Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History

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Index Classification: Object

Secular Architecture

Architectural Elements, Secular

Works of Art (123)

Aedicula with small landscape: From the "Black Room" of the Imperial Villa at Boscotrecase, last decade of 1st century B.C.; Augustan, Roman, Wall painting; Fresco (20.192.1)

Egyptianizing scene: From the "Black Room" of the Imperial Villa at Boscotrecase, last decade of 1st century B.C.; Augustan, Roman, Wall painting; Fresco (20.192.2)

Egyptianizing scene: From the "Black Room" of the Imperial Villa at Boscotrecase, last decade of 1st century B.C.; Augustan, Roman, Wall painting; Fresco (20.192.3)
America Today: City Building, 1930–31, Thomas Hart Benton (American), Egg tempera with oil glazing over Permalba on a gesso ground on linen mounted to wood panel with a honeycomb interior (2012.478i)
The Antechamber of the Sala del Maggior Consiglio, ca. 1765, Francesco Guardi (Italian), Oil on canvas (1997.117.4)
Antefix in the shape of a female head, ca. 625–600 B.C., South Italian; From Matauros, Terracotta (22.139.56)
Antefix with the head of Medusa, 6th century B.C., Tarantine; Said to be from Taranto, Terracotta (26.60.73)
Architect's table, ca. 1780–95, David Roentgen (German, 1743–1807), Oak, mahogany, walnut, pine, and cherry, veneered with mahogany; gilt bronze, brass, iron, steel; partially tooled and gilded leather; Cooper-Hewitt, National Design Museum, Smithsonian Institution (Inv. no. 1952-160-1) (L.2009.19)
Architectural Ornament, late 19th–early 20th century, Toba Batak people, Sumatra, Indonesia, Wood, paint (1988.143.68)
Architectural tile fragment, 6th century B.C., Lydian; Excavated at Sardis, Terracotta with red and black painted decoration (26.164.1)
Ballcourt Marker, 3rd–7th century, Mexico; Teotihuacan, Stone (1980.418)
Black Columns in a Landscape, 1919, Paul Klee (German), Watercolor, pen, and ink on paper (1987.455.1)
Boucher aux Alentours (the Croome Court tapestry room), 1758–67, General conception by Jacques-Germain Soufflot, Wool and silk (58.75.3)
Bronze waterspout in the form of a lion mask, ca. 100 B.C.–100 A.D.; late Hellenistic or early Roman; Greco-Roman style, Greco-Roman; From Cyprus, Bronze (74.51.5677)
Calligraphic roundel inscribed Ya'aziz (Oh Mighty!), late 16th–early 17th century, India, Deccan, Hyderabad, Sandstone, carved, traces of pigment (1985.240.1)
Cameo architectural panel, ca. 1–25 A.D.; Augustan–early Julio-Claudian, Roman, Glass (18.145.38a)
Capital with Four Heads, ca. 1230, Southern Italy, Apulia, probably Troia, Limestone (55.66)
Capital, Abbasid period (750–1258), late 8th century, Syria, probably Raqqa, Alabaster, gypsum, carved (36.68.1)
Capital, Spanish Umayyad period (756–1031), 10th century, Spain, probably Córdoba, Marble, carved (30.95.134)
Carved door panel, Timurid period (1370–1507), late 15th century, Present-day Uzbekistan, Samarqand, Cypress, carved, traces of paint (23.67.7)
Caryatid Veranda Post, 20th century, Olowe of Ise (Yoruba), Yoruba peoples; Nigeria, Wood, pigment (1996.558)
Ceiling tile with geometric and floral designs, 6th century B.C., Anatolia, Phrygia, Gordion, Ceramic, paint (L.1994.96.5)
Central watchtower, architectural model, Eastern Han dynasty, 1st–early 3rd century, China, Earthenware with green lead glaze (1984.397ab)
