Chariot Model (Modern Replica)
- Original: Qin dynasty (221–206 B.C.)
- Bronze with pigments
- chariot box, including axles: W. 53 1/2 in. (135.9 cm); D. 25 in. (63.5 cm): Wt. 220.5 lb. (100 kg)
canopy: H. 4 in. (10.2 cm); Diam. 49 1/2 in. (125.7 cm); Wt. 66.1 lb. (30 kg)
each horse: H. 36 1/2 in. (92.7 cm); W. 13 1/2 in. (34.3 cm); L. 46 1/2 in. (118.1 cm)
- Credit Line:
- Lent by Emperor Qinshihuang's Mausoleum Site Museum
The chariots on which these two half-life-size models are based were excavated in 1980 from the mausoleum complex of the First Emperor of Qin. Both models bear details faithful to full-size examples. Model no. 1, shielded by an umbrella-like canopy, is a light chariot, used in battle or for inspection tours. Model no. 2 has a heavier carriage, and its box, enclosed under an oval-shaped canopy, is large enough for passengers to sit or sleep.
After his conquest was complete, the First Emperor toured the unified country in his chariot—the same vehicle that would later carry his body to Xianyang for burial. These replicas may have been intended to evoke that chariot. As such, they worked in concert with the terracotta warriors, stone armors, bronze weapons, and interred body of the emperor to complete a narrative of eternal power.