Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History

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Archaeology from Asia

Archaeology, Asia

Works of Art (129)

Administrative tablet with cylinder seal impression of a male figure, hunting dogs, and boars, 3100–2900 B.C.; Jemdet Nasr period (Uruk III script), Mesopotamia, Clay (1988.433.1)
Administrative tablet, 3100–2900 B.C.; Jemdet Nasr period (Uruk III script), Southern Mesopotamia, Clay (1988.433.3)
Architectural tile fragment, 6th century B.C., Lydian; Excavated at Sardis, Terracotta with red and black painted decoration (26.164.1)
Aryballos, ca. 570 B.C.; black-figure, Greek, Attic, Signed by Nearchos as potter, Terracotta (26.49)
Askos in the form of a deer, ca. 1725–1600 B.C.; Middle Cypriot III; White Painted V Ware, Cypriot; Said to be from Idalion (Potamia), Terracotta (74.51.795)
Basin (pen), Majiayao culture, Majiayao phase, ca. 3200–2700 B.C., Gansu Province, China, Earthenware with painted decoration (L.1996.55.6)
Bell inscribed with the Urartian royal name Argishti, 786–756 B.C., Eastern Anatolia or Northwestern Iran, Urartian, Bronze, iron (1977.186)
Bell, Eastern Zhou dynasty, late Spring and Autumn period, early 5th century B.C., China, Bronze (1988.20.7)
Belt fragment of animals, 7th century B.C., Northwestern Iran, possibly Gushi, Bronze (52.123)
Belt or harness ornament with an eagle and its prey, 1st century B.C.–1st century A.D.; Parthian period, Iran, Gold inlaid with turquoise (17.190.2055)
Bird handles from a bowl or basin, Iron Age II, 9th century B.C., Northwestern Iran; Excavated at Hasanlu, Bronze (61.100.3a,b)
Bird Pendant, 1st century B.C.–1st century A.D., Costa Rica; Guanacaste-Nicoya, Jadeite (1993.302)
Bottle, Late Jomon period (ca. 1500–1000 B.C.), Japan, Earthenware with incised designs (1975.268.184)
Bowl with handles terminating in lotuses, ca. 850–750 B.C.; Cypro-Geometric III, Cypriot; Said to be from Kourion, Bronze (74.51.5673)
Bowl with radiating petal design, 8th–6th century B.C., Phrygian or Lydian; Anatolia, Silver (66.116)
Bowl, 7th–6th millennium B.C., Halaf period, Syria, Tell Halaf, Ceramic (1983.407)
Bowl, ca. 2500–1600 B.C.; Early or Middle Bronze Age, Cypriot, Red Polished Ware, Terracotta (74.51.1329)
Bowl, ca. 725–675 B.C.; Archaic, Cypriot; Said to be from Kourion, Gilt silver (74.51.4554)
Box with Sleeping Eros, 300s, Roman or Byzantine; Said to have been found in Tartus, Syria, Silver (47.100.33)
Bronze rod tripod, ca. 1250–1050 B.C.; Late Bronze Age, Cypriot; Said to be from Kourion, Bronze (74.51.5684)
Buffalo, late Shang dynasty, 13th–11th century B.C., China, Jade (nephrite) (1976.297.2)
Bust of a female figurine, Final Jomon period (ca. 1000–300 B.C.), Japan, Earthenware with incised and cord-marked designs (1975.268.191)
Ceiling tile with geometric and floral designs, 6th century B.C., Anatolia, Phrygia, Gordion, Ceramic, paint (L.1994.96.5)
Chlorite vase with overlapping pattern and three bands of palm trees, ca. 2700–2350 B.C., Gulf region or southern Iran, Chlorite (17.190.106)
Cone mosaic, 3300–3100 B.C.; Late Uruk period, Excavated at the "Columned Hall," Uruk, Mesopotamia, Clay, mud plaster (L.1995.48.2)