Château de Versailles seen from the forecourt, 1682, Israel Silvestre (French), Engraving (30.22[22–64])
Column surround with pensive woman, Eastern Javanese period, 14th–15th century, Indonesia (Java), Majapahit kingdom, Terracotta (1992.151)
Composite Capital, Master G. A. with the Caltrop (Italian), From the Metropolitan Museum's copy of the Speculum Romanae magnificentiae (Mirror of Rome's Magnificence), Engraving (41.72[2.24])
Cone mosaic, 3300–3100 B.C.; Late Uruk period, Excavated at the "Columned Hall," Uruk, Mesopotamia, Clay, mud plaster (L.1995.48.2)
Corbel with Female Head, early 13th century, Spain, Castilla-León, Frías (near Burgos), Parish Church of San Vicente Martír, Stone, polychromy (23.110.56)
A Corridor in the Asylum, late May or early June 1889, Vincent van Gogh (Dutch), Black chalk and gouache on pink Ingres paper (48.190.2)
The Croome Court tapestry room, Worcestershire, 1758–67, Designed by Robert Adam (English), Plaster, pine, mahogany, bronze-gilt, marble, lapis lazuli, steel, and tapestry (58.75.1–22)
Delmonico Building, 1926, Charles Sheeler (American), Lithograph (68.728)
Dining room from Kirtlington Park, Oxfordshire, 1742–48, Designed by John Sanderson (English), Wood, plaster, and marble (32.53.1)
Door hinge, 1700–1750, American; Upstate New York, Wrought iron (49.117.46)
Door lintel with lion-griffins and vase with lotus leaf, 2nd–3rd century; Parthian period, Hatra, northern Mesopotamia, Limestone (32.145a, b)
Doorboard (Jovo or Tale), late 19th–early 20th century, Kanak peoples, northern Grande Terre Island, New Caledonia, Wood, paint (1979.206.1758)
Double Capital, mid-12th century, France, Toulouse region, Languedoc (?), Marble (28.81)
[Doylestown House—The Stove], 1917, Charles Sheeler (American), Gelatin silver print (33.43.259)
Ericstan for John J. Herrick, Tarrytown, New York (rear elevation), 1855–59, Alexander J. Davis (American), Watercolor, ink, and graphite on paper (24.66.10)
The Flatiron, 1904, Edward J. Steichen (American, born Luxembourg), Gum bichromate over platinum print (33.43.43)
Foliate Ornament, ca. 1470, Master W with the Key (Netherlandish), Engraving (29.16.1)
Fountain, early 17th century, Deccan, India, Cast and incised bronze (1997.150)
Fragment of a cornice panel, 10th century, Found at Iran, Nishapur, Tepe Madrasa, Stucco; molded, applied, and carved (40.170.441)
Fragment of a Floor Mosaic with a Personification of Ktisis, 500–550, Byzantine, Marble and glass (1998.69, 1999.99)
Fresco wall painting in a cubiculum (bedroom) from the Villa of P. Fannius Synistor at Boscoreale, ca. 40–30 B.C.; Late Republican, Roman, Plaster (03.14.13)
Gable Figure (Dilukái), 19th–early 20th century, Belauan people, Belau (Palau), Caroline Islands, Wood, paint (1978.412.1558a–d)
Gable Ornament (P'naret), mid-20th century, Big Nambas people, Malakula Island, Vanuatu, Fern wood (1979.206.1584)
Galerie des Glaces at Versailles, 1684, Sébastien Le Clerc (French), Etching (53.600.2784)
Garland with mask, basket, and bucrania (ceremonial bulls' heads): From Room L of the Villa of P. Fannius Synistor at Boscoreale, ca. 50–40 B.C.; Late Republican, Roman, Wall painting; Fresco (03.14.4)
Golden Gate, 1955, Charles Sheeler (American), Oil on canvas (55.99)
