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Terracotta oinochoe (jug) with Pompe between Eros and Dionysos

Period:
Classical
Date:
mid-4th century B.C.
Culture:
Greek, Attic
Medium:
Terracotta; red-figure
Dimensions:
H. 9 1/4 in. (23.5 cm); diameter 6 13/16 in. (17.3 cm)
Classification:
Vases
Credit Line:
Rogers Fund, 1925
Accession Number:
25.190
  • Description

    Pompe, the personification of processions, holds a wreath and looks toward Dionysos, seated and
    wearing a diadem. The winged Eros adjusts his sandals as though preparing to depart. The gilt openwork basket on the ground is the type used in religious processions to carry sacrificial implements to the place of sacrifice. This procession must be part of an Athenian festival in honor of Dionysos, probably the Anthesteria, which culminated in the sacred marriage of the god to the wife of the archon basileus, a high official representing the ancient Athenian kings.

  • References

    Richter, Gisela M. A. 1927. Handbook of the Classical Collection. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, p. 160, fig. 110.

    Richter, Gisela M. A. 1930. Handbook of the Classical Collection. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, p. 160, fig. 110.

    Richter, Gisela M. A. and Marjorie J. Milne. 1935. Shapes and Names of Athenian Vases. New York: Plantin Press, pp. 19-20, fig. 121.

    Metropolitan Museum of Art. 1936[1934]. A Guide to the Collections, Part 1: Ancient and Oriental Art, 2nd edn. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

    Richter, Gisela M. A. 1946. Attic Red-Figured Vases: A Survey. New Haven: Yale University Press, p. 161, fig. 123.

    Richter, Gisela M. A. 1953. Handbook of the Greek Collection. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, pp. 115, 254, pl. 94e.

    Bandinelli, Ranuccio Bianchi. 1958. Enciclopedia dell'Arte Antica, Classica e Orientale, Vol. 1. Rome: Instituto della Enciclopedia Italiana, pp. 903-4, fig. 1136.

    Richter, Gisela M. A. 1958[1946]. Attic Red-Figured Vases: A Survey, Revised Edition, 2nd edn. New Haven: Yale University Press, p. 161, fig. 123.

    Schefold, Karl. 1967[1965]. Classical Greece. New York: Crown Publishers, p. 191 ff, fig. 40.

    Forsyth, William H. and The International Confederation of Dealers in Works of Art. 1974. "Acquisitions from the Brummer Gallery." The Grand Gallery at the Metropolitan Museum of Art: Sixth International Exhibition presented by C.I.N.O.A.. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, p. 2.

    Dover, Kenneth J. 1978. Greek Homosexuality. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, p. 77.

    Biers, William R. 1980. The Archaeology of Greece: An Introduction. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, p. 272, fig. 9.44.

    Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneleise, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1981–1999. Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vols. 1-8. Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen.

    Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneleise, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1984. Aphrodisias-Athena, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vol. 2. Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen, Aphrodite, p. 78.

    Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneleise, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1986. Atherion-Eros, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vol. 3. Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen, Dionysos, no. 849.

    Boardman, John. 1989. Athenian Red Figure Vases: The Classical Period, a Handbook. London: Thames and Hudson, London, fig. 394.

    Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneleise, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1994. Oidipous-Theseus, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vol. 7. Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen, Pompe, no. 2.

    Picón, Carlos A. 2007. Art of the Classical World in the Metropolitan Museum of Art: Greece, Cyprus, Etruria, Rome New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, no. 167, pp. 148, 436.

    Kaltsas, Nikolaos and H. Alan Shapiro. 2008. Worshiping Women: Ritual and Reality in Classical Athens New York: The Alexander S. Onassis Public Benefit Foundation (USA), Inc, p. 143, fig. 1.

    Adam-Velenē, Polyxenē. 2011. Il dono di Dioniso : mitologia del vino nell'Italia centrale (Molise) e nella Grecia del Nord (Macedonia). The Gift of Dionysos. Salonicco (Thessalonikē): Archaeological Museum of Thessaloniki, pp. 125, 134, fig. 6.

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