The Column

Educator Nancy Wu has a deep connection with columns after spending years studying a Gothic cathedral.

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In a way, columns serve for me like the DNA of a person. They are clues for me.

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  • Nancy Wu
    1280852
  • Reims Cathedral, West Façade  |  © Nancy Wu
    6851024
  • Reims Cathedral, view of nave toward east  |  © Nancy Wu
    1280857
  • Prayer in the Mosque  |  1871  |  Jean-Léon Gérôme (French)  |  Oil on canvas  |  Signed (upper right, on beam): J.L. GEROME  |  Catharine Lorillard Wolfe Collection, Bequest of Catharine Lorillard Wolfe, 1887 (87.15.130)
    8511024
  • An Architectural Detail: A Herm Figure Placing or Removing a Column from Under an Entablature (after Stucco Frame by Daniele da Volterra from Orsini Chapel, Santa Trinita dei Monti)  |  18th century  |  Anonymous (Italian)  |  Pen and brown ink, brush and gray wash, over graphite  |  The Elisha Whittelsey Collection, The Elisha Whittelsey Fund, 1948 (48.148(11))
    5411024
  • "Capitello" Chair  |  1971  |  Studio 65 (Italian); Gufram  |  Self-skinning polyurethane foam  |  Purchase, Friends of Twentieth Century Decorative Arts Gifts, by exchange, 2003 (2003.12a, b)  |  © Gufram s.r.l.
    1280965
  • Column surround with pensive woman  |  Eastern Javanese period, 14th–15th century  |  Indonesia (Java), Majapahit kingdom  |  Terracotta  |  Gift of Marie-Hélène and Guy Weill, in memory of William Wolff, 1992 (1992.151)
    7221024
  • Colosseum  |  mid-16th century  |  Italian school  |  Published by Antonio Lafréri (French, active in Rome) From the Metropolitan Museum's copy of the Speculum Romanae magnificentiae (Mirror of Rome's Magnificence)  |  Engraving  |  Harris Brisbane Dick Fund, 1941 (41.72[1.59])
    1280903
  • The Mary and Michael Jaharis Gallery of Archaic and Classical Greek Art  |  The Metropolitan Museum of Art
    7221024
  • Ionic capital, torus (foliated base), and parts of a fluted column shaft from the Temple of Artemis at Sardis  |  4th century b.c.  |  Greek, Lydian  |  Marble  |  Gift of The American Society for the Excavation of Sardis, 1926 (26.59.1)
    10241024
  • Column  |  ca. 1400  |  Probably made in Veneto, Italy  |  Limestone (Broccato Rosso di Verona)  |  Gift of Myron and Anabel Taylor Foundation Inc., 1960 (60.116.2a–c)
    4051024
  • Large Figures on the North Porch, Chartres Cathedral  |  1852  |  Henri Le Secq (French)  |  Salted paper print from paper negative  |  Purchase, The Howard Gilman Foundation and Harriette and Noel Levine Gifts, Samuel J. Wagstaff Jr. Bequest, and Rogers Fund, 1990 (1990.1130)
    6911024
  • Lekythos (oil flask) depicting Poseidon pursuing Amymone  |  ca. 440 b.c.; Red-figure  |  Attributed to the Phiale Painter  |  Greek, Attic  |  Terracotta  |  Rogers Fund, 1917 (17.230.35)
    6491024
