Fernand Léger. Letter to Léonce Rosenberg. [February 24, 1918] [published in Ref. Derouet 1996, p. 26, no. 18], asks Rosenberg to see his latest paintings [Ref. Derouet 1996 identifies this painting among them].
Jean Bazaine. Fernand Léger: Peintures antérieures à 1940. Exh. cat., Galerie Louis Carré. Paris, 1945, ill. p. 13, as "Le Marinier".
William Rubin. Three Generations of Twentieth-Century Art: The Sidney and Harriet Janis Collection of The Museum of Modern Art. New York, 1972, p. 6, calls it "Sailor"; relates it to "The Bargeman" in the Museum of Modern Art, New York, dating the latter to March 1918 (Bauquier 1990, no. 132).
"The Sale Room." Apollo 100 (October 1974), p. 345, ill., notes that it sold at Christie's on July 1 [sic], 1974 for £84,000.
John Herbert, ed. Christie's Review of the Season 1974. London, 1974, ill. p. 145 (color).
Geraldine Norman. "Cézanne, Renoir and Monet Unsold in Erratic Bidding." Times (July 3, 1974), p. 2, notes that it sold to Acquavella at Christie's on July 2, 1974.
Angelica Zander Rudenstine. The Guggenheim Museum Collection: Paintings 1880–1945. Vol. 2, New York, 1976, p. 468.
François Daulte. "Beauté, mon beau souci: à propos d'une exposition à la Galerie Daniel Malingue." L'Œil no. 299 (June 1980), p. 48, ill. (color).
Sabine Rewald in Twentieth-Century Modern Masters: The Jacques and Natasha Gelman Collection. Ed. William S. Lieberman. Exh. cat., The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 1989, pp. 151–53, 302, ill. (color and bw), notes that Léger worked on this picture at the hospital in Villepinte while recovering from war injuries [Léger was at Villepinte from March 14–May 31, 1918; see "Fernand Léger," ex. cat., Museum of Modern Art, New York, 1998, p. 265]; mentions the MoMA version (Bauquier 1990, no. 132) and two similar paintings of tugboats (1918; Wallraf-Richartz Museum, Cologne and private collection; Bauquier 1990, nos. 129, 130, illustrating studies for both subjects (1917; Kunstmuseum Bern and private collection).
Georges Bauquier assisté de Nelly Maillard. Fernand Léger: Catalogue raisonné. Vol. 1, 1903–1919. Paris, 1990, pp. 236–37, no. 131, ill. (color), calls it "Le Marinier".
Christian Derouet, ed. Correspondances Fernand Léger–Léonce Rosenberg, 1917–1937. Paris, 1996, p. 26, no. 18, n. 1, p. 34, no. 32, n. 1, p. 67, no. 65, n. 4, p. 260, identifies it among recent paintings that Léger invites Rosenberg to see [Ref. Léger 1918]; publishes Rosenberg invoice and inventory stating that this work was painted in March 1918 and purchased from Léger on March 7, 1918; on different pages, identifies no. 92 in Exh. Geneva 1920 as this painting and the MoMA version.