Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History

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Index Classification: Object

Secular Architecture from Europe

Architectural Elements, Secular, Europe

Works of Art (58)

Aedicula with small landscape: From the "Black Room" of the Imperial Villa at Boscotrecase, last decade of 1st century B.C.; Augustan, Roman, Wall painting; Fresco (20.192.1)

Egyptianizing scene: From the "Black Room" of the Imperial Villa at Boscotrecase, last decade of 1st century B.C.; Augustan, Roman, Wall painting; Fresco (20.192.2)

Egyptianizing scene: From the "Black Room" of the Imperial Villa at Boscotrecase, last decade of 1st century B.C.; Augustan, Roman, Wall painting; Fresco (20.192.3)
The Antechamber of the Sala del Maggior Consiglio, ca. 1765, Francesco Guardi (Italian), Oil on canvas (1997.117.4)
Antefix in the shape of a female head, ca. 625–600 B.C., South Italian; From Matauros, Terracotta (22.139.56)
Antefix with the head of Medusa, 6th century B.C., Tarantine; Said to be from Taranto, Terracotta (26.60.73)
Architect's table, ca. 1780–95, David Roentgen (German, 1743–1807), Oak, mahogany, walnut, pine, and cherry, veneered with mahogany; gilt bronze, brass, iron, steel; partially tooled and gilded leather; Cooper-Hewitt, National Design Museum, Smithsonian Institution (Inv. no. 1952-160-1) (L.2009.19)
Black Columns in a Landscape, 1919, Paul Klee (German), Watercolor, pen, and ink on paper (1987.455.1)
Boucher aux Alentours (the Croome Court tapestry room), 1758–67, General conception by Jacques-Germain Soufflot, Wool and silk (58.75.3)
Bronze waterspout in the form of a lion mask, ca. 100 B.C.–100 A.D.; late Hellenistic or early Roman; Greco-Roman style, Greco-Roman; From Cyprus, Bronze (74.51.5677)
Cameo architectural panel, ca. 1–25 A.D.; Augustan–early Julio-Claudian, Roman, Glass (18.145.38a)
Capital with Four Heads, ca. 1230, Southern Italy, Apulia, probably Troia, Limestone (55.66)
Capital, Spanish Umayyad period (756–1031), 10th century, Spain, probably Córdoba, Marble, carved (30.95.134)
Château de Versailles seen from the forecourt, 1682, Israel Silvestre (French), Engraving (30.22[22–64])
Composite Capital, Master G. A. with the Caltrop (Italian), From the Metropolitan Museum's copy of the Speculum Romanae magnificentiae (Mirror of Rome's Magnificence), Engraving (41.72[2.24])
Corbel with Female Head, early 13th century, Spain, Castilla-León, Frías (near Burgos), Parish Church of San Vicente Martír, Stone, polychromy (23.110.56)
A Corridor in the Asylum, late May or early June 1889, Vincent van Gogh (Dutch), Black chalk and gouache on pink Ingres paper (48.190.2)
The Croome Court tapestry room, Worcestershire, 1758–67, Designed by Robert Adam (English), Plaster, pine, mahogany, bronze-gilt, marble, lapis lazuli, steel, and tapestry (58.75.1–22)
Dining room from Kirtlington Park, Oxfordshire, 1742–48, Designed by John Sanderson (English), Wood, plaster, and marble (32.53.1)
Door hinge, 1700–1750, American; Upstate New York, Wrought iron (49.117.46)
Double Capital, mid-12th century, France, Toulouse region, Languedoc (?), Marble (28.81)
Foliate Ornament, ca. 1470, Master W with the Key (Netherlandish), Engraving (29.16.1)
Fragment of a Floor Mosaic with a Personification of Ktisis, 500–550, Byzantine, Marble and glass (1998.69, 1999.99)
Fresco wall painting in a cubiculum (bedroom) from the Villa of P. Fannius Synistor at Boscoreale, ca. 40–30 B.C.; Late Republican, Roman, Plaster (03.14.13)
Galerie des Glaces at Versailles, 1684, Sébastien Le Clerc (French), Etching (53.600.2784)
Garland with mask, basket, and bucrania (ceremonial bulls' heads): From Room L of the Villa of P. Fannius Synistor at Boscoreale, ca. 50–40 B.C.; Late Republican, Roman, Wall painting; Fresco (03.14.4)
Grotesques, before 1693, Jean Berain (French), Engraving (21.36.141)
The Houses of Parliament (Effect of Fog), 1903–4, Claude Monet (French), Oil on canvas (56.135.6)
Hypnerotomachia Poliphili (Poliphilo's Dream about the Strife of Love), Author: Francesco Colonna, Venice: Aldus Manutius, 1499, Woodcut illustrations with printed text; bound volume (23.73.1)
I quattro libri dell'architettura...: La Rotonda outside Vicenza (Book 2, page 19),1581, Author: Andrea Palladio (Italian), Venice, llustrated book (41.100.128)
