Quantcast

Bouquet of Sunflowers

Claude Monet (French, Paris 1840–1926 Giverny)

Date:
1881
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
39 3/4 x 32 in. (101 x 81.3 cm)
Classification:
Paintings
Credit Line:
H. O. Havemeyer Collection, Bequest of Mrs. H. O. Havemeyer, 1929
Accession Number:
29.100.107
  • Gallery Label

    In November 1888, Van Gogh wrote: "Gauguin was telling me the other day—that he’d seen a painting by Claude Monet of sunflowers in a large Japanese vase, very fine. But—he likes mine better. I’m not of that opinion." Critics had earlier praised the "brio and daring" of Monet’s technique when he showed this still life, depicting sunflowers that grew along the pathway to his garden at Vétheuil, at the 1882 Impressionist exhibition. 

  • Signatures, Inscriptions, and Markings

    Inscription: Signed and dated (upper right): Claude Monet 81

  • Provenance

    [Durand-Ruel, Paris, 1881–86; bought from the artist on October 30, 1881; stock no. 1959; sold in 1886 to Kingman]; Alden Wyman Kingman, New York (1886–?1892; sold to Durand-Ruel]; Catholina Lambert, Paterson, N.J. (1892?–1899; sold to Durand-Ruel); [Durand-Ruel, New York, 1899; stock no. 2120; sold on March 10, 1899 to Havemeyer]; Mr. and Mrs. H. O. Havemeyer, New York (1899–his d. 1907); Mrs. H. O. (Louisine W.) Havemeyer, New York (1907–d. 1929; cat., 1931, p. 154)

  • Exhibition History

    Paris. Salons du panorama de Reischoffen. "7me exposition des artistes indépendants [7th Impressionist exhibition]," ?March 1–31, 1882, no. 78 (as "Bouquet de soleils").

    Paris. Durand-Ruel. "Exposition des Oeuvres de Claude Monet," March 1–25, 1883, no. 14 (as "Bouquet de soleils," lent by M. Durand-Ruel).

    Brussels. Palais des Beaux-Arts. "Troisième exposition annuelle des XX," February 6–March 7, 1886, no. 7 (as "Soleils," lent by Durand-Ruel).

    New York. National Academy of Design. "Works in Oil and Pastel by the Impressionists of Paris," May 25–June 30, 1886, no. 293.

    New York. Union League Club. "Paintings by Old Masters, and Modern Foreign and American Painters, together with an Exhibition of the Work of Claude Monet the Impressionist," February 12–14, 1891, no. 48 (lent by A. W. Kingman).

    New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "The H. O. Havemeyer Collection," March 10–November 2, 1930, no. 83 [2nd ed., 1958, no. 176].

    Newark Museum. "Flower Paintings by European Masters of the 19th and 20th Centuries," May 16–June 25, 1950, no. 9.

    Richmond. Virginia Museum of Fine Arts. "Paintings by the Impressionists and Post-Impressionists," October 20–November 19, 1950, unnum. checklist.

    New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Art Treasures of the Metropolitan," November 7, 1952–September 7, 1953, no. 146.

    City Art Museum of St. Louis. "Claude Monet," September 25–October 22, 1957, no. 47.

    Minneapolis Institute of Arts. "Claude Monet," November 1–December 1, 1957, no. 47.

    New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Impressionism: A Centenary Exhibition," December 12, 1974–February 10, 1975, not in catalogue.

    Leningrad [St. Petersburg]. State Hermitage Museum. "100 Paintings from the Metropolitan Museum," May 22–July 27, 1975, no. 68.

    Moscow. State Pushkin Museum. "100 Paintings from the Metropolitan Museum," August 28–November 2, 1975, no. 68.

    Washington. National Gallery of Art. "The New Painting: Impressionism 1874–1886," January 17–April 6, 1986, no. 123 (as "Bouquet de soleils").

    San Francisco. M. H. de Young Memorial Museum. "The New Painting: Impressionism 1874–1886," April 19–July 6, 1986, no. 123 (as "Bouquet de soleils").

