元/明 佚名 嬰戲圖 軸 Children Playing in the Palace Garden
Unidentified Artist Chinese, active late 13th–15th century
late Yuan (1271–1368)–early Ming (1368–1644) dynasty
late 13th–15th century
Hanging scroll; ink and color on silk
Image: 54 7/8 x 30 in. (139.4 x 76.2 cm)
Overall with mounting: 113 1/2 x 36 1/2 in. (288.3 x 92.7 cm)
Overall with knobs: 113 1/2 x 39 in. (288.3 x 99.1 cm)
Purchase, The Dillon Fund Gift, 1987
Not on view
Children at play was a popular subject among artists of the Song Imperial Painting Academy. In this example, twenty-two boys play games, ride hobbyhorses, and enjoy a large masonry slide in a corner of the imperial garden.
The subject matter, costumes, and representational techniques of this scroll derive from works by the Song court painter Su Hanchen (active first half of the 12th century), while the almost naive visualization of the pavilion and the dramatically tilted ground plane reflect the manipulation of forms in space found in the works of Qian Xuan (ca. 1235–before 1307). While a Yuan-dynasty date cannot be ruled out, this painting was most likely executed in the early years of the Ming dynasty, when the Ming court revived the styles and subjects of the Song Imperial Painting Academy. One of the boys is wearing what may be a coat with a rank badge, a device introduced into court costumes by the first Ming emperor (r. 1368–98), which would corroborate this dating.
Inscription: No artist’s inscription, signature, or seal
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Text and Image: The Interaction of Painting, Poetry, and Calligraphy," January 23, 1999–August 16, 1999.
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "The World of Scholars' Rocks: Gardens, Studios, and Paintings," February 1, 2000–August 20, 2000.
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Cultivated Landscapes: Reflections of Nature in Chinese Painting with Selections from the Collection of Marie-Hélène and Guy Weill," September 10, 2002–February 9, 2003.
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Art of the Brush: Chinese Painting and Calligraphy," March 12, 2005–August 14, 2005.
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "The Four Seasons," January 28, 2006–August 13, 2006.
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Arts of the Ming Dynasty: China's Age of Brilliance," January 23, 2009–September 13, 2009.
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Chinese Gardens: Pavilions, Studios, Retreats," August 18, 2012–January 6, 2013.