Art/ Collection/ Collection/ Art Object
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Stela of the Gatekeeper Maati

Period:
First Intermediate Period
Dynasty:
Dynasty 11
Reign:
reign of Mentuhotep II, early
Date:
ca. 2051–2030 B.C.
Geography:
From Egypt, Upper Egypt, Thebes; Probably from Tarif
Medium:
Limestone
Dimensions:
L: 59 cm (23 1/4 in.), H: 36.3 cm (14 5/16 in.), D: 8 cm (3 1/8 in.)
Credit Line:
Rogers Fund, 1914
Accession Number:
14.2.7
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 104
Maati is shown seated in front of the offering table with a jar for the sacred oil in his left hand. The text on this masterpiece of early Middle Kingdom relief art contains references to other figures of the time-such as Maati's overseer, the treasurer Bebi, who later became a vizier, and an ancestor of the ruling family called Intef "the Great"-demonstrating the close ties that bound rulers and followers together in the Theban society of the time.
Purchased from Mohammed Mohassib in Luxor, 1914.

Winlock, Herbert E. 1915. "The Theban Necropolis in the Middle Kingdom." In American Journal of Semitic Languages, Vol. 32, No. 1 (October), p. 15.

Freed, Rita 2015. "Stela of the Gatekeeper Maaty." In Ancient Egypt Transformed: The Middle Kingdom, edited by Adela Oppenheim, Dorothea Arnold, Dieter Arnold, and Kei Yamamoto. New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art, pp. 43–44, no. 2.

Kamrin, Janice 2015. "The Decoration of Elite Tombs: Connecting the Living and the Dead." In Ancient Egypt Transformed: The Middle Kingdom, edited by Adela Oppenheim, Dorothea Arnold, Dieter Arnold, and Kei Yamamoto. New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art, p. 28.

Yamamoto, Kei 2015. "The Art of the Stela." In Ancient Egypt Transformed: The Middle Kingdom, edited by Adela Oppenheim, Dorothea Arnold, Dieter Arnold, and Kei Yamamoto. New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art, p. 34.

Arnold, Dieter and Dorothea Arnold 2015. "A New Start from the South: Thebes during the Eleventh Dynasty." In Ancient Egypt Transformed: The Middle Kingdom, edited by Adela Oppenheim, Dorothea Arnold, Dieter Arnold, and Kei Yamamoto. New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art, p. 41.

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