Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History

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Index Classification: Object

Christian Manuscript

Book, Manuscript, Christian

Works of Art (58)

Adoration of the Magi, ca. 1520, Attributed to Master of James IV of Scotland, Ink and tempera on vellum (48.149.15)
The Adoration of the Shepherds, ca. 1500, Francesco Marmitta (Italian), Tempera and gold leaf on parchment (1975.1.2491)
All Saints in an Initial E: Cutting from an Antiphonary, ca. 1430–40, Osservanza Master (Italian), Tempera and gold leaf on parchment (1975.1.2484)
The Annunciation from a Book of Hours, ca. 1485–90, France (Tours), Tempera and gold leaf on parchment (2004.564)
Assumption of the Virgin in an Initial A: Cutting from an Antiphonary, ca. 1470–80, Cosmè Tura (Italian, Ferrarese), Tempera and gold leaf on parchment (11.50.1)
Assumption of the Virgin in an Initial V, ca. 1340, Leaf from an antiphonary, Niccolò di ser Sozzo (Italian), Italian (Siena), Tempera, gold, and ink on parchment (96.32.12)
Belles Heures of Jean of France, Duke of Berry, 1405–1408/9, Herman, Paul, and Jean Limbourg (Franco-Netherlandish), French; Made in Paris, Ink, tempera, and gold leaf on vellum (54.1.1)

Bible, ca. 1250–1275, French; Paris, Tempera and gold leaf on parchment; leather binding (1997.320)
Bifolium, from a Manuscript of the Decretals of Gratian, ca. 1290, French; Paris, Tempera and gold leaf with brown ink on parchment (1990.217)
Book Cover Plaque with Christ in Majesty, ca. 1185–1210, French; Made in Limoges, Gilded copper and champlevé enamel (17.190.757)
Book Cover with Byzantine Icon of the Crucifixion, Icon carved about 1000, in Constantinople; setting made before 1085, Spanish; From the Convent of Santa Cruz de la Serós, Jaca, Gilded silver on a wood backing, inset with ivory icon, sapphire, glass, and crystal (17.190.134)
Book cover with Christian themes, Zand (1751–94) or Qajar (1779–1925) period, 18th century, Iran, Pasteboard, painted and lacquered (34.23)
Coptic Manuscript, 700–900, Coptic; Possibly from the Kasr Deir es Surian (Castle of the Monastery of the Syrians), Wadi an-Natrun, Egypt; Written and illustrated in Egypt, Ink and colored inks on parchment (19.196.5)
Coptic Manuscript, Coptic; Possibly from the Dayr al-Suriyan (Monastery of the Syrians), Wadi an-Natrun, Egypt; Written and illustrated in Egypt; Written in Coptic, with Arabic in the margins, in black and red, Paper (19.196.3)
Descent from the Cross: Cutting from a Missal, ca. 1475–76, Girolamo da Cremona (Italian), Tempera and gold leaf on parchment, laid down on wood (49.7.8)
Double-Sided Gospel Leaf, first half of 14th century, Ethiopia; Tigray region, Tempera on parchment (2006.100)
Four Gospels in Armenian, 1434–35, Attributed to Khach'atur of Khizan (Armenian), Armenia, Tempera and gold leaf on paper, stamped leather binding (2010.108)
Funeral Procession in an Initial R, second half of 15th century, Leaf from a gradual, Mariano del Buono (Italian, Florentine), Italian (Florence), Tempera, gold, and ink on parchment (96.32.16)
Holy Virgins Greeted by Christ as They Enter the Gates of Paradise: Leaf from the Breviary of Charles the Bold and Margaret of York, ca. 1467–70, Simon Marmion (French), Tempera and gold leaf on parchment (1975.1.2477)
The Hours of Jeanne d'Evreux, ca. 1324–28, Jean Pucelle (French, active in Paris), Made in Paris, Grisaille and tempera on vellum (54.1.2)