    Amsterdam. Rijksmuseum Vincent Van Gogh. "Franse meesters uit het Metropolitan Museum of Art: Realisten en Impressionisten," March 15–May 31, 1987, no. 23.

    New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Splendid Legacy: The Havemeyer Collection," March 27–June 20, 1993, no. A399.

    Paris. Musée d'Orsay. "La collection Havemeyer: Quand l'Amérique découvrait l'impressionnisme...," October 20, 1997–January 18, 1998, no. 29.

    Moscow. State Pushkin Museum. "Claude Monet," November 26, 2001–February 10, 2002, no. 19 (as "Bouquet de soleils").

    St. Petersburg. State Hermitage Museum. "Claude Monet," March 1–May 15, 2002, no. 19 (as "Bouquet de soleils").

    Kunsthaus Zürich. "Monet's Garden," October 29, 2004–March 13, 2005, no. 23.

    Martigny. Fondation Pierre Gianadda. "The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York: Chefs-d'œuvre de la peinture européenne," June 23–November 12, 2006, no. 46.

    Barcelona. Museu Nacional d'Art de Catalunya. "Grandes maestros de la pintura europea de The Metropolitan Museum of Art, Nueva York: De El Greco a Cézanne," December 1, 2006–March 4, 2007, no. 38.

    Berlin. Neue Nationalgalerie. "Französische Meisterwerke des 19.Jahrhunderts aus dem Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York," June 1–October 7, 2007, unnumbered cat.

    Lisbon. Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation. "A Perspectiva das Coisas. A Natureza-Morta na Europa," October 20, 2011–January 8, 2012, no. 16.

  • References

    Gustave Geffroy. "Chronique—Cl. Monet." La Justice (March 15, 1883), p. 2 [see Ref. Wildenstein 1974].

    "The French Impressionist Pictures." New York Mail and Express (May 24, 1886) [see Ref. Wildenstein 1974].

    Vincent van Gogh. Letter to his brother Theo. [on or about November 19, 1888] [Van Gogh Museum, Amsterdam, inv. nos. b610 a–b V/1962; pub. in. Van Gogh Letters 1958, letter no. 563 (as Dec. 1888); Van Gogh Letters 2009, letter no. 721], writes that "Gauguin was telling me the other day—that he'd seen a painting by Claude Monet of sunflowers in a large Japanese vase, very fine. But—he likes mine better".

    P. H. "L'Exposition de Monet à l'Union League Club, New York." L'Art dans les Deux Mondes no. 15 (February 28, 1891), p. 173.

    Madeleine Octave Maus. Trente années de lutte pour l'art: 1884–1914. Brussels, 1926, p. 43 n. 2.

    "Havemeyer Collection at Metropolitan Museum: Havemeyers Paid Small Sums for Masterpieces." Art News 28 (March 15, 1930), p. 35.

    Frank Jewett Mather Jr. "The Havemeyer Pictures." The Arts 16 (March 1930), p. 481.

    H. O. Havemeyer Collection: Catalogue of Paintings, Prints, Sculpture and Objects of Art. n.p., 1931, p. 154.

    Stephen Gwynn. Claude Monet and His Garden: The Story of an Artist's Paradise. New York, 1934, p. 168.

    George Besson. Claude Monet (1840–1926). Paris, [194–], pl. 38.

    Oscar Reuterswärd. Monet. Stockholm, 1948, p. 280.

    William C. Seitz in Claude Monet. Exh. cat., City Art Museum of St. Louis. Minneapolis, 1957, pp. 26–27, no. 47, ill., comments on its relationship to Van Gogh's later pictures of the same subject.

    Vincent van Gogh. The Complete Letters of Vincent van Gogh with Reproductions of All the Drawings in the Correspondence. Greenwich, Conn., 1958, vol. 3, p. 108, under letter no. 563, dates letter to December 1888; but see Van Gogh Letters 2009, letter no. 721.

    William C. Seitz. Claude Monet. New York, [1960], pp. 114–15, ill. (color), calls it the finest of Monet's flower studies, seeing in it the same new emotional expressiveness displayed in his pictures of floating ice.

