Art/ Collection/ Art Object

Accordion

Date:
1870–80
Geography:
Russia
Culture:
Russian
Medium:
Various materials
Dimensions:
Depth: 5 cm, Width (closed): 9.5 cm (3-3/4 in.), Height: 18.5 cm (7-3/8 in.)
Classification:
Aerophone-Free Reed-concertina / accordion
Credit Line:
The Crosby Brown Collection of Musical Instruments, 1889
Accession Number:
89.4.1308
Not on view
Russia has a strong hand harmonica tradition, that of the garmonika, which comprises not only the accordion but also a variety of
other types. Among them is the tscherepaschka, a small hand harmonica with the setup of the very early Viennese accordions, furnished with five to seven keys and with bass, chord, and air-release buttons. The instrument shown here—a semiklapanka (with seven keys)—is pitched in A (sounding g-sharp) and has the tonal system corresponding to the accordion to the left. One difference, however, is that the lowest note sounds at suction. The tscherepaschka was popular in Russia toward the end of the nineteenth century but fell out of use in the twentieth.
Marking: (pencilled inside in several places) 2 (and) 92
Mary Elizabeth Adams Brown ; Sarah Emma Frishmuth
Catalogue of the Crosby Brown Collection of Musical Instruments: Historical Groups, Gallery 39. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 1905, pg. 62.



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