  • Lekythos (oil flask) depicting Poseidon pursuing Amymone  |  ca. 440 b.c.; Red-figure  |  Attributed to the Phiale Painter  |  Greek, Attic  |  Terracotta  |  Rogers Fund, 1917 (17.230.35)
    6711024
  • Evening gown  |  1958  |  Madame Grès (Alix Barton) (French)  |  White silk jersey  |  Gift of Mrs. Leon L. Roos, 1973 (1973.104.2)
    7451024
  • Housepost  |  late 19th–early 20th century  |  Auguena village, Santa Ana Island, Solomon Islands  |  Wood  |  Gift of Dr. Martin and Suzanne Schulman, 1986 (1986.486)
    3481024
  • Pier Table  |  1810–15  |  Joseph B. Barry and Son (American)  |  Northeast, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania  |  Mahogany, mahogany veneer, satinwood, amboyna, pine, gilt bronze with yellow poplar  |  Purchase, Friends of the American Wing Fund, Anonymous Gift, George M. Kaufman Gift, Sansbury- Mills Fund; Gifts of the Members of the Committee of the Bertha King Benkard Memorial Fund, Mrs. Russell Sage, Mrs. Frederick Wildman, F. Ethel Wickham, Edgar William and Bernice Chrysler Garbisch, and Mrs. F. M. Townsend, by exchange; and John Stewart Kennedy Fund and Bequests of Martha S. Tiedeman and W. Gedney Beatty, by exchange, 1976 (1976.324)
    12801018
  • Bes on a column  |  Late Period–Ptolemaic Period, 664–30 b.c.  |  Egypt  |  Bronze  |  Gift of Miss Lily S. Place, 1921 (21.6.90)
    5511024
  • The Astor Court  |  The Metropolitan Museum of Art
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  • The Astor Court  |  The Metropolitan Museum of Art
    1280960
  • Various Roman Ionic capitals compared with Greek examples, from Julien-David Le Roy's Les ruines des plus beaux monuments de la Grèce (1758): Plate 20 of Della magnificenza ed architettura de' romani  |  1761  |  Giovanni Battista Piranesi (Italian)  |  Engraving  |  Rogers Fund, 1941 (41.71.1.7.20)
    1280864
  • Irregular Column  |  1984  |  John Duff (American)  |  Fiberglass and enamel paint  |  Purchase, Louis and Bessie Adler Foundation, Inc. Gift (Seymour M. Klein, President), 1985 (1985.179)
    6281024
  • The Cuxa Cloister  |  mid-12th century  |  French or Spanish; From the Abbey of Saint-Michel-de-Cuxa (modern France)  |  Marble  |  The Cloisters Collection, 1925 (25.120.398,.399,.452)
    10241024
  • The Parthenon  |  1871  |  Frederic Edwin Church (American)  |  Oil on canvas  |  Bequest of Maria DeWitt Jesup, from the collection of her husband, Morris K. Jesup, 1914 (15.30.67)
    1280777
  • The Parthenon  |  1871  |  Frederic Edwin Church (American)  |  Oil on canvas  |  Bequest of Maria DeWitt Jesup, from the collection of her husband, Morris K. Jesup, 1914 (15.30.67)
    1280811
  • The Parthenon  |  1871  |  Frederic Edwin Church (American)  |  Oil on canvas  |  Bequest of Maria DeWitt Jesup, from the collection of her husband, Morris K. Jesup, 1914 (15.30.67)
    1280885
  • Nancy Wu
    1280852
  • My name's Nancy Wu, I'm an educator at The Cloisters. I'm gonna talk about the column.