Conical bowl, 2nd–1st century B.C., Hellenistic; Said to be from Syria, Cast glass (81.10.243)
Covered jar (hu), Western Han dynasty, 2nd–1st century B.C., Probably from Luoyang area, China, Earthenware with painted decoration (1992.165.20ab)
Cuneiform tablet with a bilingual hymn, 4th–1st century B.C., Seleucid, Clay (86.11.286a)
Cylinder seal and modern impression: hunting scene, 2250–2150 B.C.; late Akkadian period, Mesopotamia, Chert (41.160.192)
Cylinder seal with a battle of the gods, ca. 2220–2159 B.C.; Akkadian, Mesopotamia, Kish, Lapis lazuli (L.1992.23.4)
Cylinder seal with contest scene, 2350–2150 B.C., Mesopotamia, Albite (1999.325.4)
Cylinder seal with kneeling nude heroes, ca. 2220–2159 B.C.; Akkadian, Mesopotamia, Red jasper (L.1992.23.5)
Cylinder seal with schematic workers, 3300–2900 B.C.; Late Uruk–Jemdet Nasr period, Southern Mesopotamia, Rock crystal (1985.143)
Cylindrical stand or crown, early 4th millennium B.C.; Chalcolithic period, Levant, Nahal Mishmar, Copper alloy (L.1994.74.9)
Deep bowl with sculptural rim, late Middle Jomon period, ca. 1500 B.C., Japan, Earthenware (1992.252.1)
Dish, 6th–5th millennium B.C.; Ubaid period, Excavated at Ubaid Cemetery, Grave 136, Eridu, Mesopotamia, Ceramic (49.133.2)
Earring in the form of a three-lobed wineskin, 2nd century B.C.–2nd century A.D.; Parthian period, Mesopotamia, Gold (1995.366)
Ewer with dancing females within arcades, 6th century; Sasanian style, Iran, Silver, mercury gilding (67.10a,b)
Faceted Bowl, 5th–7th century; Sasanian, Iran (?), Glass, blown and wheel-cut (59.34)
Fibula, 8th–7th century B.C., Central Anatolia, Phrygia, Bronze (1970.231.1)
Figure of a reclining woman, 2nd century B.C.–2nd century A.D.; Parthian period, Mesopotamia, Alabaster (gypsum) (86.16.3)
Fluted bowl, Achaemenid, reign of Darius I or II, 522–486 B.C. or 432–405 B.C., Iran, Gold (54.3.1)
Foundation peg in the shape of the forepart of a lion, 2200–2000 B.C., Probably Tell Mozan (ancient Urkish), northeastern Syria, Bronze (48.180)
Four strands of beads, 2500–2400 B.C.; Early Dynastic IIIa period, Excavated at the "Great Death Pit," Ur, Mesopotamia, Gold, lapis lazuli (33.35.48)
Glass alabastron, late 8th–6th century B.C.; Archaic, Probably Phoenician; From Cyprus, Glass (74.51.312)
Gold stater, ca. 560–546 B.C., Lydian; From Sardis, Gold (26.59.2)
Handle-shaped ornament, Western Zhou dynasty, 10th–9th century B.C., China, Jade (nephrite) (1985.214.96)
Handles and rim of a cauldron, ca. 1300–1050; Late Bronze Age, Cypriot, Bronze (74.51.5685)
Head of a king, probably Shapur II, 4th century; Sasanian period, Iran, Gilded silver (65.126)
Head of a ram, 3300–3100 B.C.; Late Uruk period, Mesopotamia, Ceramic, paint (1981.53)
Head of a ruler, ca. 2300–2000 B.C., Iran or Mesopotamia, Arsenical copper (47.100.80)
Headdress with leaf-shaped ornaments, 2600–2500 B.C.; Early Dynastic period IIIa; Sumerian style, Excavated at "King's Grave," Ur, Mesopotamia, Gold, lapis lazuli, carnelian (33.35.3)
Hippopotamus tusk with circular perforations, early 4th millennium B.C.; Chalcolithic period, Levant, Nahal Mishmar, Ivory (hippopotamus) (L.1994.74.14)
