albret (1503–1555), King of Navarre, Plaque, mid-16th century, Léonard Limosin (French), Made in Limoges, France, Enamel, painted on copper and partly gilded (49.7.108)
Hunting sword, ca. 1825, Emanuel Pioté (Austrian); Jacob H. Köchert (Austrian), Steel, gold, enamel, agate, wood, leather (48.26)
Jewel cabinet incorporating a watch, possibly before 1766, Signed by James Cox (English), Agate, mounted in gilded copper and gilded brass and set with painted enamel plaques, and fruitwood (64.101.829)
Jewish betrothal ring, ca. 17th–19th century, Venice or Eastern Europe, Gold, enamel (17.190.996)
Julius Caesar, ca. 1541, Couly II Nouailher (French, Limoges), Enamel, painted and partly gilded, on copper (28.217.2)
Lunar-Shaped Ring Bezel and Grotesque Figures, ca. 1620–30, Noël Rouillard (French), Blackwork and engraving (42.40.1[1])
The Magnolia Vase, ca. 1893, John T. Curran (American), designer; Tiffany & Company (American), manufacturer, Silver, gold, enamel, opals (99.2)
Mangaaka Power Figure (Nkisi N'Kondi), second half of 19th century, Democratic Republic of Congo or Angola, Chiloango River Region; Kongo, Wood, metal, resin, enamel (2008.30)
Mantel clock, ca. 1780–90, French (Paris), Gilt bronze, enamel, and marble (17.190.2126)
Medallion with the Crucifixion, ca. 1100, France (Conques), Gilt copper, cloisonné and champlevé (2007.189)
Mercury in a Decorative Frame with Grotesques, ca. 1600–1630, After Adriaen Collaert (Netherlandish, ca. 1560–1618), Blackwork and engraving (23.101.4)
Mount, 100–300, Roman; Probably made in Gaul, Copper alloy with champlevé enamel (47.100.6)
Necklace, ca. 1904, Louis Comfort Tiffany (American), Opals, gold, enamel (46.168.1)
Netting Quail, 16th century, After a Design by Augustin Hirschvogel (German, 1503–1553), Colorless glass, silver stain, vitreous paint, and cold enamel (1979.185)
Number 28, 1950, 1950, Jackson Pollock (American), Enamel on canvas (2006.32.51)
Ornament Print with Schweifwerk and Two (Allegorical?) Figures, ca. 1615–20, Esaias von Hulsen (Dutch), Blackwork and engraving (2012.55)
Oval case decorated in Schweifwerk, ca. 1614–19, Jacques Hurtu (French), Blackwork and engraving (39.95.5)
Oval Print with Birds, Insects, and Fruits, ca. 1620, Claes Jansz Visscher (Dutch), copy after Hertzog von Brin (German), Blackwork (56.500.114)
Pair of candlesticks, ca. 1560–70, Master IC (French, Limoges), Enamel, painted on copper (39.66.1,2)
Pair of earrings with snap-on covers, ca. 1882–85, New York, Gold, diamond, enamel (2001.234a–d)
Pair-case automaton watch, ca. 1770–75, Signed by James Cox (English), Outer case: gold, partly enameled and set with gemstones and paste jewels; inner case: gold with casemaker's mark of Peter Mounier (English); dial: white enamel, with frame set with paste jewels; movement: brass, steel, and silver (1977.436.4)
Pendant Shaped Like a Beetle with a Couple and a Young Man Playing an Instrument, 1619, Jean I Toutin (French), Blackwork and engraving (23.84.15)
Pendant, ca. 1901, René-Jules Lalique (French), French (Paris), Gold, enamel, opal, pearl, diamonds (1991.164)
Pilgrim flask, ca. 1500–1525, Venice, Free-blown glass, enameled and gilded (1975.1.1167)
Pin, ca. 1890, Tiffany & Company (American), New York, Gold, diamond, enamel (2001.330)
Pitcher, 1868–86, Manufacturer: Greenwood Pottery Company (Trenton, New Jersey, 1861–1933), Porcelain, overglaze enamel decoration, and gilding (1989.219)
Pitcher, ca. 1853–60, Decorator: Haughwout & Daily (New York, 1852–54), Porcelain, overglaze enamel decoration, and gilding (1996.560)
