Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History

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Hoofed Animal

Animal, Hoofed

Works of Art (99)

Apis bull, Late Period, Dynasty 26–30, ca. 664–332 B.C., Egyptian, Ivory (modern base) (17.190.62)
Aquamanile in the Form of a Ram, late 13th–early 14th century, England (probably Scarborough), Glazed earthenware (2007.142)
Arms of the Porcelet Family, late 13th–early 14th century,French, Limestone (25.120.127)
Askos in the form of a deer, ca. 1725–1600 B.C.; Middle Cypriot III; White Painted V Ware, Cypriot; Said to be from Idalion (Potamia), Terracotta (74.51.795)
Barrel oinochoe, 8th–early 7th century B.C.; Italo-Geometric, Italian peninsula, possibly Campania or Etruria, Terracotta (1975.363)
Belt buckle, Xiongnu type, 3rd–2nd century B.C., North China, Gilt bronze (18.33.1)
Belt clasp, 1st–3rd century A.D., Caucasus region (Georgia), Bronze (21.166.5)
Belt plaque with three ibexes, Xiongnu type, 2nd–1st century B.C., Northwest China, Bronze (28.68.4)
Bowl, mid-9th–12th century, Mimbres peoples; New Mexico, Ceramic (1978.412.123)
Box for game pieces, ca. 1300, German, Painted wood with iron mounts (1976.327)
Brooch in the form of a stag, late 3rd–early 4th century, Caucasus region, Bronze (21.166.3)
Bucranium, Egyptian Second Intermediate Period, ca. 1640–1550 B.C., Medjayu (Pan-Grave), Bone and horn painted with red, black, and white (16.2.23)
Buffalo, late Shang dynasty, 13th–11th century B.C., China, Jade (nephrite) (1976.297.2)
Buffaloes in Combat, late 16th century; Mughal, Attributed to Miskin, India, Ink and colors on paper (1983.258)
Ceremonial Hanging (Porilonjong), probably 19th century, Rongkong Toraja people, Sulawesi Island, Indonesia, Cotton (1990.335.19)
Cow, 1914, Arthur Dove (American), Pastel on canvas (49.70.72)
Cow's Skull: Red, White, and Blue, 1931, Georgia O'Keeffe (American), Oil on canvas (52.203)
The Cowherd, 1636, Claude Lorrain (Claude Gellée) (French), Etching; third state of six (Mannocci) (37.3.14)
Cup with a frieze of gazelles, early 1st millennium B.C., Northwestern Iran, Caspian region, Gold (62.84)
Cup: Head with Headdress, 19th–20th century, Democratic Republic of Congo; Kuba peoples, Wood (1978.412.541)
Cylinder seal and modern impression: hunting scene, 2250–2150 B.C.; late Akkadian period, Mesopotamia, Chert (41.160.192)
Dagger with hilt in the form of a blue bull (nilgai), Mughal period (1526–1858), ca. 1640, India, Hilt: nephrite, blade: watered steel (1985.58a,b)
Dinos (mixing bowl), ca. 630–615 B.C., Attributed to the Polyteleia Painter, Greek, Corinthian (Transitional Period), Terracotta (1997.36)
Dish in the shape of Mount Fuji with a design of horses and deer, Ming dynasty, ca. 1620–30, China, Porcelain with underglaze blue over white slip (Jingdezhen ware (2010.206)
Embroidered Square with Animals, Birds, and Flowers, late 12th–14th century, Eastern Central Asia, Silk thread on silk (1988.296)
The Feast of Sada: From the Shahnama (Book of Kings) of Shah Tahmasp, ca. 1525, Attributed to Sultan Muhammad (Iranian), Iran, Tabriz, Colors, ink, silver, and gold on paper (1970.301.2)
Figure of a bull, ca. mid- to late 1st millennium B.C., Southwestern Arabia, Bronze (47.100.85)
Figure of Magu with a fawn, Qing dynasty or early Republic, late 19th–early 20th century, China; Dehua ware, Fujian Province, Porcelain with clear glaze (34.13)
From the Faraway, Nearby, 1938, Georgia O'Keeffe (American), Oil on canvas (59.204.2)
Furniture attachment, 1st century A.D.; Early Imperial, Roman, Bronze (23.160.79)
Furniture attachment, 1st century A.D.; Early Imperial, Roman, Bronze (27.253.1)
Garland with mask, basket, and bucrania (ceremonial bulls' heads): From Room L of the Villa of P. Fannius Synistor at Boscoreale, ca. 50–40 B.C.; Late Republican, Roman, Wall painting; Fresco (03.14.4)
Gazelle, New Kingdom, Dynasty 18, reign of Amenhotep III, ca. 1390–1353 B.C., From Egypt, Elephant Ivory, wood, blue-pigment inlay (26.7.1292)