Horned Figure Vessel, 2nd century B.C.–2nd century A.D., Mexico; Colima, Ceramic (1979.206.478)
Horse blinker with sphinx, 8th–7th century B.C.; Neo-Assyrian, Mesopotamia, Nimrud (ancient Kalhu), Ivory (54.117.1)
Human Figure, 2nd century B.C.–1st century A.D., Old Bering Sea peoples; Alaska, Ivory (walrus) (1979.206.695)
Human-headed winged lion (lamassu), 883–859 B.C.; Neo-Assyrian period, reign of Ashurnasirpal II, Excavated at Nimrud (ancient Kalhu), northern Mesopotamia, Alabaster (gypsum) (32.143.2)
Ionic capital, torus (foliated base), and parts of a fluted column shaft from the Temple of Artemis at Sardis, 4th century B.C., Greek, Lydian, Marble (26.59.1)
Jar, Majiayao culture, Machang phase, ca. 2300–2050 B.C., Gansu or Qinghai Province, China, Earthenware with painted decoration (1992.165.8)
Kneeling bull holding a spouted vessel, 3100–2900 B.C.; Proto-Elamite period, Southwestern Iran, Silver (66.173)
Krater, ca. 750–700 B.C.; Geometric, Attributed to the Hirschfeld Workshop, Greek, Attic, Terracotta (14.130.14)
Lion head plaque, Iron Age II, 9th century B.C., Iran; Excavated at Hasanlu, Ivory (65.163.22)
Lion head terminal, Iron Age II, 9th century B.C., Northwestern Iran; Excavated at Hasanlu, Bronze (63.109.1)
Lunate earrings, 2500–2400 B.C.; Early Dynastic IIIa period, Excavated at the "Great Death Pit," Ur, Mesopotamia, Gold (33.35.45,.46)
Lydion (perfume jar), 6th century B.C., Greek, Lydian, Terracotta (26.164.27)
Necklace choker, 2500–2400 B.C.; Early Dynastic IIIa period, Excavated at the "Great Death Pit," Ur, Mesopotamia, Gold, lapis lazuli (33.35.47)
Needles, hooks, and harpoon, Final Jomon period (ca. 1000–300 B.C.), Japan, Bone (1975.268.327, 337, 341, 343, 345)
Nubian with oryx, monkey, and leopard skins, 8th–7th century B.C.; Neo-Assyrian period; Phoenician style, Excavated at Fort Shalmaneser, Nimrud (ancient Kalhu), Mesopotamia, Ivory (60.145.11)
Open bowl, 1st century A.D., Nabataean; Jordan, Ceramic (1977.234.12)
Openwork stamp seals, late 3rd–early 2nd millennium B.C., Central Asia (Bactria-Margiana), Copper alloy (1984.4)
Pair of belt buckles, Xianbei culture, ca. 1st century A.D., North China, Silver plate and gilt (24.174.6,7)
Pair of covered ritual wine containers (hu), late Western Zhou dynasty, late 9th–early 8th century B.C., China, Bronze (1988.20.4a,b-5a,b)
Part of a throne with deity on a bull, late 8th–7th century B.C.; Urartian style, Probably Toprakkale, eastern Anatolia, Bronze (50.163)
Pendant in the form of a knotted dragon, Eastern Zhou dynasty, Warring States period (ca. 475–221 B.C.), China, Jade (Nephrite) (1985.214.99)
Pin with recumbent lion, Iron Age II, 9th century B.C., Northwestern Iran; Excavated at Hasanlu, Bronze (61.100.10)
Plaque with the goddess Durga and attendants, Shunga period, 1st century B.C., Chandraketugarh, West Bengal, India, Terracotta (1990.281)
Plate with a hunting scene from the tale of Bahram Gur and Azadeh, 5th century; Sasanian period, Iran, Silver, mercury gilding (1994.402)
Plate with king hunting rams, late 5th–early 6th century; Sasanian period, Iran, Silver, mercury gilding, niello inlay (34.33)
