Shield (Grere'o [?])

early to mid-19th century
Solomon Islands, Possibly New Georgia or Guadalcanal Island, Western province
Solomon Islander
Fiber, parinarium-nut paste, chambered-nautilus shell, pigment
H. 33 1/4 x W. 11 x D. 1 1/2 in. (84.5 x 27.9 x 3.8 cm)
Credit Line:
The Michael C. Rockefeller Memorial Collection, Gift of Nelson A. Rockefeller, 1972
Accession Number:
  • Description

    Inlaid shields created in the Solomon Islands are dazzling and enigmatic objects. Most consist of ordinary basketry fighting shields, which have been overmodeled with resin, painted, and inset with mother-of-pearl inlays cut from chambered nautilus shell. The imagery represented consistently depicts a human figure. The subject may be a warrior or protective spirit that frequently appears above a horizontal band adorned with smaller human faces, possibly alluding to the former practice of headhunting. Too delicate for use in combat, these shields were almost certainly symbolic objects carried as marks of martial prowess by chiefs and prominent warriors.
    From the outset the acquisition of an inlaid shield from the Solomon Islands was a priority for the MPA collection. The "Desiderata" for this canonical genre sketched by d'Harnoncourt in the Oceanic notebook was a nearly identical example in the Museum of Bordeaux in France. One of only roughly two dozen known, this one was owned successively by two Scottish museums from 1836 until 1959 before it was acquired and sold to Rockefeller by New York dealer John J. Klejman.

  • Provenance

    Royal Scottish Museum, Edinburgh, Scotland, until 1959; [John J. Klejman, until 1959]; Nelson A. Rockefeller, New York, 1959,on loan to The Museum of Primitive Art, New York, 1959–1972; The Museum of Primitive Art, New York, 1972–1978