Grotesques, before 1693, Jean Berain (French), Engraving (21.36.141)
House Post (Tomok), 19th–early 20th century, Yami people, Botel Tobago (Lan Yü) Island, Taiwan, Wood, paint (1995.65.2)
House Post Figure (Amo), ca. 1800, Maori people, Te Arawa region, Aotearoa (New Zealand), Wood (1979.206.1508)
House Post Figure, 19th century, Kambot (Tin Dama) people, Keram River, Lower Sepik region, Papua New Guinea, Wood, paint, fiber (1978.412.823)
Housepost, late 19th–early 20th century, Auguena village, Santa Ana Island, Solomon Islands, Wood (1986.486)
The Houses of Parliament (Effect of Fog), 1903–4, Claude Monet (French), Oil on canvas (56.135.6)
Human-headed winged lion (lamassu), 883–859 B.C.; Neo-Assyrian period, reign of Ashurnasirpal II, Excavated at Nimrud (ancient Kalhu), northern Mesopotamia, Alabaster (gypsum) (32.143.2)
Hypnerotomachia Poliphili (Poliphilo's Dream about the Strife of Love), Author: Francesco Colonna, Venice: Aldus Manutius, 1499, Woodcut illustrations with printed text; bound volume (23.73.1)
I quattro libri dell'architettura...: La Rotonda outside Vicenza (Book 2, page 19),1581, Author: Andrea Palladio (Italian), Venice, llustrated book (41.100.128)
Industrial Series, #1, 1928, Charles Sheeler (American), Lithograph (66.593)
Inrô with design of thatched hut, 18th–19th century, Japanese, Lacquer (29.100.841)
Interior with Figures, 1663–65, Pieter de Hooch (Dutch), Oil on canvas (1975.1.144)
Keystone from a Vaulted Ceiling, ca. 1220–1230, Crusader; From Castle Montfort/Starkenberg, Limestone (28.99.1)
Kirtlington Park, Oxfordshire: View of the Dining Room, 1876, Susan Alice Dashwood (English), Watercolor and gouache over graphite (1993.28)
L'Académie des Sciences et des Beaux-Arts, 1698, Sébastien Le Clerc (French), Etching (62.598.300)
Landscape with Perseus and Andromeda: From the "Mythological Room" of the Imperial Villa at Boscotrecase, last decade of 1st century B.C.; Augustan, Roman, Wall painting; Fresco (20.192.16)
Landscape with Tower, ca. 1838, Thomas Cole (American), Graphite on off-white wove paper (26.216.20)
Lion felling a bull, from a marble pediment, 525–500 B.C., Greek, Attic, Parian marble (42.11.35)
Living room from the Little House, Wayzata, Minnesota, 1912–14, Frank Lloyd Wright (American) (1972.60.1)
Loggia from Laurelton Hall, Oyster Bay, New York, ca. 1905, Louis Comfort Tiffany (American), Limestone, ceramic, glass (1978.10.1)
Man and woman seated side by side: From Room H of the Villa of P. Fannius Synistor at Boscoreale, ca. 40–30 B.C.; Late Republican, Roman, Wall painting (03.14.6)
Mantel, ca. 1825–30, Italy, Marble (1999.126)
Mirror, 1769, John Mayhew (English) and William Ince (English), Pine, gilt, mirror glass (58.75.131)
New York Dutch Room, Bethlehem, New York, 1751 (NYDR.2003.1)
The Night Patrol at Smyrna, Alexandre-Gabriel Decamps (French), Oil on canvas (87.15.93)
The Octagonal Room in the Small Baths at the Villa of Hadrian (Tivoli): Study for Vedute di Roma, Dieta o sia luogo che da ingressoa diversi grandiosi Cubicoli, e ad altre magnifiche Stanze, esistente nella Villa Adriana, ca. 1777, Giovanni Battista Piranesi (Italian), Red chalk over black chalk or charcoal with partly ruled construction; sheet glued onto secondary paper support (1994.20)
The Open Door, 1932, Charles Sheeler (American), Conté crayon on paper, mounted on cardboard (1992.24.7)
