"Explication des ouvrages de peintures, sculpture, gravure, lithographie et architecture des artistes vivants étrangers et français." Exposition Universelle de 1855. Exh. cat., Palais des Beaux-Arts. Paris, 1855, p. 353, no. 3375, dates it 1820.
Henri Delaborde. Ingres: Sa vie, ses travaux, sa doctrine. Paris, 1870, p. 178, calls it a study for "Christ Delivering the Keys to Saint Peter" (W132; Musée Ingres, Montauban); notes that M. Moitessier owned it.
Georges Wildenstein. The Paintings of J. A. D. Ingres. 1st ed. 1954, pp. 190–91, no. 137, fig. 80, calls it "Head of St. John," private collection, Paris; notes that this painting is identical to one which was exhibited in 1867 by the Société des Amis des Beaux-Arts de Bordeaux.
Georges Wildenstein. The Paintings of J. A. D. Ingres. 2nd revised ed. London, 1956, pp. 190–91, no. 137, fig. 80.
Ettore Camesasca in L'opera completa di Ingres. Milan, 1968, pp. 100–101, no. 104i, ill., illustrates it with four other studies for the final painting.
Daniel Ternois. Ingres. Milan, 1980, p. 179, no. 153, ill., as in a private collection, Paris.
Gary Tinterow in Recent Acquisitions: A Selection, 1985–1986. New York, 1986, pp. 33–34, ill., dates it 1818–20; states that Raphael's influence is evident in "the synthesis of ideal expression and naturalistic description"; theorizes that the two different weaves of canvas can be explained by assuming that Ingres first painted the subject on a fine linen, decided to redo the hands, cut away the head and glued it to a panel, and then painted new hands and borders on a coarser canvas which had also been glued to the panel.
Eighty Years of French Painting: From Louis XVI to the Second Republic. Exh. cat., Stair Sainty Matthiesen. New York, 1991, pp. 52, 54.
Éric Bertin. "Les peintures d'Ingres expositions et ventes publiques du vivant de l'artiste." Bulletin du Musée Ingres no. 67–68 (1995), p. 106, states that according to J. Hollender, this painting was in the collection of Prosper Crabbe in 1866.
Georges Vigne. Ingres. New York, 1995, pp. 326, 332, no. 105i, publishes Ingres's Cahier IX where this work is mentioned as one of "4 tetes d'etude d'apotre".
Dominique Dussol. Art et bourgeoisie: La société des amis des arts de Bordeaux (1851–1939). Bordeaux, 1997, p. 263.
Georges Vigne. Invitation no. 2: Les clés du ciel ou de la gloire (1999), pp. 4, 13–14, no. 9, ill. (color).
Asher Ethan Miller. "The Path of Nature: French Paintings from the Wheelock Whitney Collection, 1785–1850." Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 70 (Winter 2013), p. 48 n. 28.