Plate, 6th–5th millennium B.C.; Ubaid period, Excavated at Ubaid Cemetery, Grave 142, Eridu, Mesopotamia, Ceramic (49.133.4)
Qin, Ming dynasty (1368–1644), 1634, China, Wood, lacquer, jade, silk strings (1999.93)
Recumbent mouflon, Mature Harappan period, ca. 2600–1900 B.C., Indus Valley, Marble (1978.58)
Relief: king and eunuch attendant, 883–859 B.C.; Neo-Assyrian period, reign of Ashurnasirpal II, Excavated at Nimrud (ancient Kalhu), northern Mesopotamia, Alabaster (gypsum) (32.143.4)
Relief: two servants bearing food and drink, 358–338 B.C.; Achaemenid period, reign of Artaxerxes III, Excavated at Persepolis, southwestern Iran, Limestone (34.158)
Rhyton terminating in the forepart of a wild cat, 1st century B.C.–1st century A.D.; Parthian period, Iran, Gilded silver (1979.447)
Ritual food container (dui), Eastern Zhou dynasty, ca. 4th century B.C., China, Bronze inlaid with composition of bone black and lacquer (2006.117a,b)
Ritual object (bi), Neolithic period, Liangzhu culture, ca. 2700–2500 B.C., Jiangsu or Zhejiang Province, China, Nephrite (1986.112)
Sarcophagus, ca. 475–460 B.C.; Classical, Cypriot; Said to be from the necropolis at Golgoi, Limestone (74.51.2451)
Sarcophagus, second quarter of 5th century B.C.; Archaic, Cypriot, Limestone (74.51.2453)
A Satyr Family: From the series Scherzi di Fantasia, ca. 1743–57, Giovanni Battista Tiepolo (Italian, Venetian), Etching (1976.537[19])
Seated female, 7th–6th millennium B.C., Halaf period, Mesopotamia or Syria, Ceramic, paint (1985.84)
Seated statue of Gudea, 2150–2100 B.C.; Neo-Sumerian period, Probably Tello (ancient Girsu), southern Mesopotamia, Diorite (59.2)
Shaft-hole axhead with a bird-headed demon, boar, and dragon, late 3rd–early 2nd millennium B.C., Central Asia (Bactria-Margiana), Silver, gold foil (1982.5)
Shallow bowl, 6th–5th millennium B.C.; Ubaid period, Excavated at Ubaid Cemetery, Grave 134, Eridu, Mesopotamia, Ceramic (49.133.3)
Shepherd's crook, ca. 2000–1900 B.C.; Early Cypriot III, Cypriot; Said to be from Kourion, Copper-based metal (74.51.5570)
Situla with design of ships, Dongson culture, 100 B.C.–100 A.D., Vietnam, Bronze (2000.284.60)
Skyphos (drinking cup), 6th century B.C., Greek, Lydian, Terracotta (16.75.14)
Small figurine, Final Jomon period (ca. 1000–300 B.C.), Japan, Earthenware (1978.346)
Spearhead, 12th century B.C.; Late Bronze Age, Cypriot, Copper-based metal (74.51.5283)
Spearhead, Late Jomon period (ca. 1500–1000 B.C.), Japan, Stone (1975.268.200)
Spouted jar and stand, 9th century B.C.; Iron Age II, Excavated at Hasanlu cemetery, northwestern Iran, Ceramic (60.20.15)
Spouted ritual wine vessel (guang), Shang dynasty, early Anyang period, 13th century B.C., Possibly Anyang, Henan Province, China, Bronze (43.25.4)
Spouted Vessel, 1st century B.C.–1st century A.D., Mexico or Guatemala; Maya, Indurated limestone (1999.484.3)
Stamp seal amulet of a seated woman, 3300–2900 B.C.; Late Uruk/Jemdet Nasr period, Iran or Mesopotamia, Rhodochrosite (1988.380.1)