Ornamental Panel, 1521, Agostino Veneziano (Agostino dei Musi) (Italian), Engraving; sheet, trimmed within platemark (49.95.41)
Painted dado panel, 9th century, Found at Iran, Nishapur, Tepe Madrasa, Room W20, Stucco; painted (40.170.176)
Pair of doors, 9th century; Abbasid, Iraq, Carved wood (31.119.1,.2)
Panel with a Griffin, 1250–1300, Byzantine; Possibly from Greece or the Balkans, Marble (2000.81)
Panel with horse heads, Fatimid period, 11th century, Egypt, Wood (teak), carved (11.205.2)
Panel, 14th century; Marinid, Morocco, Carved and polychromed wood (1985.241)
Panel, probably 13th century, Egypt or Syria, Carved wood with traces of pigments and gilt (30.112.3)
Panel: striding lion, 604–562 B.C.; Neo-Babylonian period, reign of Nebuchadnezzar II, Excavated at Wall of Processional Way, Babylon, Mesopotamia, Glazed brick (31.13.2)
Parlor from the James Duncan Jr. House, Haverill, Massachusetts, ca. 1805, American, White pine and plaster (12.121)
Parlor from the William C. Williams House, 1810–11, Richmond, Virginia, Mahogany and marble (68.137)
The Parthenon, 1871, Frederic Edwin Church (American), Oil on canvas (15.30.67)
Patio from the Castle of Vélez Blanco, 1506–15 Spanish (41.190.482)
Pilgrim at the Gate, 1827, Karl Blechen (German), Lithograph, second state of two (2007.225)
Pillar with Capital, 800s, South Italian, Marble (18.70.21)
Polyphemus and Galatea in a Landscape, last decade of 1st century B.C.; mid-Augustan, Third Style, Roman, Fresco (20.192.17)ar
Porte de la Reine at Aigues-Mortes, 1867, Jean-Frédéric Bazille (French), Oil on canvas (1988.221)
Reception Room (Qa'a), Ottoman period, 1119 A.H. / 1707 A.D., Damascus, Syria, Poplar wood with gesso relief, gold and tin leaf, glazes and paint; cypress, poplar, walnut, black mulberry, mother-of pearl, marble and other stones, stucco with glass, plaster, ceramic tiles, iron, brass (1970.170)
Relief of Apries, Late Period, Dynasty 26, reign of Apries, ca. 589–570 B.C., Egyptian, Limestone (09.183.1a)
Relief: king and eunuch attendant, 883–859 B.C.; Neo-Assyrian period, reign of Ashurnasirpal II, Excavated at Nimrud (ancient Kalhu), northern Mesopotamia, Alabaster (gypsum) (32.143.4)
Relief: two servants bearing food and drink, 358–338 B.C.; Achaemenid period, reign of Artaxerxes III, Excavated at Persepolis, southwestern Iran, Limestone (34.158)
Room and staircase from the John Wentworth House, 1695–1700, Portsmouth, New Hampshire (26.290)
The Round Tower: Plate 3 of Carceri, ca. 1749–60, Giovanni Battista Piranesi (Italian), Italian, Etching, engraving, sulphur tint or open bite, burnishing (37.45.3(27))
Sabz Pushan Room, 10th century
Scenes from the Story of the Argonauts, ca. 1465, Biagio d'Antonio (Italian, Florentine); Master of the Argonauts, Tempera on panel (09.136.1,2)
Seated woman playing a kithara: From Room H of the Villa of P. Fannius Synistor at Boscoreale, ca. 40–30 B.C.; Late Republican, Roman, Wall painting; Fresco (03.14.5)
Section of a pilaster with acanthus scrolls, first half of 1st century A.D.; Julio-Claudian, Roman, Marble (10.210.28)
Shoin Room, 17th century, Japan
Slab, Umayyad period (661–750), first half of 8th century, Jordan, Ink on limestone (66.81)
Spout in the shape of a man's head, 1st–2nd century A.D.; Parthian period, Iran, Glazed ceramic (56.56)
