Cupid's victorious combat with the woodland god Pan is a visual translation of the famous line in Virgil's tenth Eclogue "Love conquers all." The Latin word omnia, like the Greek word pan, signifies "all," while amor, the Latin name for Cupid, means "love." About the time he made this engraving, Agostino was assisting his brother Annibale in a fresco cycle at the Farnese Gallery based on the theme of the power of love. Annibale painted Cupid's successful wrestling match with Pan on one of the feigned medallions that adorn the ceiling. This print is the masterpiece of the simplified, monumental manner that Agostino developed in Rome, its popularity evident from the fact that ten other printmakers are known to
have copied it.