Pierre Matisse

Balthus (Balthasar Klossowski) (French, Paris 1908–2001 Rossinière )

Oil on canvas
51 1/4 x 35 in. (130.2 x 88.9 cm)
Credit Line:
The Pierre and Maria-Gaetana Matisse Collection, 2002
Accession Number:
Rights and Reproduction:
  • Signatures, Inscriptions, and Markings

    Signature: Signed, L.L.: Balthus 1938

  • Provenance

    Pierre Matisse, New York (gift of the artist, 1938-his d. 1989; lost for a time and found in 1991); his widow, Maria-Gaetana Matisse, née von Spreti, New York (1991-her d. 2001); Pierre and Maria-Gaetana Matisse Foundation (2002; gift to MMA)

  • Exhibition History

    "Années 30 en Europe: Le Temps Menaçant 1929-1939," Musée d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris, February 20-May 25, 1997, exh. cat. by Suzanne Pagé and Aline Vidal, preface by Suzanne Pagé, essays by Fabio Benzi, Carel Blotkamp, Gladys Fabre, et. al., no. VI-6, ill. p. 518;

    "Balthus Remembered," The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, March 27-May 27, 2001, exh. by Sabine Rewald, no cat.;

    "Balthus," Palazzo Grassi, Venice, September 9, 2001-January 6, 2002, exh. cat. by Jean Clair, with essays by Jean Clair, Sabine Rewald, Robert Kopp, Sylvia Colle-Lorant, Xing Xiaozhou, Annick Lemoine, James Lord, Raymond Mason, Giorgio Soavi, Sandro Manzo, and catalogue by Virginie Monnier, no. 56, pp. 258-9, ill.;

    "Pierre Matisse and His Artists," The Pierpont Morgan Library, New York, February 14- May 19, 2002, exh. cat. by William M. Griswold and Jennifer Tonkovich, foreword by Charles E. Pierce, Jr., introduction by William M. Griswold, chronology by Alessandra Carnielli and Margaret Loudon, pp. 76-77, no. 26, color ill.;

    "The Pierre and Maria-Gaetana Matisse Collection," Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, exh. in three parts, May 18, 2004-June 26, 2005, no cat. (see MMA Bulletin 2004);

    "Pierre Matisse passeur passionné: Un marchand d'art et ses artistes," The Mona Bismarck Foundation, Paris, Oct. 20, 2005-January 14, 2006, exh. cat. edited by Pierre Schneider, essays by Pierre Schneider, Paul Matisse, Sabine Rewald, Isabelle Monod-Fontaine, and Jacques Dupin, pp. 93 (ill.), 190;

    "La Colección Pierre & Maria-Gaetana Matisse en The Metropolitan Museum of Art, Nueva York / The Pierre & Maria-Gaetana Matisse Collection at The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York," Museo Picasso, Malaga, March 26-June 24, 2007, exh. cat. edited by Bernardo Laniado-Romero, texts by Pierre Schneider and Jonathan Pascoe Pratt, ill. p. 96 no. 1, pp. 48, 154, 155.

    Martigny, Switzerland: Fondation Pierre Gianadda, June 13-November 19, 2008.
    Exposition Balthus, pg. 119, cat. 44.

  • References

    Anonymous, "57th Street - a tight bottleneck for art in the United States," Fortune Magazine, vol. 34, no. 3 (September 1946), ill. p. 148;

    Jean Leymarie, Balthus (New York & Geneva 1979, 1982, and 1990), ill. p. 126;

    Gérard Régnier, ed., Balthus, exh. cat. (Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris, and Metropolitan Museum, New York, 1983-4), no. 49, ill., p. 347 ("L'Oeuvre peint de Balthus");

    Jean Clair and Virginie Monnier, Balthus: Catalogue raisonné de l'Oeuvre complet (Paris 1999), no. P 114, p. 135, ill.; and German edition (Munich 2000), no. P114, ill.;

    John Russell, Matisse: Father and Son (New York 1999), ill. facing p. 288;

    Jean Clair, ed., Balthus, exh. cat. (Palazzo Grassi, Venice, 2001-2), p. 486;

    Hilton Kramer, "Matisse Collection at Morgan Library Best Show in Town" (review of Morgan New York 2002) New York Observer (February 24, 2002), p. 1.

    E. N., "Let's Not Make a Deal" (review of New York 2002), New York Magazine (February 25, 2002), ill. p. 82;

    Sabine Rewald, "Recent Acquisitions: A Selection, 2002-2003," The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, vol. 61, no. 2 (Fall 2003), p. 41, ill.;

    Magdalena Dabrowski, William S. Lieberman, and Sabine Rewald, "Selections from the Pierre and Maria-Gaetana Matisse Collection," The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 61, no. 4 (Spring 2004), pp. 8-9, ill.;

    Holland Cotter, "Matisse the Son, Illuminating His father's Legacy" (review of MMA 2004), New York Times (May 14, 2004) p. E28, ill.;

    David Minthorn, "Met Unveils Gifts from Matisse Son," Deseret News (Salt Lake City), May 23, 2004;

    Hilton Kramer, "Dealer Pierre Matisse, Henri's Collector Son, Shown at Metropolitan," New York Observer (June 13, 2004), p. 1.

    Louise Nicholson, "A Man of Infinite Taste: The Met has Bagged a Major Treasure in the Pierre Matisse Collection," Apollo (October 2004), p. 85.

    Sabine Rewald. "Matisse's Drawing of Shchukin: A Gift to The Metropolitan Museum of Art." Burlington Magazine 147 (March 2005), p. 187, fig. 50 (color).

    Sabine Rewald in The American Matisse: The Dealer, His Artists, His Collection. The Pierre and Maria-Gaetana Matisse Collection (New York, 2009), pp. 26-27, 149, ill.

  • See also
    In the Museum
    Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History