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Chalice of Peter of Sassoferrato

Date:
ca. 1341–42
Geography:
Made in Siena, Italy
Culture:
Italian
Medium:
Silver-gilt, translucent enamels
Dimensions:
Overall: 8 7/16 x 5 7/8 in. (21.7 x 14.9 cm) Base: 5 7/8in. (14.9cm)
Classification:
Metalwork-Silver
Credit Line:
The Cloisters Collection, 1988
Accession Number:
1988.67
  • Description

    The opulent strength of this chalice is achieved through a balance of the richly colored and exquisitely drawn enamels with the finely worked silver-gilt leaf forms and moldings. On the base are the Crucifixion, the Virgin, and Sts. John the Evangelist, Louis of Toulouse, John the Baptist, and Anthony of Padua (?). Seraphim decorate the spandrels and collar above. On the knop are Sts. Michael, Francis, Mary Magdalene (?), Catherine of Alexandria (?), and Elizabeth of Hungary (?). The inscription refers to the donor, Brother Peter of the Penitentiary, and the town of Sassoferrato in Umbria (Marche) and warns that the chalice should not be sold or destroyed. Brother Peter was appointed to the Sacred Order of the Penitentiary by Pope Benedict XII in December 1341. The cup is a replacement, perhaps of the 15th century.

  • Signatures, Inscriptions, and Markings

    Inscription: (on the stem above the knop): + FRA/T(R)IS P/ETRI PENIT/ENTI/ARII + /DOMI/NI PA/PE ); (on the stem below the knop) + LOCI SAS/SIFERATI/NON VEN/DATVR/NEC DI/STRATVR

  • Provenance

    From the Franciscan Church of Sassoferrato; Friedrich Moritz Gontard , Frankfurt (by 1875) ; Richard von Passavant-Gontard , Frankfurt (in 1929) ; [ S. J. Phillips Ltd. , London (reportedly before 1939–1988) ]

  • See also
    What
    Where
    When
    In the Museum
    Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History
    MetPublications
469910

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