  • I spent many years working on Reims Cathedral. It is one of those huge Gothic cathedrals, full of tourists. It's not a building that you can study close up; you cannot hold it in your hand.

  • But you still have to study it carefully, in detail. My approach, which is not a common approach, is to measure the whole place. My base unit of my measurements is the column.

  • In a way, columns serve for me like the DNA of a person. I get into the habit of looking at the column by looking at the individual components

  • the capital, the shaft, the base. They are clues for me. If I see a fragment of a column

  • I can pretty much figure out the original height of that column. And I don't think it's unlike a pediatrician who has seen hundreds of babies.

  • So if you were to bring the pediatrician a baby, completely covered up revealing only the toe, I bet you the pediatrician

  • can tell just from the size of the toe the baby is probably three months old, six months old, nine months old. Really, that's the way I see columns.

  • The wonderful thing about this column is that most of the shaft is missing. The three components are compressed into a scale that is more visible for us, more of an eye-level.

  • And you get to see details that you cannot see if this column were in its original size. And the volutes, seen from one side, look like spirals, or even snails. My metaphors with architecture are very often food-related.

  • Spiral columns, the grooves, the patterns start to twist and to turn. It reminds me of a piece of dough, just freshly kneaded, and that the pastry chef is twisting it into some delicious dessert.

  • I know the shapes of columns, the proportions, have invoked associations with gender. Think of those beautiful women

  • depicted on vase paintings wearing these long robes with folds that are tubular. Don't they just look like the fluting of the columns?

  • So, chicken and egg question: what comes first, were artists inspired by the garment worn by the women around them, or the other way around?

  • What I'm envisioning is the owner of this dress, as if she was a column in motion, herself, as she parades through dinner parties. So I think a column is supposed to be supportive, solid, part of the architecture—all of these qualifications are broken.

