Art/ Collection/ Art Object

Ritual Scene with Senwosret I

Period:
Middle Kingdom
Dynasty:
Dynasty 12
Reign:
reign of Senwosret I
Date:
ca. 1961–1917 B.C.
Geography:
From Egypt, Memphite Region, Lisht South, Pyramid Temple of Senwosret I, MMA excavations
Medium:
Limestone, paint
Dimensions:
h. 46 cm (18 1/4 in); w. 80 cm (31 1/2 in); th. 7.6 cm (3 in)
Credit Line:
Rogers Fund and Edward S. Harkness Gift, 1914
Accession Number:
14.3.6
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 110
In a number of chambers within the pyramid temple, the king was depicted as the recipient of a variety of ritual actions designed to renew and strengthen his reign both in this world and in the afterlife. Here, the king is shown receiving a wish for a reign of millions of years, represented by the notched palm frond behind him. One or more deities, who have not been preserved, would have stood in front of and behind the king. The elongated head, which narrows at the top, the short thick lips, the small simplified eye, and the high placement of the compact ear are all stylistic characteristics found in relief decoration of the time of Senwosret I. They are combined here to create a strikingly personalized image of the king.

The eye and the uraeus cobra were chiseled out by workmen who removed this block from its setting in antiquity, when the entire temple was demolished to obtain stone for later buildings. The demolition crew clearly feared the power of the image of the long dead Senwosret.
Excavated by the Egyptian Expedition of the Metropolitan Museum of Art at Lisht, 1913-1914. Acquired by the Museum in the division of finds, 1914. Excavated by the Egyptian Expedition of the Metropolitan Museum of Art. Acquired by the Museum in the division of finds

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