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Armor

Kunz Lochner (German, Nuremberg, 1510–1567)

Date:
dated 1548
Geography:
Nuremberg
Culture:
German, Nuremberg
Medium:
Etched steel, leather, copper alloy, textile
Dimensions:
Approximate Wt., 56 lb. (25.4 kg)
Classification:
Armor for Man
Credit Line:
Bashford Dean Memorial Collection, Gift of Mrs. Bashford Dean, 1929
Accession Number:
29.151.2
  • Description

    Kunz Lochner was one of the few Nuremberg armorers of the mid-sixteenth century to achieve an international reputation. His patrons included the Holy Roman Emperor, the dukes of Saxony, and the king of Poland. This man's armor bears the mark of Nuremberg; Lochner's personal mark, a rampant lion; and the date 1548. The armor was originally part of a small garniture that included exchange elements for field and tournament use. Restorations include the cuirass and the gauntlets.

    An associated horse armor also in the Metropolitan Museum's collection (acc. no. 32.69) bears only the Nuremberg mark but can be attributed to Lochner on stylistic grounds. The elaborately embossed and etched decoration of the peytral (chest defense) includes an abbreviated inscription that may be interpreted: 1548 K[rist] I[ch] T[rau] G[anz] V[nd] G[ar] H[ans] E[rnst] H[erzog] Z[u] Sachsen (1548 In Christ I trust wholly, Hans [Johann] Ernst, Duke of Saxony). Duke Johann Ernst (1521–1553) may have commissioned the horse armor for his attendance at the Diet of Augsburg, a political assembly of the German nobility called in 1548 by Charles V to deal with the crisis of the Reformation.

  • Signatures, Inscriptions, and Markings

    Marking: On the helmet: traces of the Nuremberg mark on the ventail;

    On the gorget: Nuremberg and Kunz Lochner marks on the front plate; also an N within a pearled border on the interior;

    On the right pauldron (shoulder defense): traces of the Nuremberg and Kunz Lochner marks on the upper lame; also an N within a pearled border on the interior;

    On the left pauldron (shoulder defense): Kunz Lochner mark on the upper lame; also an N within a pearled border on the interior;

    On the arm defenses: traces of the Nuremberg and Kunz Lochner marks on the upper lames.

  • Provenance

    Ex. coll.: Princes of Liechtenstein.

  • See also
    Who
    What
    Where
    When
    In the Museum
    Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History
    MetPublications
23198

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