Among the most celebrated Olmec works in fired clay—the finest are made of ivory-colored kaolin as is this example—are large, masterfully sculpted, hollow, sexless human figures displaying infantile characteristics. Usually seated with splayed legs and hands on thighs, these figures have the posture, body proportions, and fleshiness of human babies. However, they are not merely depictions of human infants: some have the mass and powerful build of an adult, are embellished with symbolic designs on their bodies, and wear distinctive headdresses as seen here. Infants are a frequent theme in Olmec art, although why is unclear.
In the late second millennium B.C., the influence of the Olmec peoples of the Gulf Coast reached into the highlands of central Mexico, where this figure is said to have originated at a site known today as Las Bocas. The figure, of a type often called a "baby figure," was included in an important loan exhibition of Olmec ceramic works that was organized at the Museum of Primitive Art in 1965, The Jaguar's Children: Pre-Classic Central Mexico. The jaguar is the largest feline animal native to the Americas, and certain of its features had a profound effect on the beliefs and imagery of the ancient peoples of the hemisphere.