Art/ Collection/ Art Object
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Figure of an Asian captive, perhaps from a piece of furniture

Period:
New Kingdom, Ramesside
Dynasty:
Dynasty 19–20
Date:
ca. 1295–1070 B.C.
Geography:
From Egypt
Medium:
Ivory, red and pink pigment, white ground
Dimensions:
H. 11. 8 cm (4 5/8 in), w. 4.2 cm (1 5/8 in), Th. 0.4 cm (1/4 in)
Credit Line:
Purchase, Fletcher Fund and The Guide Foundation Inc. Gift, 1966
Accession Number:
66.99.50
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 124
This ivory depicts a fettered captive. His pointed beard, facial creases, and elaborately patterned garment clearly mark him as an Asiatic. He is standing with bent legs, the lower body shown in profile facing top his left, the upper body and face in frontal view. Egyptian representations of captives often show the upper body in profile with arms bound together in back. Because the upper body of this captive is presented frontally, the arms are pulled into a curious position over the head so that they remain visible. Fetters are usually wound around the elbows, but in this case they tie wrists to shoulders.
In ancient Egypt, foreigners were a symbol of chaotic and evil forces threatening maat, world order and justice. It was the duty of the king to maintain maat. To portray a foreigner as a bound prisoner not only served to demonstrate the victory over such forces by the king; it was also symbolical reassurance that these threatening forces were defeated and controlled. In the New Kingdom, bound Asiatics were often depicted on the king’s throne together with bound Nubians. The extension at the top and the bar at the bottom of this figure demonstrate that it was originally part of another object, perhaps one in a row of fettered captives that embellished a piece of furniture–a wooden chair or footstool.
Purchased by Albert Gallatin for his collection from Spink & Son, London, July 1954. Gallatin Collection purchased by the Museum, 1966.

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