H. 48 in. (121.9 cm): W. 27 in. (68.6 cm); D.19 1/4 in. (48.9 cm); Wt. 304.2 lb. (138 kg)
Lent by Emperor Qinshihuang's Mausoleum Site Museum
Not on view
Excavations of the mausoleum of the First Emperor of Qin revealed terracotta models of 108 cavalry, 332 archers and infantry, and a combined unit of more than 300 charioteers, cavalry, and infantry, all fully armored. Based on this figure’s gestures, we can assume that he was an archer, whose original weapon—a crossbow— is now lost. He is the only figure on view here that still bears traces of color, indicating that he was once vividly painted (see the red of his armor laces and the black of his collar). Chemical analysis suggests the use of mineral pigments such as cinnabar, azurite, malachite, bone or lead white, and an artificially produced mineral pigment commonly known as “Han purple.”
Excavated from Pit no. 2 of Qin Mausoleum, Lintong, Xi’an, Shaanxi, 1977
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Age of Empires: Chinese Art of the Qin and Han Dynasties (221 B.C.–A.D. 200)," April 3, 2017–July 16, 2017.
Huangling Qinyongkeng kaogu fajuedui 皇陵秦俑坑考古發掘隊 (Archaeological Team of Qin Mausoleum Terracotta Army Pit). “Qinshihuangling dongce dierhao binmayongkeng zuantan shijue jianbao” 秦始皇陵東側第二號兵馬俑坑鑽探試掘簡報 (Brief excavation report of the terracotta army Pit no.2 in the Mausoleum of Qinshihuang). In Wenwu 文物1978:5, 1–19.
Qinshihuang bingmayong bowuguan 秦始皇兵馬俑博物館 (Museum of the Terracotta Army of the First Emperor). Qinshihuangdi ling 秦始皇帝陵 (The Mausoleum of Qinshihuang). Beijing: Wenwu chubanshe, 2009: 66–67.