  • My association is more architectural. I see them primarily as supporting devices. They can support

  • architecture, tables, little boxes. I'm always amazed by how this function can be kept

  • while the shape and form and the design of the column can vary so wildly.

  • I am Chinese. I'm embarrassed to admit I have never measured a Chinese building. I don't have the kind of DNA to have the visceral connection with this Chinese column.

  • The shafts tend to be a timber, cut from a tree, very simple, very unadorned, and I sort of instinctively like that.

  • The way I look at columns is pretty nerdy. The memories I have of measuring at Reims are the number of measuring tapes that I broke

  • the New Age music that was played from the souvenir stand, the candles.

  • So, when I look at columns outside of Reims, I smell the candles, I hear the music.

  • There are certain things that actually make me feel very warm

  • very personal. I feel as if I

  • I'm in possession of some of those columns

  • because I have spent so much time with them.

  • 87.15.130
    Prayer in the Mosque, 1871, Jean-Léon Gérôme (French), Oil on canvas, Signed (upper right, on beam): J.L. GEROME Catharine Lorillard Wolfe Collection, Bequest of Catharine Lorillard Wolfe, 1887 (87.15.130)
  • 48.148[11]
    An Architectural Detail: A Herm Figure Placing or Removing a Column from Under an Entablature (after Stucco Frame by Daniele da Volterra from Orsini Chapel, Santa Trinita dei Monti), 18th century, Anonymous (Italian), Pen and brown ink, brush and gray wash, over graphite The Elisha Whittelsey Collection, The Elisha Whittelsey Fund, 1948 (48.148(11))
  • 2003.12a,b
    "Capitello" Chair, 1971, Studio 65 (Italian); Gufram, Self-skinning polyurethane foam Purchase, Friends of Twentieth Century Decorative Arts Gifts, by exchange, 2003 (2003.12a, b) © Gufram s.r.l.
  • 1992.151
    Column surround with pensive woman, Eastern Javanese period, 14th–15th century, Indonesia (Java), Majapahit kingdom, Terracotta Gift of Marie-Hélène and Guy Weill, in memory of William Wolff, 1992 (1992.151)
  • 41.72[1.59]
    Colosseum, mid-16th century, Italian school, Published by Antonio Lafréri (French, active in Rome) From the Metropolitan Museum's copy of the Speculum Romanae magnificentiae (Mirror of Rome's Magnificence), Engraving Harris Brisbane Dick Fund, 1941 (41.72[1.59])
  • 26.59.1
    Ionic capital, torus (foliated base), and parts of a fluted column shaft from the Temple of Artemis at Sardis, 4th century b.c., Greek, Lydian, Marble Gift of The American Society for the Excavation of Sardis, 1926 (26.59.1)
  • 60.116.2a-c
    Column, ca. 1400, Probably made in Veneto, Italy, Limestone (Broccato Rosso di Verona) Gift of Myron and Anabel Taylor Foundation Inc., 1960 (60.116.2a–c)
  • 1990.1130
    Large Figures on the North Porch, Chartres Cathedral, 1852, Henri Le Secq (French), Salted paper print from paper negative Purchase, The Howard Gilman Foundation and Harriette and Noel Levine Gifts, Samuel J. Wagstaff Jr. Bequest, and Rogers Fund, 1990 (1990.1130)
  • 17.230.35
    Lekythos (oil flask) depicting Poseidon pursuing Amymone, ca. 440 b.c.; Red-figure, Attributed to the Phiale Painter, Greek, Attic, Terracotta Rogers Fund, 1917 (17.230.35)
  • 1973.104.2
    Evening gown, 1958, Madame Grès (Alix Barton) (French), White silk jersey Gift of Mrs. Leon L. Roos, 1973 (1973.104.2)
  • 1986.486
    Housepost, late 19th–early 20th century, Auguena village, Santa Ana Island, Solomon Islands, Wood Gift of Dr. Martin and Suzanne Schulman, 1986 (1986.486)
  • 1976.324
    Pier Table, 1810–15, Joseph B. Barry and Son (American), Northeast, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Mahogany, mahogany veneer, satinwood, amboyna, pine, gilt bronze with yellow poplar Purchase, Friends of the American Wing Fund, Anonymous Gift, George M. Kaufman Gift, Sansbury- Mills Fund; Gifts of the Members of the Committee of the Bertha King Benkard Memorial Fund, Mrs. Russell Sage, Mrs. Frederick Wildman, F. Ethel Wickham, Edgar William and Bernice Chrysler Garbisch, and Mrs. F. M. Townsend, by exchange; and John Stewart Kennedy Fund and Bequests of Martha S. Tiedeman and W. Gedney Beatty, by exchange, 1976 (1976.324)
  • 21.6.90
    Bes on a column, Late Period–Ptolemaic Period, 664–30 b.c., Egypt, Bronze Gift of Miss Lily S. Place, 1921 (21.6.90)
  • 41.71.1.7.20
    Various Roman Ionic capitals compared with Greek examples, from Julien-David Le Roy's Les ruines des plus beaux monuments de la Grèce (1758): Plate 20 of Della magnificenza ed architettura de' romani, 1761, Giovanni Battista Piranesi (Italian), Engraving Rogers Fund, 1941 (41.71.1.7.20)
  • 1985.179