Interior with Figures, 1663–65, Pieter de Hooch (Dutch), Oil on canvas (1975.1.144)
Keystone from a Vaulted Ceiling, ca. 1220–1230, Crusader; From Castle Montfort/Starkenberg, Limestone (28.99.1)
Kirtlington Park, Oxfordshire: View of the Dining Room, 1876, Susan Alice Dashwood (English), Watercolor and gouache over graphite (1993.28)
L'Académie des Sciences et des Beaux-Arts, 1698, Sébastien Le Clerc (French), Etching (62.598.300)
Landscape with Perseus and Andromeda: From the "Mythological Room" of the Imperial Villa at Boscotrecase, last decade of 1st century B.C.; Augustan, Roman, Wall painting; Fresco (20.192.16)
Lion felling a bull, from a marble pediment, 525–500 B.C., Greek, Attic, Parian marble (42.11.35)
Man and woman seated side by side: From Room H of the Villa of P. Fannius Synistor at Boscoreale, ca. 40–30 B.C.; Late Republican, Roman, Wall painting (03.14.6)
Mirror, 1769, John Mayhew (English) and William Ince (English), Pine, gilt, mirror glass (58.75.131)
New York Dutch Room, Bethlehem, New York, 1751 (NYDR.2003.1)
The Octagonal Room in the Small Baths at the Villa of Hadrian (Tivoli): Study for Vedute di Roma, Dieta o sia luogo che da ingressoa diversi grandiosi Cubicoli, e ad altre magnifiche Stanze, esistente nella Villa Adriana, ca. 1777, Giovanni Battista Piranesi (Italian), Red chalk over black chalk or charcoal with partly ruled construction; sheet glued onto secondary paper support (1994.20)
Ornamental Panel, 1521, Agostino Veneziano (Agostino dei Musi) (Italian), Engraving; sheet, trimmed within platemark (49.95.41)
Panel with a Griffin, 1250–1300, Byzantine; Possibly from Greece or the Balkans, Marble (2000.81)
Patio from the Castle of Vélez Blanco, 1506–15 Spanish (41.190.482)
Pilgrim at the Gate, 1827, Karl Blechen (German), Lithograph, second state of two (2007.225)
Pillar with Capital, 800s, South Italian, Marble (18.70.21)
Polyphemus and Galatea in a Landscape, last decade of 1st century B.C.; mid-Augustan, Third Style, Roman, Fresco (20.192.17)ar
Porte de la Reine at Aigues-Mortes, 1867, Jean-Frédéric Bazille (French), Oil on canvas (1988.221)
The Round Tower: Plate 3 of Carceri, ca. 1749–60, Giovanni Battista Piranesi (Italian), Italian, Etching, engraving, sulphur tint or open bite, burnishing (37.45.3(27))
Scenes from the Story of the Argonauts, ca. 1465, Biagio d'Antonio (Italian, Florentine); Master of the Argonauts, Tempera on panel (09.136.1,2)
Seated woman playing a kithara: From Room H of the Villa of P. Fannius Synistor at Boscoreale, ca. 40–30 B.C.; Late Republican, Roman, Wall painting; Fresco (03.14.5)
Section of a pilaster with acanthus scrolls, first half of 1st century A.D.; Julio-Claudian, Roman, Marble (10.210.28)
Staircase, ca. 1677–80, Attributed to Edmund Pearce (English), From Cassiobury Park, Watford, Hertfordshire, England (destroyed 1922), Pine, ash, oak (32.152)
Standing woman holding a shield: From Room H of the Villa of P. Fannius Synistor at Boscoreale, ca. 40–30 B.C.; Late Republican, Roman, Wall painting (03.14.7)
Studiolo from the Ducal Palace in Gubbio, ca. 1479–82, Possibly designed by Francesco di Giorgio Martini (Italian, Sienese); Executed by Giuliano da Maiano (Italian), Made in Gubbio, Italy, Walnut, beech, rosewood, oak, and fruitwoods on walnut base (39.153)
Study for the Fonte Gaia, Siena, Jacopo della Quercia (Jacopo di Pietro d'Angelo, Jacopo della Fonte) (Italian), Pen and brown ink, brush and brown wash, on vellum (49.141)
Veduta dell'Anfiteatro Flavio detto il Colosseo (View of the Flavian Amphitheater known as the Colosseum): From Vedute di Roma (Views of Rome), 1776, Giovanni Battista Piranesi (Italian), Etching, first state (59.570.426)
Veue du chasteau de Versailles (View of Versailles, garden facade): From the series Veues des plus Beaux Lieux de France et d'Italie . . ., 1680s, Adam Perelle (French), Israel Silvestre (French), Nicolas Langlois, Paris, Etching (20.41.126)
Wanderer in the Storm, 1835, Carl Julius von Leypold (German), Oil on canvas (2008.7)
Wisteria Dining Room, 1910–14, Lucien Lévy-Dhurmer (French); made by Édouard-Louis Collet (Swiss), Walnut and amaranth veneer, marble; brass, copper, mirror glass (66.244.1–.2a–e,.9ab,.10ab)

Thematic Essays (38)