Pitcher, ca. 1865, Decorator: Boston China Decorating Works (1860–ca. 1925), Porcelain, overglaze enamel decoration, and gilding (1986.110)
Plaque Showing the Pentecost, ca. 1150–1175, South Netherlandish, Champlevé enamel on copper gilt (65.105)
Plaque with Personification of the Moon, 860–90, Southern France, Copper alloy, iron, and cloisonné enamel (17.190.688)
Plaque, 1880, Decorator: Cecilia Beaux (American, 1855–1942), Porcelain (2002.214)
Plaque, ca. 1878–85, Decorator: Rosina Emmet (American, 1854–1948); Manufacturer: Josiah Wedgwood and Sons (1759–present), Earthenware(1991.25)
Plate, 1886, Decorator: Lizzie M. Fairchild (American, dates unknown), Porcelain, overglaze enamel decoration (1991.370.4)
Plate, 1908, Decorator: Marie B. Bohmann (American, dates unknown); Manufacturer: R. Delinieres and Company (1879–present), Porcelain, overglaze enamel decoration (1987.227)
Plate, Edo period, 19th century, Japan; Arita ware, Ko Kutani style, Green, yellow, black, and brown enamels (2002.447.101)
Quatrefoil Plaque with Angels, second quarter of 13th century, French (Limoges), Champlevé enamel, copper (17.190.811)
Rapier of Prince-Elector Christian II of Saxony, 1606, Hilt by Israel Schuech (Dresden); Blade by Juan Martinez (Toledo, Spain), German (Dresden), Steel, bronze-gilt with traces of enamel, paste jewels, cameos, pearls (1970.77)
Reliquary Cross, ca. 1366–1400, Italian, the Marches, Translucent enamel, silver, gilded silver, rock crystal, glass, and iron (17.190.498)
Reliquary Shrine, second quarter of 14th century, Attributed to Jean de Touyl (French), Made in Paris, Gilt-silver, translucent enamel, paint (62.96)
Ring, 10th–11th century, Germany (Ottonian), Gold with cloisonné enamel (2004.274)
Saint Catherine of Alexandria, early 15th century, French, Gold, ronde-basse enamel, jewels (17.190.905)
Six-Sided Container, 200–300, Roman; Probably made in Gaul, Copper alloy with millefiore enamel (47.100.7)
Sketch of enamel bowl, ca. 1898–99, Tiffany Glass and Decorating Company (American), New York, New York, Watercolor and graphite (2005.495)
Small Motifs of Insects and Plants, 1596, Georg Herman (German), Blackwork and engraving (42.86.4[8])
Snuffbox, ca. 1764–65, Possibly by Pierre-François-Mathis de Beaulieu (French), French; Paris, Four-color gold, enamel (17.190.1158)
Soup bowl, ca. 1885–90, Decorator: Mary Louise McLaughlin (American, 1847–1939), Porcelain, overglaze enamel decoration, and gilding (1986.307.3)
Square Design in Silhouette Style with Schweifwerk and Grotesque Figures, 1617, Esaias von Hulsen (Dutch), Made in Stuttgart, Germany, Blackwork (32.123.11)
Standing figure, Edo period, late 17th century, Japan, Porcelain with underglaze blue decoration (Hizen ware, Kakiemon type) (1975.268.528)
Sword pommel with the arms of Pierre de Dreux (ca. 1190–1250), Duke of Brittany and Earl of Richmond, ca. 1240–50, French, Copper, gold, enamel, iron (38.60)
Tabernacle of Cherves, ca. 1220–1230, French; Made in Limoges, Gilded copper and champlevé enamel (17.190.735)
Temple Pendant with Two Birds Flanking the Tree of Life, ca. 1000–1200, Kievan Rus'; Made in Kiev, found in 1842 in or near the Desiatynna (Dormition) Church, Kiev, Cloisonné enamel on gold (17.190.679)
Terret (Rein Guide), 1st century A.D., Celtic; Britain, Copper alloy, with champlevé enamel (1988.79)
Tip of a Pointer, late 11th–first half of 12th century, Byzantine (Constantinople), Cloisonné enamel, gold (1997.235)