Incipit Page to the Gospel of John, 1300–1310, From a gospel book attributed to the illuminator Sargis; scribe unknown, Armenian; Probably from Siwnik’, Noravank’, Vellum, pigments, and gold (38.171.2)
Initial A with Saint Dominic Saving the Church of Saint John Lateran, mid-15th century, From a Dominican gradual, Italian (Lombardy, possibly Cremona), Tempera, gold, and ink on parchment (31.134.5)
Initial A with Scenes of Easter, ca. 1320, From an Augustinian antiphonary, Nerius (Italian), Italian (Bologna), Tempera, gold, and ink on parchment (12.56.1)
Initial B with King David in Prayer, ca. 1450, From a Benedictine psalter, Zanobi Strozzi (Italian), Italian (Florence), Tempera, gold, and ink on parchment (1975.1.2470)
Initial C with Saint Lawrence, ca. 1380–90, From a gradual, Don Simone Camaldolese (Italian), Italian (Florence), Tempera, gold, and ink on parchment (90.61.2)
Initial C with the Last Judgment, ca. 1406–7, From an antiphonary created for the Camaldolese monastery of Santa Maria degli Angeli, Florence, Lorenzo Monaco (Piero di Giovanni) (Italian, Florentine), Italian (Florence), Tempera, gold, and ink on parchment (1975.1.2485)
Initial E with the Martyrdom of Saint Stephen, ca. 1394–1402, From a gradual created for the Carthusian monastery of the Holy Spirit at Farneta, near Lucca, Niccolò di Giacomo da Bologna (Italian), Italian (Bologna), Tempera, gold, and ink on parchment (2007.236)
Initial G with the Birth of the Virgin, ca. 1375, From a gradual created for the Camaldolese monastery of Santa Maria degli Angeli, Florence, Don Silvestro de' Gherarducci (Italian, Florentine), Italian (Florence), Tempera, gold, and ink on parchment (21.168)
Initial M with David in Prayer, 1501–2, From a psalter created for the Olivetan monastery of Santa Maria in Organo, Verona, Girolamo dai Libri (Italian Veronese), Italian (Verona), Tempera, gold, and ink on parchment (12.56.3)
Initial P with the Martyrdom of Saint Peter Martyr, second half of 13th century, From a Dominican antiphonary, Italian (Bologna), Tempera and ink on parchment (23.21.2)
Initial R, with the Annunciation, from a Gradual, ca. 1300, German; Probably made at the convent of Sankt Katharinenthal, Lake Constance, Tempera and gold leaf on parchment (1982.175)
Initial S with the Beheading of Saint Paul, ca. 1278, From an antiphonary created for the Cathedral of Imola, Master of Bagnacavallo, Italian (Imola), Tempera and ink on parchment (26.159.2)
Initial S with the Presentation of Christ in the Temple, ca. 1278, From an antiphonary created for the Cathedral of Imola, Master of Bagnacavallo, Italian (Imola), Tempera and ink on parchment (26.159.1)
Initial V from a Bible, ca. 1175–1195, French; From the Abbey of Pontigny, Tempera on parchment (1999.364.2)
King David in an Initial I, early 15th century, Leaf from a psalter, Northern Italian, Tempera, gold, and ink on parchment (28.225.65)
Last Judgment, from a Book of Hours, ca. 1400, French; Paris, Tempera and gold on vellum (1998.179)
Leaf from a Missal, ca. 1270–1290, French; Made in Paris, Tempera and gold leaf on parchment (1981.322)
Leaf from a Missal, ca. 1290, Northeast French; Beauvais (?), Tempera and gold leaf, on parchment (1992.238)
Leaf from a Psalter: Initial D with Monks Singing, ca. 1495, Girolamo dai Libri (Italian Veronese), Italian; from the Olivetan monastery of Santa Maria in Organa, Verona, Tempera and gold leaf on parchment (12.56.4)
Leaf from a Royal Manuscript, with Scenes from the Life of Saint Francis, ca. 1320–1342, Italian; Made in Bologna, for Hungarian use, Tempera and gold leaf on parchment (1994.516)
Leaf from the Epistle to the Hebrews, 12th century (1101), Byzantine; Found in Meteora, Greece (before 1898), Tempera, gold, and ink on parchment (1991.232.15)
Leaf from the Hours of Étienne Chevalier: The Right Hand of God Protecting the Faithful against Demons, ca. 1452–60, Jean Fouquet (French), Tempera and gold leaf on parchment (1975.1.2490)
Leaves from a Beatus Manuscript, ca. 1180, Spanish (Burgos, Castile-León), Tempera, gold, and ink on parchment, metal leaf (1991.232.1–.14)
Manuscript Illumination with the Evangelist Luke, late 13th–early 14th century, Byzantine, Tempera and gold leaf on parchment (2001.633)
Manuscript Leaf from a Choir Book, second half of 15th century, Mariano del Buono (Italian, Florentine(?)), Parchment, tempera, ink, gold leaf (96.32.15)
Manuscript Leaf from a Gospel Book, 1290–1330, Armenian; Written in Armenian and painted possibly in the Lake Van region, Vaspurakan (now eastern Turkey), Ink and tempera on parchment (57.185.3)
Manuscript Leaf from a Psalter: Agony in the Garden and Betrayal of Christ, ca. 1270, English, Vellum, tempera, ink, metal leaf (22.24.4)
Manuscript of the Apocalypse, 1320s, Normandy, Paint, gold, silver, and brown ink on vellum (68.174)
Martyrdom of Saint Agatha in an Initial D: Cutting from an Antiphonary, ca. 1470–73, Sano di Pietro (Italian), Tempera and gold leaf on parchment (1975.1.2488)
The Martyrdom of Saint Bartholomew, ca. 1340, Leaf from the laudario created for Sant'Agnese, Florence, Pacino di Bonaguida (Italian), Italian (Florence), Tempera, gold, and ink on parchment (2006.250)
Martyrdom of Saint Peter Martyr in an Initial P, second half of 13th century, Leaf from a Dominican gradual, Southern Italy (probably Naples), Tempera and ink on parchment (2005.273)
Page from an Illuminated Gospel, late 14th century, Ethiopia, Highland region, Parchment (vellum), wood (accacia), tempera, ink (1998.66)
Psalter and Hours of Bonne de Luxembourg, Duchess of Normandy, before 1349, Probably Jean Le Noir, his daughter Bourgot, and his workshop, French (Paris), Tempera, grisaille, ink, and gold leaf on vellum (69.86)
Psalter, late 12th century, Byzantine, Tempera, black ink, gold leaf on parchment with paper endpapers (2001.730)
Saint John the Baptist, Master of James IV of Scotland, Ink and tempera on vellum (48.149.16)
Saint Mark the Evangelist and Saint Sinibaldus Venerated by Members of a Lay Confraternity: Leaf from a Mariegola, ca. 1425–34, Cristoforo Cortese (Italian), Tempera and gold leaf on parchment (1975.1.2468)
Two Leaves from a Book of Hours, Representing the Annunciation, 1465, Master of Charles of France, French (Bourges), Tempera and gold leaf on vellum (58.71a,b)
The Visitation in an Initial A and Cardinal Adam Easton with a Dominican Saint and Saint Dominic, ca. 1400, Leaf from an antiphonary, Italian (Venice), Tempera, gold, and ink on parchment (90.61.3)