Stamp seal and a modern impression: unicorn or bull and inscription,, Mature Harappan period, ca. 2600–1900 B.C., Indus Valley, Burnt steatite (49.40.1)
Stamp seal with animal and bird, 6th–5th millennium B.C.; Ubaid period, Syria or Anatolia, Steatite or chlorite (1984.175.13)
Stamp seal with quadruped, 4500–3600 B.C.; Ubaid–Middle Gawra period, Syro/Cilicia or Anatolia, Chlorite (1984.175.15)
Stamp seal with quadrupeds, 4500–3600 B.C.; Ubaid–Middle Gawra period, Mesopotamia, Chlorite (93.17.122)
Stamp seal, 6th millennium B.C.; Halaf period, Syro/Cilicia, Steatite or chlorite (1986.311.1)
Standard with two long-horned bulls, 2400–2000 B.C.; Early Bronze Age III, North central Anatolia, Arsenical copper (55.137.5)
Standard, early 4th millennium B.C.; Chalcolithic period, Levant, Nahal Mishmar, Copper alloy (L.1994.74.6)
Standing female figure with clasped hands, Early Dynastic IIIA, ca. 2600–2500 B.C., Mesopotamia, Nippur, Inanna temple, Level VIIB, Limestone, shell, and lapis lazuli (62.70.2)
Standing male figure, Bronze and Iron Age, 300 B.C.–200 A.D., Indonesia, eastern Java, Earthenware (2000.284.42)
Standing male worshipper, 2750–2600 B.C.; Early Dynastic period II; Sumerian style, Excavated at Tell Asmar (ancient Eshnunna), central Mesopotamia, Alabaster (gypsum), shell, black limestone (40.156)
Statue of a woman, 1st century B.C., Cypriot; said to be from the ruins of Golgoi, Limestone (74.51.2456)
Stone seated female figure, late 3rd–early 2nd millennium B.C., Central Asia (Bactria-Margiana), Chlorite or steatite, and limestone (1989.281.41a,b)
Storage jar, Middle Jomon period (ca. 2500–1500 B.C.), Japan, Earthenware, unglazed (1975.268.182)
Storage jar, Yayoi period (ca. 4th century B.C.–3rd century A.D.), Japan, Earthenware (1975.268.378)
Striding horned demon, ca. 3000 B.C., Mesopotamia or Iran, Arsenical copper (2007.280)
Tetradrachm of Seleucus I, 300–280 B.C.; Seleucid, Iran, excavated at Pasargadae, Silver (1974.105.9)
Tripod, ca. 1450–1050; Late Cypriot II or III, Cypriot, Bronze (74.51.5587)
Vessel (zun), late Shang dynasty, 13th–11th century B.C., Probably from Anyang, Henan Province, China, Earthenware with incised and relief decoration (50.61.5)
Vessel fragment with bird in profile, 7th–6th millennium B.C.; Halaf period, Excavated at Tell Brak, Eye Temple fill, Syria, Ceramic, paint (1988.323.7)
Vessel fragment with frieze of a bull, 3300–2900 B.C.; Late Uruk/Jemdet Nasr period, Mesopotamia, Steatite, chlorite (50.218)
Vessel fragment with geometric design, 7th–6th century B.C., Anatolia, Phrygia, Gordion, Ceramic, paint (L.1994.96.6)
Vessel fragment with rosette, 7th–6th millennium B.C.; Halaf period, Excavated at Tell Brak, FS 1314, Syria, Ceramic, paint (1988.323.6)
Vessel terminating in the forepart of a lion, Achaemenid, 5th century B.C., Iran, Gold (54.3.3)
Viewing Plum Blossoms by Moonlight, Southern Song dynasty (1127–1279), Ma Yuan (Chinese), Fan mounted as an album leaf; ink and color on silk (1986.493.2)
Water Deity (Chalchihuitlicue), 15th–early 16th century, Mexico; Aztec, Stone (00.5.72)
Wine container (hu), Eastern Zhou dynasty, Spring and Autumn period, early 5th century B.C., China, Bronze inlaid with copper (1999.46ab)