Goat, ca. 1934, Arthur Dove (American), Watercolor, gouache, and pencil on paperboard (49.70.75)
Goats Fighting, 1905; this cast, before 1912, Anna Hyatt Huntington (American), Bronze (12.51)
Haniwa boar, Kofun period, 5th century, Japan, Earthenware (1975.268.418)
Haystacks: Autumn, ca. 1874, Jean-François Millet (French), Oil on canvas (60.71.12)
Head of an Antelope, Late Period, Dynasty 27, ca. 525–404 B.C., Egyptian, Greywacke, agate, Egyptian alabaster (1992.55)
Horses Harnessed to a Chariot, New Kingdom, Amarna Period, Dynasty 18, reign of Akhenaten, ca. 1353–1336 B.C., Egyptian; from Middle Egypt, probably el-Amarna, possibly Hermopolis, Limestone, paint (1985.328.18)
Hunt of Wild Boar, from the series "Hunting Scenes in Ornamental Frames," 1570, Harmen Jansz Muller (Netherlandish), after Jan van der Straet, called Stradanus (Netherlandish), Engraving (49.95.992)
Incense burner, mid-1st millennium B.C., Southern Arabia, Bronze (49.71.2)
Kneeling bull holding a spouted vessel, 3100–2900 B.C.; Proto-Elamite period, Southwestern Iran, Silver (66.173)
Krater with a lid surmounted by a small hydria, mid-8th century B.C.; Geometric, Greek, Euboean or Cycladic; Found at Kourion, Cyprus, Terracotta (74.51.965)
Landscape with Goat, ca. 1485?/90–1576, Titian (Tiziano Vecellio) (Italian, Venetian), Italian, Pen and brown ink (1991.462)
Magical stela, Late Period, Dynasty 30, reign of Nectanebo II, ca. 360–343 B.C., Egyptian; from Alexandria, Greywacke (50.85)
Masquerade Element (Omama): Ram's Head, 17th–19th century, Nigeria; Yoruba, Owo subgroup, Ivory, wood or coconut shell inlay (1991.17.123)
The Milkmaid, 1510, Lucas van Leyden (Dutch), Engraving (41.1.24)
Modern Impression of a stamped seal: hunters and goats, rectangular pen(?), early 2nd millennium B.C., Gulf region (ancient Dilmun), Steatite or chlorite (1987.96.22)
Neck amphora (storage jar), ca. 620/615–595/590 B.C., Greek, Corinthian; Said to be from Capua, Terracotta (06.1021.18)
Netsuke: Boar resting on bush clover, 19th century, Japanese, Wood (91.1.989)
Netsuke: Ox with boy playing flute, 19th century, Japanese, Wood, ivory, metal (10.211.780)
Nilgai (blue bull): Leaf from the Shah Jahan Album, Mughal, period of Jahangir (1605–27), ca. 1620, By Mansur, India, Ink, opaque watercolor, and gold on paper (
Nubian with oryx, monkey, and leopard skins, 8th–7th century B.C.; Neo-Assyrian period; Phoenician style, Excavated at Fort Shalmaneser, Nimrud (ancient Kalhu), Mesopotamia, Ivory (60.145.11)
Oil lamp, ca. 1515, Andrea Briosco, called Riccio (Italian), Padua, Bronze (2009.58)
Painted Cloth (Pichwai) Depicting the Celebration of the Festival of Cows, late 18th–early 19th century, India, Deccan, Painted and printed gold and silver leaf, opaque watercolor on indigo-dyed cotton (2003.177)
Part of a throne with deity on a bull, late 8th–7th century B.C.; Urartian style, Probably Toprakkale, eastern Anatolia, Bronze (50.163)
PixCell Deer #24, 2011, Nawa Kōhei (Japanese), Mixed media: taxidermied deer with surfaced covered with glass, acrylic, and crystal beads (2011.493a-j)
Plaque of Mithras slaying the bull, mid-Imperial, 2nd or early 3rd century A.D., Roman, Bronze (1997.145.3)
Plaque with God Creating the Animals, ca. 1084, South Italian; modern Amalfi (Campania), Ivory (17.190.156)
Plate with king hunting rams, late 5th–early 6th century; Sasanian period, Iran, Silver, mercury gilding, niello inlay (34.33)
Power Object (Boli), 19th–20th century, Mali; Bamana, Wood, sacrificial materials (patina) (1979.206.175)
Preparations for a Hunt, ca. 1680; Mughal, India, Opaque watercolor on paper (2005.235a)
Prestige Cloth, Ghana, Ewe peoples, 1930–50, Cotton and silk (2010.555)
Ram head for attachment, Third Intermediate Period, Dynasty 21–25, ca. 1070–664 B.C., Egypt, Leaded bronze, precious metal leaf, copper alloy inlay in eye rims (45.2.9)
Ram's-Head Amulet, Late Period, Dynasty 25, ca. 712–657 B.C., Egyptian/Nubian, Gold (1989.281.98)
Recumbent mouflon, Mature Harappan period, ca. 2600–1900 B.C., Indus Valley, Marble (1978.58)
