Harry B. Wehle. "The Exhibition of the H. O. Havemeyer Collection." Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 25 (March 1930), p. 55.
H. O. Havemeyer Collection: Catalogue of Paintings, Prints, Sculpture and Objects of Art. n.p., 1931, p. 89, call it "Marine—The Waterspout" and misread the inscribed date as 76.
R. H. Wile[n]ski. French Painting. Boston, 1931, p. 224, dates it 1876.
Louisine W. Havemeyer. Sixteen to Sixty: Memoirs of a Collector. New York, 1961, p. 195, calls it "La Trombe" and lists it among her "minor Courbets".
Charles Sterling and Margaretta M. Salinger. "XIX Century." French Paintings: A Catalogue of the Collection of The Metropolitan Museum of Art. 2, New York, 1966, pp. 131–32, ill., state that although it is dated 1870, it was probably painted in 1869 in Étretat; mention two earlier paintings of a waterspout dated 1866 and 1867.
Robert Fernier. "Peintures, 1866–1877." La vie et l'oeuvre de Gustave Courbet. 2, Lausanne, 1978, p. 112, no. 756, ill. p. 113, as "La Jetée, marine à la vague"; dates it 1870.
Prof. Dr. Peter-Klaus Schuster in Courbet und Deutschland. Exh. cat., Hamburger Kunsthalle. Cologne, 1978, pp. 295–97, no. 283, ill., calls it "Die Wasserhose (La trombe)"; suggests precedents for Courbet's seascapes in late Romantic artists such as Bonington and Isabey; suggests that Courbet started this work in 1869 and finished it in 1870.
Pierre Courthion. L'opera completa di Courbet. Milan, 1985, p. 115, no. 745, ill., dates it 1870.
Ann Dumas in Sarah Faunce and Linda Nochlin. Courbet Reconsidered. Exh. cat., Brooklyn Museum. Brooklyn, 1988, p. 161, under no. 52, discusses it among four other paintings of a waterspout (1866, Philadelphia Museum of Art, F595; private collection, Japan, F604; 1870, Musée des Beaux-Arts, Dijon, F753; and 1870, formerly Knoedler, New York, F757).
Klaus Herding. Courbet: To Venture Independence. New Haven, 1991, pp. 167–68, 250 n. 25, notes that contemporary caricaturists criticized the "emptiness" of this composition.
Louisine W. Havemeyer. Sixteen to Sixty: Memoirs of a Collector. 3rd ed. [1st ed. 1930, repr. 1961]. New York, 1993, pp. 195, 328 n. 256, p. 330 n. 275.
Susan Alyson Stein in Splendid Legacy: The Havemeyer Collection. Exh. cat., The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 1993, pp. 261, 286, pl. 257.
Gretchen Wold in Splendid Legacy: The Havemeyer Collection. Exh. cat., The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 1993, p. 318, no. A152, ill.