    Irregular Column, 1984, John Duff (American), Fiberglass and enamel paint Purchase, Louis and Bessie Adler Foundation, Inc. Gift (Seymour M. Klein, President), 1985 (1985.179)
  • 25.120.398_av2
    The Cuxa Cloister, mid-12th century, French or Spanish; From the Abbey of Saint-Michel-de-Cuxa (modern France), Marble The Cloisters Collection, 1925 (25.120.398,.399,.452)
  • 15.30.67
    The Parthenon, 1871, Frederic Edwin Church (American), Oil on canvas Bequest of Maria DeWitt Jesup, from the collection of her husband, Morris K. Jesup, 1914 (15.30.67)
  • Prayer in the Mosque, 1871, Jean-Léon Gérôme (French), Oil on canvas, Signed (upper right, on beam): J.L. GEROME Catharine Lorillard Wolfe Collection, Bequest of Catharine Lorillard Wolfe, 1887 (87.15.130)
    An Architectural Detail: A Herm Figure Placing or Removing a Column from Under an Entablature (after Stucco Frame by Daniele da Volterra from Orsini Chapel, Santa Trinita dei Monti), 18th century, Anonymous (Italian), Pen and brown ink, brush and gray wash, over graphite The Elisha Whittelsey Collection, The Elisha Whittelsey Fund, 1948 (48.148(11))
    "Capitello" Chair, 1971, Studio 65 (Italian); Gufram, Self-skinning polyurethane foam Purchase, Friends of Twentieth Century Decorative Arts Gifts, by exchange, 2003 (2003.12a, b) © Gufram s.r.l.
    Column surround with pensive woman, Eastern Javanese period, 14th–15th century, Indonesia (Java), Majapahit kingdom, Terracotta Gift of Marie-Hélène and Guy Weill, in memory of William Wolff, 1992 (1992.151)
    Colosseum, mid-16th century, Italian school, Published by Antonio Lafréri (French, active in Rome) From the Metropolitan Museum's copy of the Speculum Romanae magnificentiae (Mirror of Rome's Magnificence), Engraving Harris Brisbane Dick Fund, 1941 (41.72[1.59])
    Ionic capital, torus (foliated base), and parts of a fluted column shaft from the Temple of Artemis at Sardis, 4th century b.c., Greek, Lydian, Marble Gift of The American Society for the Excavation of Sardis, 1926 (26.59.1)
    Column, ca. 1400, Probably made in Veneto, Italy, Limestone (Broccato Rosso di Verona) Gift of Myron and Anabel Taylor Foundation Inc., 1960 (60.116.2a–c)
    Large Figures on the North Porch, Chartres Cathedral, 1852, Henri Le Secq (French), Salted paper print from paper negative Purchase, The Howard Gilman Foundation and Harriette and Noel Levine Gifts, Samuel J. Wagstaff Jr. Bequest, and Rogers Fund, 1990 (1990.1130)
    Lekythos (oil flask) depicting Poseidon pursuing Amymone, ca. 440 b.c.; Red-figure, Attributed to the Phiale Painter, Greek, Attic, Terracotta Rogers Fund, 1917 (17.230.35)
    Evening gown, 1958, Madame Grès (Alix Barton) (French), White silk jersey Gift of Mrs. Leon L. Roos, 1973 (1973.104.2)
    Housepost, late 19th–early 20th century, Auguena village, Santa Ana Island, Solomon Islands, Wood Gift of Dr. Martin and Suzanne Schulman, 1986 (1986.486)
    Pier Table, 1810–15, Joseph B. Barry and Son (American), Northeast, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Mahogany, mahogany veneer, satinwood, amboyna, pine, gilt bronze with yellow poplar Purchase, Friends of the American Wing Fund, Anonymous Gift, George M. Kaufman Gift, Sansbury- Mills Fund; Gifts of the Members of the Committee of the Bertha King Benkard Memorial Fund, Mrs. Russell Sage, Mrs. Frederick Wildman, F. Ethel Wickham, Edgar William and Bernice Chrysler Garbisch, and Mrs. F. M. Townsend, by exchange; and John Stewart Kennedy Fund and Bequests of Martha S. Tiedeman and W. Gedney Beatty, by exchange, 1976 (1976.324)
    Bes on a column, Late Period–Ptolemaic Period, 664–30 b.c., Egypt, Bronze Gift of Miss Lily S. Place, 1921 (21.6.90)
    Various Roman Ionic capitals compared with Greek examples, from Julien-David Le Roy's Les ruines des plus beaux monuments de la Grèce (1758): Plate 20 of Della magnificenza ed architettura de' romani, 1761, Giovanni Battista Piranesi (Italian), Engraving Rogers Fund, 1941 (41.71.1.7.20)
    Irregular Column, 1984, John Duff (American), Fiberglass and enamel paint Purchase, Louis and Bessie Adler Foundation, Inc. Gift (Seymour M. Klein, President), 1985 (1985.179)
    The Cuxa Cloister, mid-12th century, French or Spanish; From the Abbey of Saint-Michel-de-Cuxa (modern France), Marble The Cloisters Collection, 1925 (25.120.398,.399,.452)
    The Parthenon, 1871, Frederic Edwin Church (American), Oil on canvas Bequest of Maria DeWitt Jesup, from the collection of her husband, Morris K. Jesup, 1914 (15.30.67)
    8000–2000 B.C.
    2000–1000 B.C.
    1000 B.C.–1 A.D.
    1–500 A.D.
    500–1000 A.D.
    1000–1400 A.D.
    1400–1600 A.D.
    1600–1800 A.D.
    1800–1900 A.D.
    1900–Present

