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Saints Christopher, Eustace, and Erasmus (Three Helper Saints)

Tilman Riemenschneider (German, 1460–1531)

Date:
ca. 1500–1505
Geography:
Made in Würzburg, Germany
Culture:
German
Medium:
Limewood
Dimensions:
Overall: 21 x 13 x 4 3/4 in. (53.3 x 33 x 12.1 cm)
Classification:
Sculpture-Wood
Credit Line:
The Cloisters Collection, 1961
Accession Number:
61.86
  • Description

    The figures in this relief represent three of the fourteen Helper Saints, who have been venerated as a group since the early 1300s and became particularly popular in the south of Germany after 1446, when they appeared in a vision to a shepherd in Upper Franconia. Represented is Saint Christopher carrying the Christ child; Saint Eustace, a general in Trajan's army who converted to Christianity; and Saint Erasmus, a Syrian bishop in episcopal regalia. The figures are carved from a single piece of limewood with an added piece to give additional depth to Saint Christopher. The overlapping of figures allowed the three or four groups to be joined with no apparent seam and also create a sense of greater depth. The meticulous carving and small scale suggest that the original group was an independent relief in a niche or a shrine. Although Saint Christopher looks to the left, the general movement of the figures is to the right indicating that this piece was originally at the left side of the relief. The finely carved details and the decorative punch work, all of which would have been obscured by a layer of paint, are evidence that the sculpture was never intended to be painted.

  • Provenance

    Lord Delamere , United Kingdom ; Dr. George Saint (d. 1957) , Cheadle, Staffordshire (by 1951) ; Mary Saint , Cheadle, Staffordshire (1957-1960) ; [ Sotheby's, London (sold October 14, 1960)] ; [ Rosenberg & Stiebel , New York (sold 1961)]

  • See also
470273:7

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