Environs of Fontainebleau: Woodland and Cattle

Auguste-François Bonheur (French, Bordeaux 1824–1884 Bellevue)

Oil on canvas
104 1/2 x 157 1/4 in. (265.4 x 399.4 cm)
Credit Line:
Gift of James Clinch Smith and his sisters, in memory of their mother, 1890
Accession Number:
  • Signatures, Inscriptions, and Markings

    Inscription: Signed (lower left): Auguste Bonheur

  • Provenance

    Alexander T. Stewart, New York (until d. 1876; bought from the artist); his widow, Cornelia M. Stewart, New York (1876–d. 1886; her estate sale, American Art Association, New York, March 24, 1887, no. 142, as "Environs of Fontainebleau (Woodland Cattle)," for $17,800 to Smith); Mrs. J. Lawrence (Sarah N.) Smith, New York (1887–d. 1890); her son, James Clinch Smith, and his sisters, New York (1890; their gift to MMA)

  • Exhibition History

    Paris. Salon. May 1–?, 1866, no. 203 (as "Le dormoir; arrivée du troupeau," possibly this picture).

  • References

    Charles Blanc. "Salon de 1866 (2e et dernier article)." Gazette des beaux-arts 21 (July 1866), p. 48 [possibly this picture], as "Dormoir".

    Marc de Montifaud. "Salon de 1866, I." L'Artiste, 8ème sér., 9 (May 15, 1866), p. 171 [possibly this picture].

    Edmond About. Salon de 1866. Paris, 1867, pp. 271–72 [possibly this picture].

    Cicerone. "Private Galleries: Collection of the Estate of Alexander Turney Stewart. III." Art Amateur (September 1879), p. 74, calls it "Cattle at Fontainebleau" and considers it the masterpiece of Bonheur's life; compares it to Rosa Bonheur's "Horse Fair" (MMA 87.25), noting that "the brother's work is far superior to the sister's in landscape sentiment, expression of atmosphere, and subtle rendering of soft and difficult textures".

    Cicerone. "Private Galleries: I. Collection of the Estate of Alexander Turney Stewart." Art Amateur 1 (June 1879), p. 6, calls it "Cattle in the Fontainebleau Forest".

    The Art Treasures of America. reprint, 1977. New York, 1879, vol. 1, pp. 23, 48, 52, calls it "Cattle in the Forest of Fontainebleau" in the text and "Fontainebleau. Landscape and Cattle" in the list of works in Mrs. Stewart's collection.

    "Prices of the Pictures: Second Night of the Stewart Sale." New York Times (March 25, 1887), p. 5, notes that it sold for $17,800 to Mrs. J. Lawrence Smith at the Stewart sale.

    "The Metropolitan Museum of Art—The French Painters." New York Times (May 22, 1895), p. 4.

    Arthur Hoeber. The Treasures of The Metropolitan Museum of Art of New York. New York, 1899, p. 86.

  • See also
    In the Museum
    Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History