Works in metal in a wealth of bronzes in a variety of styles and types are found throughout the southern half of Nigeria, especially along the lower part of the Niger River. The numerous "Lower Niger bronzes" discovered in Benin at the end of the nineteenth century that were long considered to be of local origin are now thought to come from a number of locations and time periods; some are from the Igbo-Igala area, but most were made in centers influenced by Yoruba and Benin art. Scientific dating of the clay cores in several of these sculptures revealed that a few were made as early as the fourteenth century. Some must, therefore, be contemporary with the naturalistic bronzes of Ife and may be provincial reflections of Ife style.
Mr. Isaacs, Liverpool, U.K., by descent from his father; (Sotheby's, London, July 14, 1970, no. 168); [Judith Small Nash Gallery, Woodstock, N.Y., until 1970]; Nelson A. Rockefeller, New York, 1970, on permanent loan to The Museum of Primitive Art, New York, 1970–1978
Newton, Douglas. Masterpieces of Primitive Art: The Nelson A. Rockefeller Collection. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1978, p. 182.