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Odalisque with Gray Trousers

Henri Matisse (French, Le Cateau-Cambrésis 1869–1954 Nice)

Date:
1927
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
25 5/8 x 32 in. (65.1 x 81.3 cm)
Classification:
Paintings
Credit Line:
The Walter H. and Leonore Annenberg Collection, Gift of Walter H. and Leonore Annenberg, 1997, Bequest of Walter H. Annenberg, 2002
Accession Number:
1997.400
Rights and Reproduction:
© 2011 Succession H. Matisse / Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York
  • Description

    Notwithstanding their kinship with earlier works by Ingres and Delacroix, the harem pictures Matisse made in Nice, such as this odalisque of 1927, had a more practical basis. As Matisse explained: "I paint odalisques in order to paint the nude. Otherwise, how is the nude to be painted without being artificial? But also, I know they exist. I was in Morocco. I saw them."

  • Signatures, Inscriptions, and Markings

    Inscription: Signed (lower right): Henri Matisse

  • Provenance

    the artist (1927-50; sold in autumn 1950 to Sam Salz, probably as an intermediary for Haupt); Mr. and Mrs. Ira Haupt, New York (by 1951-his d. 1963); Mrs. Ira (Enid A.) Haupt, New York (1963-83; sold in 1983 to Annenberg); her brother and his wife, Walter H. and Leonore Annenberg, Rancho Mirage, California (1983-97; jointly with MMA, 1997-his d. 2002; his bequest to MMA)

  • Exhibition History

    London. Victoria and Albert Museum. "Exhibition of Paintings by Picasso and Matisse," December 1945, no. 7 (as "Odalisque à la culotte grise," lent by the artist).

    New York. The Museum of Modern Art. "Henri Matisse," November 13, 1951–January 13, 1952, no. 61 (as "Reclining Odalisque," lent by Mr. and Mrs. Ira Haupt, New York).

    Cleveland Museum of Art. "Henri Matisse," February 5–March 16, 1952, no. 61.

    Art Institute of Chicago. "Henri Matisse," April 1–May 4, 1952, no. 61.

    San Francisco Museum of Art. "Henri Matisse," May 22–July 6, 1952, no. 61.

    Philadelphia Museum of Art. "Masterpieces of Impressionism & Post-Impressionism: The Annenberg Collection," May 21–September 17, 1989, unnumbered cat. (as "Odalisque with Gray Trousers").

    Washington. National Gallery of Art. "Masterpieces of Impressionism & Post-Impressionism: The Annenberg Collection," May 6–August 5, 1990, unnumbered cat.

    Los Angeles County Museum of Art. "Masterpieces of Impressionism & Post-Impressionism: The Annenberg Collection," August 16–November 11, 1990, unnumbered cat.

    New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Masterpieces of Impressionism & Post-Impressionism: The Annenberg Collection," June 4–October 13, 1991, unnumbered cat.

    New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Matisse, His Art and His Textiles: The Fabric of Dreams," June 23–September 25, 2005, no. 28 (as "Odalisque with Grey Culottes").

  • References

    Exhibition of Paintings by Picasso and Matisse. Exh. cat., Victoria and Albert Museum, London., 1945, unpaginated, no. 7.

    Jean Cassou. Matisse. London, 1948, pp. 12, 14, colorpl. 5.

    Henri Matisse. Exh. cat., The Museum of Modern Art. New York, 1951, p. 10, no. 61.

    André Lejard. Matisse. 2nd ed. [1st ed., 1948]. Paris, [1952], unpaginated, no. 7, ill.

    Raymond Escholier, with introduction and notes on illustrations by R. H. Wilenski. Matisse: A Portrait of the Artist and the Man. New York, 1960, p. 13, colorpl. E.

    Susan Lambert. Matisse Lithographs. Exh. cat., Victoria and Albert Museum. London, 1972, p. 72 under no. 47.

    Dominique Fourcade and Isabelle Monod-Fontaine. Henri Matisse: Dessins et sculpture. Exh. cat., Centre Georges Pompidou, Musee National d'Art Moderne. Paris, 1975, p. 118 under no. 76.

    Marguerite Duthuit-Matisse and Claude Duthuit. Henri Matisse: Catalogue raisonné de l'œuvre gravé, établi avec la collaboration de Françoise Garnaud. Paris, 1983, vol. 2, p. 100 under no. 504.

    Catherine Barnett. "A Very Private View: Inside Walter Annenberg's Personal Paradise." Art & Antiques 6 (March 1989), pp. 7, 94–95, 100, ill. (color, overall and detail).

    Jérôme Coignard. "Le Salon de peinture de Mr. et Mrs. Annenberg." Beaux Arts, no. 92 (July–August 1991), p. 65.

    Mark Rosenthal in Masterpieces of Impressionism & Post-Impressionism: The Annenberg Collection. Eds. Colin B. Bailey, Joseph J. Rishel, and Mark Rosenthal. Exh. cat., Philadelphia Museum of Art. Philadelphia, 1991, pp. 120–21, 207–8, ill. (color and bw).

    Guy-Patrice and Michel Dauberville. Matisse: Henri Matisse chez Bernheim-Jeune. Paris, 1995, vol. 2, pp. 1272–73, no. 675, ill.

    Sabine Rewald in "Recent Acquisitions: A Selection, 1997–1998." Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 56 (Autumn 1998), pp. 5, 62, ill. (color).

    Pierre Schneider. Matisse. rev. ed. [English ed., 1984]. Paris, 2002, p. 527 [probably this work].

    Kathleen Brunner in Matisse, His Art and His Textiles: The Fabric of Dreams. Exh. cat., Musée Matisse, Le Cateau-Cambrésis. London, 2004, pp. 184–85, no. 28, ill. p. 118 (color).

    Mark Rosenthal in Masterpieces of Impressionism and Post-Impressionism: The Annenberg Collection. Eds. Susan Alyson Stein and Asher Ethan Miller. 4th rev. ed. [1st ed., 1989]. New York, 2009, pp. 273–75, no. 51, ill. (color).

  • See also
486920

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