Stained-glass window, ca. 1656, Evert Duyckinck (American), New York City, Painted leaded glass (52.77.46)
Staircase, ca. 1677–80, Attributed to Edmund Pearce (English), From Cassiobury Park, Watford, Hertfordshire, England (destroyed 1922), Pine, ash, oak (32.152)
Standing woman holding a shield: From Room H of the Villa of P. Fannius Synistor at Boscoreale, ca. 40–30 B.C.; Late Republican, Roman, Wall painting (03.14.7)
Studiolo from the Ducal Palace in Gubbio, ca. 1479–82, Possibly designed by Francesco di Giorgio Martini (Italian, Sienese); Executed by Giuliano da Maiano (Italian), Made in Gubbio, Italy, Walnut, beech, rosewood, oak, and fruitwoods on walnut base (39.153)
Study for the Fonte Gaia, Siena, Jacopo della Quercia (Jacopo di Pietro d'Angelo, Jacopo della Fonte) (Italian), Pen and brown ink, brush and brown wash, on vellum (49.141)
Tent door hanging (ensi), first half of 19th century, Central Asia, present-day Afghanistan or Turkmenistan, Wool (warp, weft, and pile), cotton (pile), asymmetrically knotted pile (22.100.42)
Tile from a squinch, Timurid period (1370–1507), second half of 14th century, Uzbekistan, Samarqand, Stonepaste, carved and glazed (20.120.189)
Tile with an image of a prince on horseback, Qajar period (1779–1925), second half of the 19th century, Iran, Stonepaste; molded, polychrome painted under transparent glaze (83.1.67)
Tile, Ottoman period (ca. 1299–1923), early 15th century, Turkey, Bursa, Tempered earthenware, molded, polychrome glazed within black wax resist outlines (cuerda seca technique), gilded (1998.246)
Tympanum, late 14th–early 15th century; Golden Horde, Daghestan region, Caucasus (probably Kubachi), Carved stone with traces of paint (38.96)
Vanderbilt Mantelpiece, ca. 1881–83, Augustus Saint-Gaudens (American), Marble, mosaic, oak, and cast iron (25.234)
Veduta dell'Anfiteatro Flavio detto il Colosseo (View of the Flavian Amphitheater known as the Colosseum): From Vedute di Roma (Views of Rome), 1776, Giovanni Battista Piranesi (Italian), Etching, first state (59.570.426)
Veue du chasteau de Versailles (View of Versailles, garden facade): From the series Veues des plus Beaux Lieux de France et d'Italie . . ., 1680s, Adam Perelle (French), Israel Silvestre (French), Nicolas Langlois, Paris, Etching (20.41.126)
Votive panels, Kushan dynasty, ca. 3rd century A.D., Bactria (northern Afghanistan), Terracotta and gouache (2000.42.2,4)
Wall panel, first quarter of 17th century; Safavid, Probably from a garden pavilion in Isfahan, Iran Composite body, 28 square tiles, painted and glazed in cuerda seca technique over white slip, set on plaster (03.9a-c)
Wanderer in the Storm, 1835, Carl Julius von Leypold (German), Oil on canvas (2008.7)
Window from J. G. Cross House, Minneapolis, Minnesota, 1911, George Grant Elmslie (American); Purcell, Feick and Elmslie (American, Minneapolis, Minnesota (and later Chicago, Illinois), Leaded glass (1972.20.2)
Window, 17th century, Egypt or Syria, Stained glass (93.26.3,4)
Wisteria Dining Room, 1910–14, Lucien Lévy-Dhurmer (French); made by Édouard-Louis Collet (Swiss), Walnut and amaranth veneer, marble; brass, copper, mirror glass (66.244.1–.2a–e,.9ab,.10ab)
Writing board with an architectural drawing, New Kingdom, Dynasty 18, ca. 1550–1295 B.C., Egyptian; From western Thebes, Plastered and painted wood (14.108)