Vase, 1879, John Bennett (American, born England, 1840–1907), Painted and glazed earthenware(1985.168)
Vase, 1880, Decorator: Mary Louise McLaughlin (American, 1847–1939), Painted and glazed earthenware (L.1987.11)
Vase, 1888, Decorator: Celia Thaxter (American, 1835–1894); Manufacturer: Boston China Decorating Works (1860–ca. 1925), Glazed and painted earthenware (1997.337)
Vase, 3rd century, Provincial Roman, Champlevé enamel, copper alloy (47.100.5)
Vase, ca. 1905, Adelaide Alsop Robineau (American, 1865–1929), Porcelain (2004.464)
Vertical Panel with a Man and Woman, ca. 1631, Hans Janssen (Dutch), Blackwork and engraving (47.108.11[2])
Watch in the form of a Lesser George,Movement by Nicholas Vallin (Flemish), Case: gold, partly enameled, and rock crystal; Dial: gold, partly enameled, with gilded-brass hand; Movement: gilded brass and steel, partly blued (17.190.1475)
Watch pin, ca. 1900, Riker Brothers (American), Yellow gold, plique-à-jour enamel, diamonds, pearl, ruby (2001.331)
Watch, ca. 1630–40, Movement by Johann Possdorffer, or Poestdorffer (Bohemian or German), Case: rock crystal and gold, partly enameled; Dial: painted enamel on gold, with a single gold hand; Movement: gilded brass and steel, partly blued (17.190.1525)
Watch, ca. 1650, Movement by Nicolas Bernard (French), Case: enameled gold; Dial: enameled gold, with a single gilded brass hand; Movement: gilded brass and steel, partly blued (17.190.1622)
Watch, ca. 1650–60, Movement by Charles Bobinet (Swiss), Case: pink agate, mounted in enameled gold; Dial: painted enamel with a single gilded-brass hand; Movement: gilded brass and steel, partly blued (17.190.1617)
Watch, ca. 1660–70, Movement by F. L. Meybom, or Maybon; case attributed to Isaac Bergeron, dit d'Argent (French), Movement: gilded brass, steel, partly blued, and silver; Case: blued steel, gilded brass, rock crystal, silver, and diamonds; Dial: painted enamel and basse-taille enamel on gold, with a single gold hand (17.190.1600)
Watch, ca. 1675–80, Movement by Johannes Van Ceulen the Elder (Dutch); case and dial probably by Josias Belle (French), Movement: gilded brass, steel, partly blued, and silver; Case and dial: enameled gold and painted enamel on gold (17.190.1417)
Watch, ca. 1680, Movement probably by Nicolas Gribelin (French), Case: painted enamel on gold; Dial: painted enamel with champlevé gold chapter ring; Movement: gilded brass, steel, partly blued, and silver (17.190.1559)
Watch, probably ca. 1670, Movement by Nikolaus II Rugendas (German), Case: gold, enameled and set with gemstones; Dial: painted enamel on gold, with a single gold hand; Movement: glided brass and steel, partly blued (17.190.1520)
Watchcase, ca. 1645, movement ca. 1750, Movement by Lambertus Vrijthoff (Dutch), French (probably Paris), Case and dial: painted enamel on gold; Movement: gilded brass and steel, partly blued (17.190.1413)
Watchcase, ca. 1686–88, Case by Jean-Pierre Huaud (Swiss); movement by Johann G. Racine (Swiss, active Berlin), Case: painted enamel on gold; Movement: gilded brass, steel, partly blued, and silver (17.190.1522)
Watchcase, ca. 1700, Case and dial by Jean-Pierre Huaud (Swiss) and Amy Huaud (Swiss); movement by Pieter Klock (Dutch), Case and dial: painted enamel on gold; Movement: gilded brass, steel, partly blued, and silver (17.190.1436)
Wineglass or sweetmeat cup (confittiera) with scenes of Virgil and Febilla, ca. 1475–1500, Venice (Murano), Barovier Glass House, Enameled and gilded glass (17.190.730a,b)