For eight centuries, between 711 and 1492, Southern Spain was part of the Muslim world.
In 750, the Umayyad dynasty in Syria fell to the Abbasids. The one surviving member, 'Abd al-Rahman I (reigned 756–88), escaped to Spain and established autonomous rule there.
A period of cultural, political, and artistic unity in North Africa and southern Spain is evident in the shared visual vocabulary of the architecture and decorative arts.
By the thirteenth century, only one Islamic kingdom remained in Spain, the Nasrids of Granada (1232–1492).
Read in-depth information about featured works of art related to this unit.
A list of resources for additional reading, with grade levels indicated
A list of sources used to compile the information in this unit