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Reeds and Geese

Tesshū Tokusai (Japanese, died 1366)

Period:
Nanbokuchō period (1336–92)
Date:
dated 11th month, 1343
Culture:
Japan
Medium:
One of a pair of hanging scrolls; ink on silk
Dimensions:
Image: 43 1/2 x 17 3/8 in. (110.5 x 44.1 cm) Overall: 71 3/4 x 20 1/4 in. (182.2 x 51.4 cm)
Classification:
Paintings
Credit Line:
The Harry G. C. Packard Collection of Asian Art, Gift of Harry G. C. Packard, and Purchase, Fletcher, Rogers, Harris Brisbane Dick, and Louis V. Bell Funds, Joseph Pulitzer Bequest, and The Annenberg Fund Inc. Gift, 1975
Accession Number:
1975.268.37
  • Description

    This pair of hanging scrolls (with 1977.172), though separated recently as is apparent from their different mountings, once formed part of a triptych flanking a central scroll that depicted the Daoist immortal Lu Dongbin (now in the Nelson-Atkins Museum, Kansas City). This schema, cultivated and popular in Zen temples in Japan, reflected the desire to express the underlying unity of the natural and spiritual worlds. The flying, calling, sleeping, and feeding geese reference the four fundamental aspects of monastic life.

    Tesshū Tokusai was one of the most cultivated monks of early Japanese Zen Buddhism. As a spiritual discipline, he devoted himself to painting orchids and geese in the style of contemporary Chinese masters. The inscription on the left scroll, partially damaged, includes the date of the eleventh month, 1343, as well as the words for “Japan” and “a respected scholar.”

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