    Luigina Rossi Bortolatto. L'opera completa di Claude Monet, 1870–1889. Milan, 1966, pp. 102–3, no. 224, ill.

    Charles Sterling and Margaretta M. Salinger. "XIX–XX Centuries." French Paintings: A Catalogue of the Collection of The Metropolitan Museum of Art. 3, New York, 1967, pp. 132–33, ill.

    Konrad Hoffmann. "Zu van Goghs Sonnenblumenbildern." Zeitschrift für Kunstgeschichte 31 (1968), pp. 28–30, fig. 2, relates it to Van Gogh's later works depicting the same subject.

    Margaretta M. Salinger. "Windows Open to Nature." Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 27 (Summer 1968), unpaginated, ill.

    Douglas Cooper. "The Monets in the Metropolitan Museum." Metropolitan Museum Journal 3 (1970), pp. 292–93, 296–97, 302–3, 305, fig. 13, calls it one of the artist's "major achievements in the genre and one of the most spectacular Monets in the Metropolitan's collection".

    Mark Roskill. Van Gogh, Gauguin, and the Impressionist Circle. Greenwich, Conn., 1970, pp. 41, 295, pl. 9, compares it to Gauguin's "Basket of Flowers" of about 1884 (Mr. and Mrs. William Coxe Wright collection, Philadelphia).

    John Rewald. "The Impressionist Brush." Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 32, no. 3 (1973/1974), ill. p. 56 and on back cover (color detail).

    Daniel Wildenstein. "1840–1881: Peintures." Claude Monet: Biographie et catalogue raisonné. 1, Lausanne, 1974, pp. 382–83, no. 628, ill., dates it 1880.

    Robert Rosenblum. Modern Painting and the Northern Romantic Tradition. New York, [1975], pp. 86–87, fig. 114, contrasts it to one of Van Gogh's pictures of sunflowers (Tate Gallery, London).

    Daniel Wildenstein. "1882–1886: Peintures." Claude Monet: Biographie et catalogue raisonné. 2, Lausanne, 1979, p. 13, n. 145, p. 44, n. 465, p. 47, n. 484.

    Robert Gordon and Andrew Forge. Monet. New York, 1983, pp. 215, 293, ill.

    Frances Weitzenhoffer. "The Earliest American Collectors of Monet." Aspects of Monet. New York, 1984, pp. 82–83.

    Charles S. Moffett. Impressionist and Post-Impressionist Paintings in The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 1985, pp. 130–31, 252, ill. (color, overall and detail).

    Joel Isaacson in The New Painting: Impressionism 1874–1886. Exh. cat., National Gallery of Art, Washington. San Francisco, 1986, pp. 394–95, 405, no. 123, ill. (color), dates it 1880–81.

    Frances Weitzenhoffer. The Havemeyers: Impressionism Comes to America. New York, 1986, pp. 135, 256.

    Sjraar van Heutgen et al. in Franse meesters uit het Metropolitan Museum of Art: Realisten en Impressionisten. Exh. cat., Rijksmuseum Vincent van Gogh, Amsterdam. Zwolle, The Netherlands, 1987, pp. 17, 21, 23, 72–73, no. 23, ill. (color and black and white).

    Gary Tinterow et al. "Modern Europe." The Metropolitan Museum of Art. 8, New York, 1987, pp. 8, 33, colorpl. 17.

    Monet by Himself. London, 1989, ill. p. 96 (color).

    Karin Sagner-Düchting. Claude Monet, 1840–1926: Ein Fest für die Augen. Cologne, 1990, p. 109, ill. p. 110 (color).

    Gary Tinterow. "Miracle au Met." Connaissance des arts no. 472 (June 1991), p. 36.

    William R. Johnston. "Alfred Sisley and Early Interest in Impressionism in America, 1865–1913." Alfred Sisley. Exh. cat., Royal Academy of Arts, London. New Haven, 1992, ill. p. 60 [French ed., "Sisley," Paris, 1992, ill. p. 68], reproduces an 1896 photograph showing this picture hanging on the top balcony of the Grand Art Hall in Catholina Lambert's Belle Vista castle.

    Virginia Spate. Claude Monet: Life and Work. New York, 1992, p. 151, ill.

