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Semiotics of the Kitchen (excerpt), by Martha Rosler

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The Scourged Back

Attributed to McPherson & Oliver (American, active New Orleans and Baton Rouge, Louisiana, 1860s)

Date:
April 1863
Medium:
Albumen silver print from glass negative
Dimensions:
Image: 8.7 x 5.5 cm (3 7/16 x 2 3/16 in.)
Classification:
Photographs
Credit Line:
International Center of Photography, Purchase, with funds provided by the ICP Acquisitions Committee, 2003 (183.2003)
  • Description

    Gordon, a runaway slave seen with severe whipping scars in this haunting carte-de-visite portrait, is one of the many African Americans whose lives Sojourner Truth endeavored to better. Perhaps the most famous of all known Civil War–era portraits of slaves, the photograph dates from March or April 1863 and was made in a camp of Union soldiers along the Mississippi River, where the subject took refuge after escaping his bondage on a nearby Mississippi plantation.

    On Saturday, July 4, 1863, this portrait and two others of Gordon appeared as wood engravings in a special Independence Day feature in Harper’s Weekly. McPherson & Oliver’s portrait and Gordon’s narrative in the newspaper were extremely popular, and photography studios throughout the North (including Mathew B. Brady’s) duplicated and sold prints of The Scourged Back. Within months, the carte de visite had secured its place as an early example of the wide dissemination of ideologically abolitionist photographs.

  • Provenance

    Larry Goltheim (Be-Hold); International Center of Photography

302544

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