Exhibitions/ Art Object
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明 傳仇英 十六羅漢圖 卷
The Sixteen Luohans

Artist:
Attributed to Qiu Ying (Chinese, ca. 1495–1552)
Period:
Ming dynasty (1368–1644)
Date:
16th century
Culture:
China
Medium:
Handscroll; ink on paper
Dimensions:
Image: 13 9/16 x 206 3/8 in. (34.4 x 524.2 cm) Overall with mounting: 13 7/8 x 468 3/4 in. (35.2 x 1190.6 cm)
Classification:
Paintings
Credit Line:
Gift of Douglas Dillon, 1989
Accession Number:
1989.235.3
Not on view
Best known for his paintings rendered in brilliant mineral colors, Qiu Ying sometimes worked in ink alone to demonstrate his skill as a draftsman. In this dynamic procession of luohans and their attendants, the figures are enlivened through exquisitely controlled, undulating and folded brush lines and luminous graded washes. Qiu's enthusiasm for detail is evident in the remarkable individualization of the holy men's eccentric features and the delicate textile designs of their robes. Although the artist's inscription credits the monk-artist Guanxiu (832–912) as the source of his inspiration, the ninth-century master's grotesque luohans have here been replaced by elegant Sinicized ascetics.

Reflecting the blending of Buddhism and Confucianism in later Chinese culture, this procession of luohans is shown ceremoniously escorting a Chinese scholar—identifiable by his tall cap and full robes—and his retinue out of the clouds.
Signature: Qiu Ying signed the painting "Qiu Ying following the style of Guanxiu's Lohans." A label by Gu Wenbin (1811–1889) is mounted in the front of the painting.

Two seals of the artist: Shizhou; Qiu Ying Chiyin; one colophon dated late autumn of 1871

Marking: Collectors' seals:
Seven seals of Gao Shiqu (1645–1705)
Six seals of Chen Huai (early-mid 18th century)
One seal of Kangbo (17th century)
One seal of Bao Yaoting (19th century
Two seals of Zhang Zizan (17th century)
Label mounted in front of the painting, and two seals of Gu Wenbin (1811–1889)
One seal of a contemporary collector
Two unidentified seals
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