In 1689 the Kangxi emperor (r. 1662 – 1722), a Manchu whose forebears had conquered China in 1644, made a grand tour to consolidate his authority over southern China. The renowned landscapist Wang Hui was commissioned to record the journey in a series of twelve oversize handscrolls. This scroll, the third in the set, highlights the emperor’s visit to Mount Tai, China’s “Sacred Peak of the East.” Although Wang based his design on maps and woodblock prints — he never visited the mountain — he also connected specific sites with imaginary landscape passages inspired by classical precedents and employed a traditional “blue-and-green” palette to underscore the emperor’s beneficent rule.
Inscription: No Artist’s inscription, signature, or seal
Site names inscribed on the painting
Unidentified artist, 6 columns in standard script, undated:
Ji'nan Prefecture City 濟南府城 Kaishan Temple 開山廟 Zhangxia 章夏 Mount Tai 泰山 Tai’an Township 泰安州 Mengyin District 蒙陰縣
Unidentified artist, 1 column in standard script (affixed to the brocade flap), undated:
Unidentified artist, 8 columns in standard script, undated: