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Side table (commode servante or commode desserte)

Jean Henri Riesener (French, Gladebeck, near Hessen 1734–1806 Paris)

Date:
ca. 1790
Culture:
French, Paris
Medium:
Oak, pine, mahogany, and mahogany veneer; gilt-bronze mounts; Carrara marble top and shelf
Dimensions:
H. 36 in. (91.4 cm.), W. 44-5/8 in. (113.3 cm.), D. 16-1/4 in. (41.3 cm.)
Classification:
Woodwork-Furniture
Credit Line:
Gift of Mr. and Mrs. Charles Wrightsman, 1977
Accession Number:
1977.102.8
  • Description

    Known in French as a commode servante or commode desserte, this type of side table appears to have been born out of an increasing desire for privacy during the eighteenth century. Clean plates and the dessert course would be placed on the marble shelves, allowing the owner and his guests to dine without the presence of servants.

    Stamped by Jean-Henri Riesener, this sideboard is one of several closely related pieces. The mahogany serves as a beautiful background for the giltbronze mounts in the form of almost lacelike ivy tendrils spiraling up the slender legs and scrolling foliage on the drawer fronts. Printed labels pasted underneath the table indicate that it was formerly at the Anichkov Palace in Saint Petersburg, where it is thought to have belonged to Empress Maria Feodorovna (1847–1928 ). As wife and later dowager empress of Alexander III (1845–1894 ), she lived in the palace from about 1866, the year of her marriage, until the Revolution of 1917. The table was among the French artworks acquired by the dealer Joseph Duveen during his visit to Soviet Russia. A nearly identical table, also with a Russian provenance, is in the collection of the Huntington Library, Art Collections, and Botanical Gardens, San Marino.

  • Signatures, Inscriptions, and Markings

    Signature: Stamped on top of carcass under marble at back to right: J.H. RIESENER [Jean Henri Riesener, 1734–1806]

    Inscription: Stenciled beneath marble at back to right: J.H. RIESENER; stenciled beneath upper stage of table with [inventory number] 1837 (three times) and with letters CEBD and bearing two labels in Cyrillic script [translated "The Anitchkov Palace, Blue Room/of Her Highness/No. 1837, French table" and "The Town Museum (Moscow) Historical Treasures from the Anitchkov Palace No. 2008"]; painted, at back to right of center, with [inventory mark] No. 4.96.2; table also bears, at back, circular paper label printed with German eagle and around edge with REICHSFINANZVERWALTUNG.

  • Provenance

    Empress Maria Feodorovna , Anichkov Palace, St. Petersburg, Russia ; Charles and Jayne Wrightsman (until 1977; to MMA)

  • See also
    Who
    What
    Where
    When
    In the Museum
    Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History
    MetPublications
206604

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