    Works of art in order of appearance

    Last Updated: August 19, 2013. Not all works of art in the Museum's collection may be on view on a particular day. For the most accurate location information, please check this page on the day of your visit.

    Prayer in the Mosque
    1871
    Jean-Léon Gérôme (French)
    Oil on canvas
    Signed (upper right, on beam): J.L. GEROME
    Catharine Lorillard Wolfe Collection, Bequest of Catharine Lorillard Wolfe, 1887 (87.15.130)
    On view: Gallery 804
    European PaintingsSecond Floor
    An Architectural Detail: A Herm Figure Placing or Removing a Column from Under an Entablature (after Stucco Frame by Daniele da Volterra from Orsini Chapel, Santa Trinita dei Monti)
    18th century
    Anonymous (Italian)
    Pen and brown ink, brush and gray wash, over graphite
    The Elisha Whittelsey Collection, The Elisha Whittelsey Fund, 1948 (48.148(11))
    Not on view
    Drawings and PrintsSecond Floor
    "Capitello" Chair
    1971
    Studio 65 (Italian); Gufram
    Self-skinning polyurethane foam
    Purchase, Friends of Twentieth Century Decorative Arts Gifts, by exchange, 2003 (2003.12a, b)
    © Gufram s.r.l.
    Not on view
    Modern and Contemporary ArtSecond Floor
    Column surround with pensive woman
    Eastern Javanese period, 14th–15th century
    Indonesia (Java), Majapahit kingdom
    Terracotta
    Gift of Marie-Hélène and Guy Weill, in memory of William Wolff, 1992 (1992.151)
    Not on view
    Medieval Art and The CloistersFirst Floor
    Colosseum
    mid-16th century
    Italian school
    Published by Antonio Lafréri (French, active in Rome)
    From the Metropolitan Museum's copy of the Speculum Romanae magnificentiae (Mirror of Rome's Magnificence)
    Engraving
    Harris Brisbane Dick Fund, 1941 (41.72[1.59])
    Not on view
    Drawings and PrintsSecond Floor
    Ionic capital, torus (foliated base), and parts of a fluted column shaft from the Temple of Artemis at Sardis
    4th century b.c.
    Greek, Lydian
    Marble
    Gift of The American Society for the Excavation of Sardis, 1926 (26.59.1)
    On view: Gallery 160
    Greek and Roman ArtFirst Floor and Mezzanine
    Column
    ca. 1400
    Probably made in Veneto, Italy
    Limestone (Broccato Rosso di Verona)
    Gift of Myron and Anabel Taylor Foundation Inc., 1960 (60.116.2a–c)
    On view: Gallery 305
    Medieval Art and The CloistersFirst Floor
    Large Figures on the North Porch, Chartres Cathedral
    1852
    Henri Le Secq (French)
    Salted paper print from paper negative
    Purchase, The Howard Gilman Foundation and Harriette and Noel Levine Gifts, Samuel J. Wagstaff Jr. Bequest, and Rogers Fund, 1990 (1990.1130)
    Not on view
    PhotographsSecond Floor
    Lekythos (oil flask) depicting Poseidon pursuing Amymone
    ca. 440 b.c.; Red-figure
    Attributed to the Phiale Painter
    Greek, Attic
    Terracotta
    Rogers Fund, 1917 (17.230.35)
    On view: Gallery 156
    Greek and Roman ArtFirst Floor and Mezzanine
    Evening gown
    1958
    Madame Grès (Alix Barton) (French)
    White silk jersey
    Gift of Mrs. Leon L. Roos, 1973 (1973.104.2)
    Not on view
    The Costume InstituteFirst Floor
    Housepost
    late 19th–early 20th century
    Auguena village, Santa Ana Island, Solomon Islands
    Wood
    Gift of Dr. Martin and Suzanne Schulman, 1986 (1986.486)
    On view: Gallery 354
    Arts of Africa, Oceania, and the AmericasFirst Floor
    Pier Table
    1810–15
    Joseph B. Barry and Son (American)
    Northeast, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
    Mahogany, mahogany veneer, satinwood, amboyna, pine, gilt bronze with yellow poplar
    Purchase, Friends of the American Wing Fund, Anonymous Gift, George M. Kaufman Gift, Sansbury- Mills Fund; Gifts of the Members of the Committee of the Bertha King Benkard Memorial Fund, Mrs. Russell Sage, Mrs. Frederick Wildman, F. Ethel Wickham, Edgar William and Bernice Chrysler Garbisch, and Mrs. F. M. Townsend, by exchange; and John Stewart Kennedy Fund and Bequests of Martha S. Tiedeman and W. Gedney Beatty, by exchange, 1976 (1976.324)
    On view: Gallery 726
    American Decorative ArtsFirst and Second Floors
    Bes on a column
    Late Period–Ptolemaic Period, 664–30 b.c.
    Egypt
    Bronze
    Gift of Miss Lily S. Place, 1921 (21.6.90)
    On view: Gallery 134
    Egyptian ArtFirst Floor
    Various Roman Ionic capitals compared with Greek examples, from Julien-David Le Roy's Les ruines des plus beaux monuments de la Grèce (1758): Plate 20 of Della magnificenza ed architettura de' romani
    1761
    Giovanni Battista Piranesi (Italian)
    Engraving
    Rogers Fund, 1941 (41.71.1.7.20)
    Not on view
    Drawings and PrintsSecond Floor
    Irregular Column
    1984
    John Duff (American)
    Fiberglass and enamel paint
    Purchase, Louis and Bessie Adler Foundation, Inc. Gift (Seymour M. Klein, President), 1985 (1985.179)
    Not on view
    Modern and Contemporary ArtSecond Floor
    The Cuxa Cloister
    mid-12th century
    French or Spanish; From the Abbey of Saint-Michel-de-Cuxa (modern France)
    Marble
    The Cloisters Collection, 1925 (25.120.398,.399,.452)
    Not on view

    Medieval Art and The Cloisters
    The Cloisters at Fort Tryon Park
    The Parthenon
    1871
    Frederic Edwin Church (American)
    Oil on canvas
    Bequest of Maria DeWitt Jesup, from the collection of her husband, Morris K. Jesup, 1914 (15.30.67)
    Not on view
    American Paintings and SculptureFirst and Second Floors

    © 2011 The Metropolitan Museum of Art