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Saint Tarcisius

Alexandre Falguière (French, 1831–1900)

Date:
ca. 1868
Culture:
French, Paris
Medium:
Marble
Dimensions:
Overall (confirmed): H. 23 1/2 x W. 52 x D. 20 in. (59.7 x 132.1 x 50.8 cm)
Classification:
Sculpture
Credit Line:
European Sculpture and Decorative Arts Fund, 2007
Accession Number:
2007.407
  • Description

    Investigations into early Christianity constantly renourished Roman Catholicism in the nineteenth century. A bestselling novel by the Irish-born cardinal Nicholas Patrick Wiseman, "Fabiola, or the Church of the Catacombs" (1854), widely translated, was Alexander Falguière's immediate source. In the novel, the teenage acolyte Tarcisius is conveying the Host along the Appian Way when he is confronted by pagan playmates who order him to reveal it. He refuses and they stone him. Here the fallen martyr exhibits a bloodied forehead as well as an expression of beatific rapture as he clutches the holy wafer in his arms, faithful to the end. The fatal paving stones lie at his elbow. A photograph in the Musée Rodin, Paris, shows how Falguière blocked out the pose using a live model, aged about fifteen, covered by massive drapery instead of a tunic and soft boots. The first marble, in the Musée d'Orsay, Paris, is dated 1868. In this second marble Falguière seems to have defied the marble's hardness to create instead a semblance almost of immateriality.

  • Signatures, Inscriptions, and Markings

    Signature: Signed on top of base at front right corner: A. Falguiere

    Inscription: On top of base: TARCISIVM . SANCTVM . CHRISTI . SACRAMENTA . GERENTEM . CVM . MALESA . NA [sic: male sana] . MANVS PETERET . VVLGARE . PROFANIS . IPSE . ANIMAM . POTIVS . VOLVIT . DIMITTERE . CAESVS . PRODERE . QVAM . CANIBVS . RABIDIS . COELESTIA . MEMBRA . [“While Saint Tarcisius was carrying the Blessed Sacrament of Christ, a band of thugs demanded that he relinquish it into their profane hands. However, thrown to the ground, he preferred to give up his own life rather than relinquish the celestial body to enraged dogs.”]

  • Provenance

    Alexandre Falguière (until d.1900) ; by descent, wife of Alexandre Falguière (1900–1907; her estate sale, Georges Petit, Paris, May 14–15, 1907, no. 8); Emile Laffon (1838–1931) ; Baron Henri de Rothschild , Château de La Muette, Paris ; duc de Trévise , Château de Sceaux ; by descent, the marquis de Vibraye , Château de Cheverny, Loir-et-Cher ; [ Charles Janoray, LLC , New York (until 2007; sold to MMA) ]

  • See also
    Who
    What
    Where
    When
    In the Museum
    Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History
    MetPublications
236068

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