    Virginia Spate. "Confronting the Sun, Vincent Van Gogh and Claude Monet 1888–91." Van Gogh, The Songlines of Legend. Melbourne, [1993], pp. 51–52.

    Susan Alyson Stein in Splendid Legacy: The Havemeyer Collection. Exh. cat., The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 1993, p. 226.

    Gary Tinterow in Splendid Legacy: The Havemeyer Collection. Exh. cat., The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 1993, p. 33, colorpl. 38.

    Gretchen Wold in Splendid Legacy: The Havemeyer Collection. Exh. cat., The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 1993, pp. 363–64, no. A399, ill.

    Daniel Wildenstein. "Catalogue raisonné–Werkverzeichnis: Nos. 1–968." Monet. 2, 2nd ed. Cologne, 1996, pp. 239–40, no. 628, ill. (color).

    Caroline Durand-Ruel. "Quand les Havemeyers aimaient la peinture française." Connaissance des arts no. 544 (November 1997), p. 108.

    Susan Alyson Stein in La collection Havemeyer: Quand l'Amérique découvrait l'impressionnisme. Exh. cat., Musée d'Orsay. Paris, 1997, p. 19.

    Gary Tinterow in La collection Havemeyer: Quand l'Amérique découvrait l'impressionnisme. Exh. cat., Musée d'Orsay. Paris, 1997, pp. 57, 62–63, no. 29, ill. p. 64 (color).

    Matthias Arnold. Claude Monet. Hamburg, 1998, ill. p. 85.

    David Joel. Monet at Vétheuil and on the Norman Coast, 1878–1883. Woodbridge, England, 2002, p. 109, ill. p. 108 (color), notes that the flowers depicted are a smaller variety of sunflower called "soleil" in French and "helianthus chrysanthemum" in England.

    Richard Shone. The Janice H. Levin Collection of French Art. Exh. cat., The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 2002, p. 65.

    Mary Anne Stevens in Alfred Sisley: Poète de l'impressionnisme. Exh. cat., Musée des Beaux-Arts, Lyons. Paris, 2002, pp. 84, 353, fig. 41.

    Shôko Kobayashi in Van Gogh and Flowers. Exh. cat., Seiji Togo Memorial Sompo Japan Museum of Art. [Tokyo], 2003, p. 56, fig. 1.

    Christoph Becker et al. Monet's Garden. Exh. cat., Kunsthaus Zürich. Ostfildern-Ruit, Germany, 2004, pp. 40–41, 196, no. 23, ill. (color) [German ed., "Monets Garten," Ostfildern-Ruit, 2004].

    Katharine Baetjer in The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York: Chefs-d'œuvre de la peinture européenne. Exh. cat., Fondation Pierre Gianadda. Martigny, 2006, p. 18 [Catalan ed., Barcelona, 2006, p. 18].

    Kathryn Calley Galitz in The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York: Chefs-d'œuvre de la peinture européenne. Exh. cat., Fondation Pierre Gianadda. Martigny, 2006, pp. 238–40, no. 46, ill. (color) [Catalan ed., Barcelona, 2006, pp. 130–31, no. 38, ill. (color)].

    Kathryn Calley Galitz in Masterpieces of European Painting, 1800–1920, in The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 2007, pp. 141, 283, no. 130, ill. (color and black and white).

    Eric M. Zafran in Claude Monet (1840–1926): A Tribute to Daniel Wildenstein and Katia Granoff. Exh. cat., Wildenstein & Co., Inc. New York, 2007, pp. 84, 92, 96, fig. 16 (installation photograph of The Grand Art Hall, Belle Vista Castle, Paterson, NJ home of Catholina Lambert, in 1896), notes that Kingman purchased it from Durand-Ruel at the 1886 Impressionist show in New York.

    Louis van Tilborgh. Van Gogh and the Sunflowers. Amsterdam, 2008, p. 31, fig. 26 (color).

    Vincent van Gogh. Vincent van Gogh—The Letters. London, 2009, vol. 4, p. 362, fig. 5 (color), under letter no. 721.



  • See also
437112

Close