Relief with goat, 1st century A.D.; Early Imperial, Augustan, Roman, Stucco (26.60.85)
Rhyton in the form of a bull's head, ca. 1450–1400 B.C.; Late Minoan II, Minoan; Greece, Crete, Terracotta (1973.35)
Ritual Vessel (Paccha), 15th–early 16th century, Peru; Inka, Ceramic (1979.206.1149)
Roundel with Amazons and a cross, 7th–9th century (?), Egypt or Syria (?), Weft-faced compound twill (samite) in green, beige, and brownish silk(1987.442.5)
Roundel with the head of a "hero" surrounded by caprids, 14th century B.C.; Middle Elamite period, Southwestern Iran, Bitumen, traces of silver and gold foil (1989.281.24)
Rug with confronted animals, 14th century, Turkey, Wool (warp, weft, and pile), symmetrically knotted pile (1990.61)
Scenes from the Story of the Argonauts, ca. 1465, Biagio d'Antonio (Italian, Florentine); Master of the Argonauts, Tempera on panel (09.136.1,2)
Sheep Shearing Beneath a Tree, ca. 1854, Jean-François Millet (French), Conté crayon with stumping, pen and brown ink, heightened with white on beige wove paper (40.12.3)
Sheep, 1901, Hans Watzek (Austrian), Gum bichromate print (33.43.405)
Silk fragment with a rosebush, deer, and flower pattern, late 17th–early 18th century; Safavid, Iran, Silk, silver- and gilt-metal-wrapped thread; compound twill weave, brocaded (49.32.99)
St. Eustace, 1974, Anselm Kiefer (German), Watercolor, gouache, and colored pencil on paper (2000.96.4)
Stamp seal and a modern impression: unicorn or bull and inscription,, Mature Harappan period, ca. 2600–1900 B.C., Indus Valley, Burnt steatite (49.40.1)
Standard top, late 2nd millennium B.C.; Middle Elamite period, Southwestern Iran, Bronze (57.13.1)
Standard with two long-horned bulls, 2400–2000 B.C.; Early Bronze Age III, North central Anatolia, Arsenical copper (55.137.5)
Standing boar, Eastern Javanese period, ca. 14th century, Indonesia (Java), Bronze (1987.142.259)
Statuette of a bull, Archaic, late 6th century B.C., Greek, Boeotian; from the Kabeirion at Thebes, Bronze (20.210)
Terracotta hydria (water jar), ca. 520–510 B.C.; black-figure, Greek, Caeretan, Attributed to the Eagle Painter (64.11.1)
Textile fragment, first half of 12th century, Spain, Silk and gold-wrapped silk (58.85.1)
Twelve animals of the Chinese zodiac, Qing dynasty, 19th century, China, Jade (nephrite) (02.18.730)
Two chariot yoke ornaments in the shape of does, 5th–4th century B.C., North China, Bronze (1985.214.88-89)
Vanity Sounds the Horn and Ignorance Unleashes the Hounds Overconfidence, Rashness, and Desire (from The Hunt of the Frail Stag) , 1500–1525, South Netherlandish, Wool and silk (50.145.4)
Venados, 1981, Francisco Toledo (Mexican), Color engraving and aquatint (1985.1139)
Vessel fragment with frieze of a bull, 3300–2900 B.C.; Late Uruk/Jemdet Nasr period, Mesopotamia, Steatite, chlorite (50.218)
Vessel terminating in the forepart of a bull, 15th–13th century B.C.; Hittite Empire period, Central Anatolia, Silver (1989.281.11)
Vessel terminating in the forepart of a stag, 14th–13th century B.C.; Hittite Empire period, Central Anatolia, Silver, gold (1989.281.10)
Vessel with Women and Goats, ca. 1887–89, Paul Gauguin (French), Stoneware (2013.471)
Volute-krater (vase for mixing wine and water), early 6th century B.C., Attributed to Sophilos, Greek, Attic, Terracotta (1977.11.2)
Votive offering, New Kingdom, second half of Dynasty 18, ca. 1400–1295 B.C., Egyptian, Wood with remains of black pigment (2006.16)
Weaning the Calves, 1879, Rosa Bonheur (French), Oil on canvas (87.15.109)
Welcoming Spring, Ming dynasty, 15th century, China, Embroidery on silk gauze (1981.410)
Young Faun with Heron, 1890, this cast ca. 1902, Frederick William MacMonnies (American), Bronze (2008.26)
Young Herdsmen with Cows, ca. 1655–60, Aelbert Cuyp (Dutch, 1620–1691), Oil on canvas (14.40.616)
Zahhak Is Told His Fate: From the Shahnama (Book of Kings) of Shah Tahmasp, ca. 1523–24, Attributed to Sultan Muhammad (Iranian), Iran, Tabriz, Colors, ink, silver, and gold on paper (1970.301.4)

Thematic Essays (41)