Exhibitions/ Art Object
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Madeleine II

Artist:
Henri Matisse (French, Le Cateau-Cambrésis 1869–1954 Nice)
Date:
1903; this cast, probably 1930
Medium:
Bronze
Dimensions:
23 1/4 x 7 1/2 x 7 1/2 in. (59.1 x 19.1 x 19.1 cm)
Classification:
Sculpture
Credit Line:
The Pierre and Maria-Gaetana Matisse Collection, 2002
Accession Number:
2002.456.115
Rights and Reproduction:
© 2016 Succession H. Matisse / Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York
Not on view
Although Matisse is best known as a painter, his activities as a sculptor extended through most of his career and resulted in some eighty pieces; the majority are bronzes cast from plaster models. In the 1890s, as an art student in Paris, he had studied and drawn from casts and sculptures in the Louvre as was the academic custom, and his earliest known sculpture-in-the-round (1899-1901) is a study after Antoine-Louis Barye's 1852 bronze, Jaguar Devouring a Hare, from that museum. Soon he began to sculpt compositions of his own devising, focusing exclusively on the human body, most often female, which was the primary subject for his paintings, drawings, and prints as well. The two periods of his greatest sculptural production were 1900-1913 and 1922-32.

Madeleine, I (1901) and Madeleine, II (1903) are typical of his early figurative work. In both, the serpentine stance of the nude model is accentuated, and she appears momentarily caught by the viewer's gaze, before moving around. The spontaneity of Matisse's first version, sculpted from life in his studio, is not lost in his second version, which has a rougher, more staccato surface that captures light and reflects it back as visual movement. As with other of his sculptures developed in a series, Matisse maintained his initial sensation, while progressively increasing its effect with each subsequent variation.
Inscription: Inscribed (on back of rocklike support): HM 1/10

Marking: Stamped (on back of base, foundry mark): CIRE/ PERDUE/ C. VALSUANI
the artist (until d. 1954; his estate, Paris, 1954–58); Pierre Matisse, New York (1958–d. 1989); his widow, Maria-Gaetana Matisse, née von Spreti, New York (1989–d. 2001); Pierre and Maria-Gaetana Matisse Foundation (2002; gift to MMA)

Musée Matisse, Nice. "Henri Matisse: Sculptures," July 29–September 29, 1974, no. 7.

Paris. Musée National d'Art Moderne, Centre Georges Pompidou. "Henri Matisse: Dessins et sculpture," May 29–September 7, 1975, no. 170.

Palais des Beaux-Arts, Brussels. "Henri Matisse: Dessins et sculpture/ Tekeningen en sculpturen," September 27–October 26, 1975, no. 162.

City Art Centre, Edinburgh. "The Sculpture of Henri Matisse," August 5–September 16, 1984, no. 6.

London. Hayward Gallery. "The Sculpture of Henri Matisse," October 4, 1984–January 6, 1985, no. 6.

Leeds City Art Gallery. "The Sculpture of Henri Matisse," January 18–March 24, 1985, no. 6.

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "The Pierre and Maria-Gaetana Matisse Collection," May 18, 2004–June 26, 2005, no catalogue.

Museo Picasso Málaga. "La Colección Pierre y Maria-Gaetana Matisse en The Metropolitan Museum of Art, Nueva York," March 26–June 24, 2007, no. 39.

Claude Duthuit with Wanda de Guébriant. Henri Matisse: Catalogue Raisonné de l'oeuvre sculpté. Paris, 1997, pp. 308, 340, 351, no. 10, ill. pp. 20–23.

Magdalena Dabrowski in The American Matisse: The Dealer, His Artists, His Collection. The Pierre and Maria-Gaetana Matisse Collection. New York, 2009, pp. 79–80, 157, ill. (color).



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