Art/ Collection/ Art Object
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Stela of the Overseer of the Fortress Intef

Period:
Middle Kingdom
Dynasty:
Dynasty 11
Reign:
Seankhkare Mentuhotep III
Date:
ca. 2000–1988 B.C.
Geography:
From Egypt
Medium:
Limestone
Dimensions:
H. 78 cm ( 30 11/16 in); W. 142 cm (55 7/8 in); D. 7.5-8.5 cm (3-3 3/8 in)
Credit Line:
Harris Brisbane Dick Fund, 1957
Accession Number:
57.95
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 107
On its top ledge, this stela proclaims the name of King Nebhepetre Mentuhotep II (ca. 2051–2000 B.C.), the founder of the Middle Kingdom. In the same line, the stela's owner, Intef, refers to himself as "his (the king's) servant." Intef also recounts that he was overseer of a fortress and served in the region of Herakleopolis, the capital city of the minor kings who ruled northern Egypt before the country's reunification under Mentuhotep II. Mentuhotep II could only have appointed an official there after having eliminated the last of these rulers during his reunification of Egypt (around 2021 B.C.)
Purchased by the Museum from Ernst Kofler, Lucerne, 1957. With Mahmoud Mohassib previously in 1947-48, and with that family by 1938 when text of stela was copied by Ludwig Keimer.

Arnold, Dorothea 2015. "Stela of the Overseer of the Fortress Intef." In Ancient Egypt Transformed: The Middle Kingdom, edited by Adela Oppenheim, Dorothea Arnold, Dieter Arnold, and Kei Yamamoto. New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art, pp. 58–60, no. 10.

Kamrin, Janice 2015. "The Decoration of Elite Tombs: Connecting the Living and the Dead." In Ancient Egypt Transformed: The Middle Kingdom, edited by Adela Oppenheim, Dorothea Arnold, Dieter Arnold, and Kei Yamamoto. New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art, p. 28.

Grajetzki, Wolfram 2015. "The Pharaoh's Subjects: Court and Provinces." In Ancient Egypt Transformed: The Middle Kingdom, edited by Adela Oppenheim, Dorothea Arnold, Dieter Arnold, and Kei Yamamoto. New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art, p. 123.

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