From Egypt, Eastern Delta, Qantir (Piramesse), Palace of Ramesses II
Purchase, Rogers Fund, Edward S. Harkness Gift and by exchange, 1922, 1929, 1935
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 122
This tile once decorated the palace of Ramesses II in Piramesse, which he made into one of the greatest royal cities of ancient Egypt. Thanks to the royal favor and its strategic location, Piramesse soon became an important international trade center and a cosmopolitan metropolis, boasting a harbor, a military base, and temples dedicated to various gods like Amun-Re-Horakhti-Atum, Seth, Astarte, etc. Poems were written in the city's praise, and its name, which translates as "The House of Ramesses, Beloved of Amun, Great of Victories" when fully written, came to us through the Old Testament as ‘Raamses.’ The tiles bear the names of Seti I, Ramesses II and later Ramesside kings, who renovated the palace and changed its decoration through the reigns. New tiles were made, and the old tiles may be have been dismantled and buried together. Based on the tiles, we can still reconstruct quite a number of the features of the palace that are now completely lost, including throne podiums, steps, windows of appearance, and faience sculptures. This fragment of lion paw may belong to a composite statue (see 35.1. 23), which shows a lion sitting on his haunches with the head of a foreigner in his mouth. Such statues probably functioned as newel posts at the bottom of the stairways mounting up to the platform of the throne dais.
Many of the tile fragments from el-Qantir were purchased in Cairo, 1922 and 1929; others were excavated for the Egyptian Antiquities Service by Mahmud Hamza in 1928 and were acquired from the Egyptian Museum, Cairo by exchange in 1934.