Exhibitions/ Art Object

Terracotta hydria: kalpis (water jar)

Attributed to the Berlin Painter
Period:
Classical
Date:
ca. 500 B.C.
Culture:
Greek, Attic
Medium:
Terracotta; red-figure
Dimensions:
H. 14 7/16 in. (36.6 cm) diameter 12 1/4 in. (31.1 cm)
Classification:
Vases
Credit Line:
Rogers Fund, 1910
Accession Number:
10.210.19
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 157
Achilles and Penthesilea

Penthesilea, the queen of the Amazons who assisted the Trojans in the Trojan War, was killed by the Greek hero Achilles. He fell in love with her even as he dealt the mortal blow. The Berlin Painter wraps the figures diagonally around the shoulder of the kalpis. For artistic effect, Penthesilea is disproportionately tall and assumes an unnaturally balletic pose. The composition, however, is admirably appropriate for its placement.
Said to be from Falerii

Richter, Gisela M. A. 1911. "Department of Classical Art: The Accessions of 1910--II. Vases." Bulletin of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, 6(2): p. 34, fig. 14.

Richter, Gisela M. A. 1917. Handbook of the Classical Collection. p. 102, fig. 61, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Richter, Gisela M. A. 1927. Handbook of the Classical Collection. pp. 121-22, fig. 79, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Richter, Gisela M. A. 1930. Handbook of the Classical Collection. pp. 121-22, fig. 79, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Richter, Gisela M. A. 1944. Greek Painting: The Development of Pictoral Representation from Archaic to Graeco-Roman Times. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Richter, Gisela M. A. 1946. Attic Red-Figured Vases: A Survey. pp. 40, 60, 63-64, figs. 7, 17, 24*, New Haven: Yale University Press.

Richter, Gisela M. A. 1953. Handbook of the Greek Collection. pp. 72, 213, pl. 53g, Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.

Bandinelli, Ranuccio Bianchi. 1958. Enciclopedia dell'Arte Antica, Classica e Orientale, Vol. 2. p. 60, fig. 98, Rome: Instituto della Enciclopedia Italiana.

Richter, Gisela M. A. 1958[1946]. Attic Red-Figured Vases: A Survey, Revised Edition, 2nd edn. pp. 40, 60, 63-64, figs. 7, 17, 24*, New Haven: Yale University Press.

Beazley, John D. 1963[1942]. Attic Red-Figure Vase-Painters, Vols. 1 and 2, 2nd ed. p. 209, no. 169, Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Richter, Gisela M. A. 1970. Perspective in Greek and Roman Art. p. 25, n. 2, figs. 101a, 101b, New York and London: Phaidon Press.

Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneliese, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1981–1999. Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vols. 1-8. Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen.

Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneliese, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1981. Aara-Aphlad, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vol. 1. Achilleus, no. 734; Amazones, no. 289, Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen.

Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneliese, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1994. Oidipous-Theseus, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vol. 7. Penthesileia, no. 27, Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen.

Bol, Renate. 1998. Amazones Volneratae: Untersuchungen ze den Ephesischen Amazonenstauen. fig. 147b, n. 655, Mainz am Rhein: Verlag Philipp von Zabern.

Ambrosini, Laura. 2005. "Circolazione della Ceramica Attica nell’Agro Falisco e Volsiniese: un Confronto." Orvieto, l'Etruria meridionale interna e l'agro falisco: atti del XII convegno internazionale di studi sulla storia e l'archeologia dell'Etruria, Annali della Fondazione per il Museo Claudio Faina, 12, Giuseppe M. della Fina, ed. pp. 302, 311, Rome: Quasar.

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