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Terracotta squat lekythos (oil jar)

Period:
Late Classical
Date:
mid-4th century B.C.
Culture:
Greek, Attic
Medium:
Terracotta; red-figure
Dimensions:
H. 8 1/8 in. (20.6 cm); diameter 4 3/8 in. (11.1 cm)
Classification:
Vases
Credit Line:
Rogers Fund, 1922
Accession Number:
22.139.26
  • Description

    Adonis, a beautiful boy loved by Aphrodite, met an untimely death. The cult of the dying god was
    celebrated exclusively by women. At the Athenian festival of the Adonia, pots filled with quickly
    germinating seeds were placed on flat rooftops then carried, along with a statuette of the god,
    and thrown into the sea amid loud lamentation. Here, between seated figures who are probably Adonis and Aphrodite, a woman carrying a pot of earth, which she receives from Eros, climbs a ladder to the roof.

  • References

    Richter, Gisela M. A. 1946. Attic Red-Figured Vases: A Survey. New Haven: Yale University Press, p. 160, fig. 124.

    Richter, Gisela M. A. 1953. Handbook of the Greek Collection. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, p. 115.

    Richter, Gisela M. A. 1958[1946]. Attic Red-Figured Vases: A Survey, Revised Edition, 2nd edn. New Haven: Yale University Press, p. 160, fig. 124.

    Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneleise, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1981–1999. Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vols. 1-8. Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen.

    Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneleise, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1981. Aara-Aphlad, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vol. 1. Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen, Adonis, no. 49.

    Kaltsas, Nikolaos and H. Alan Shapiro. 2008. Worshiping Women: Ritual and Reality in Classical Athens New York: The Alexander S. Onassis Public Benefit Foundation (USA), Inc, p. 246.

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