Exhibitions/ Art Object

Head of Bhairava

Period:
Malla period
Date:
16th century
Culture:
Nepal, Kathmandu Valley
Medium:
Gilt copper with rock crystal and paint
Dimensions:
H. 32 in. (81.3 cm); W. 36 in. (91.4 cm); D. 14 in. (35.6 cm)
Classification:
Sculpture
Credit Line:
Gift of Zimmerman Family Collection, 2012
Accession Number:
2012.444.2
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 252
A fearsome form of Shiva, the wide-eyed and fanged Bhairava embodies rage. Flames emit from his mouth, eyes, eyebrows, and chin, and his red hair appears as an aureole of fire. It supports a diadem entwined with snakes and skulls and set with large rock crystals. Coiled snakes form his pendant ear ornaments. A small hole pierces the inner mouth to receive the drinking tube used during the annual Indrayatra festival to funnel beer to bless eager devotees. The representation of Bhairava as an independent, mask-like head is unique to the Newari metalworkers of Nepal, who were famous throughout the Himalayan world for their skills in working copper. This mask bears close comparison to an inscribed example dated 1560 and may be dated to the mid-sixteenth century.
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