This clay figure of a court musician was created to accompany a funerary portrait of an Akan ruler from what is presently southern Ghana or southeastern Côte d'Ivoire. When a ruler died, a memorial sculpture was created in his likeness and brought to the cemetery in which he was buried. It was left there with images created for previous generations of rulers, forming a display that was the focus of annual rites celebrating the memory of the royal ancestors. Sculptures of servants and courtiers such as this one were also left near the burial site, where they served to comfort and support the deceased in the afterlife.
The unusual brimmed hat may indicate the courtly status of this royal servant. His striated neck suggests health and well-being, while the raised marks on his cheeks, temples, and forehead are skin embellishments that denote ethnic affiliation. His two arms raise a cylindrical flute to his lips. The work's somewhat abstracted form is quite expressive, as the backward tilt of the head and slitted eyes suggest a deep absorption in this creative act.
Exhibitions "Heroic Africans: Legendary Leaders, Iconic Sculptures." The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 9/20/2011–1/29/2012; Rietberg Museum, Zurich, 2/26–6/3/2012; catalogue no. 99, p. 111.
[Dr. Marcel Lheureux, Paris, acquired 1920s]; P. Alsace; [John J. Klejman, New York, until 1960]; Nelson A. Rockefeller, New York, on loan to The Museum of Primitive Art, New York, 1960–1964; The Museum of Primitive Art, New York, 1964–1978
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Art of Oceania, Africa, and the Americas from the Museum of Primitive Art. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1969, 339.
Soppelsa, Robert T. "'Assongu': A Terracotta Tradition of Southeastern Ivory Coast." Africa: Journal of the International African Institute vol. 1, no. 57 (1987).
Soppelsa, Robert T. "A Mma in the Metropolitan Museum of Art." African Arts vol. 23, no. 3 (July 1990), 77-78, 104.
LaGamma, Alisa. Heroic Africans: Legendary Leaders, Iconic Sculptures. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2011, no. 99, pp. 109, 111.