Art/ Collection/ Collection/ Art Object

Reclining Odalisque

Artist:
Henri Matisse (French, Le Cateau-Cambrésis 1869–1954 Nice)
Date:
1926
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
15 1/8 x 21 5/8 in. (38.4 x 54.9 cm)
Classification:
Paintings
Credit Line:
Bequest of Miss Adelaide Milton de Groot (1876-1967), 1967
Accession Number:
67.187.82
Rights and Reproduction:
© 2016 Succession H. Matisse / Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York
Not on view
This work belongs to a group of paintings from the mid-1920s in which Matisse recalled his experiences in Morocco in 1912 and 1913. During these visits, the painter, like so many tourists before him, witnessed harems and became fascinated with their apparent blend of exoticism and eroticism. Showing a recumbent and seminude woman in a luxurious, inviting, and brightly patterned interior, Reclining Odalisque radiates with an outsider’s rapturous fantasies about the cultural and sexual liberation associated with Morocco.
Inscription: Signed (lower left): Henri Matisse
[Valentine Gallery, New York, in half shares with Pierre Matisse, by 1930–31; stock no. 291, sold on January 12, 1931, as "Odalisque," 1927, for $11,000, to Soby]; James Thrall Soby, West Hartford, Conn. (1931; returned on October 26, 1931, for $11,000 credit, to Valentine); [Valentine Gallery, New York, in half shares with Pierre Matisse, 1931–34; sold on June 1, 1934, for $6,000, to de Groot]; Adelaide Milton de Groot, New York (1934–d. 1967; on loan to MMA, 1936; her bequest to MMA)

New York. Valentine Gallery. "Twenty Paintings by Henri Matisse," November 23–December 19, 1936, no. 16 (as "Odalisque," 1926) [possibly this picture].

Hartford, Conn. Wadsworth Atheneum. "Twentieth Century Painting from Three Cities," October 19–December 4, 1955, no. 33 (as "Odalisque," ca. 1925, lent by Adelaide M. de Groot through The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, N.Y.).

New York. Perls Galleries. "Masterpieces from the Collection of Adelaide Milton de Groot," April 14–May 3, 1958, no. 15 (as "Odalisque," 1923).

Columbus Gallery of Fine Arts. "Masterpieces from the Adelaide Milton de Groot Collection," December 2, 1958–March 1, 1959, no. 24 (as "Odalisque," 1923).

New York. Acquavella Galleries, Inc. "Henri Matisse," November 2–December 1, 1973, no. 30 (as "Odalisque," 1923).

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "The 10s, the 20s, the 30s: Inventive Clothes, 1909–1939," December 13, 1973–September 3, 1974, not in catalogue.

National Museum of Modern Art, Kyoto. "Inventive Clothes, 1909–1939," March 25–May 25, 1975.

Bellingham, Wash. Whatcom Museum of History and Art. "5000 Years of Art: An Exhibition from the Collections of The Metropolitan Museum of Art," December 4, 1976–October 2, 1977, no. 77 (as "Odalisque").

Paris. Institut du Monde Arabe. "Le Maroc de Matisse," October 19, 1999–January 30, 2000, no. 56 (as "Odalisque allongée").

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Painters in Paris: 1895–1950," March 8–December 31, 2000, extended to January 14, 2001, unnumbered cat. (p. 47; as "Reclining Odalisque").

Kyoto Municipal Museum of Art. "Picasso and the School of Paris: Paintings from The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York," September 14–November 24, 2002, no. 49 (as "Reclining Odalisque").

Tokyo. Bunkamura Museum of Art. "Picasso and the School of Paris: Paintings from The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York," December 7, 2002–March 9, 2003, no. 49.

Le Cateau-Cambrésis. Musée Matisse. "Matisse, His Art and His Textiles: The Fabric of Dreams," October 23, 2004–January 25, 2005, no. 23 (as "Reclining Odalisque").

London. Royal Academy of Arts. "Matisse, His Art and His Textiles: The Fabric of Dreams," March 5–May 30, 2005, no. 23.

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Matisse, His Art and His Textiles: The Fabric of Dreams," June 23–September 25, 2005, no. 23.

Granada. The Alhambra, Palace of Charles V. "Matisse and the Alhambra, 1910-2010," October 15, 2010–February 28, 2011, no. 22 (as "Recumbent Odalisque").

Brisbane. Queensland Art Gallery. Gallery of Modern Art. "Matisse: Drawing Life," December 3, 2011–March 4, 2012, no. 296.

Copenhagen. Statens Museum for Kunst. "Matisse—fordobling og variation," July 14–October 28, 2012, no. 49.

Ferrara. Palazzo dei Diamanti. "Matisse, la figura. La forza della linea, l'emozione del colore," February 22–June 15, 2014, no. 44.

G. J. Gros. "Henri Matisse." Cahiers d'art 2, nos. 7–8 (1927), ill. p. 274, dates it 1927.

Florent Fels. Henri-Matisse. Paris, 1929, ill. p. 43 (color), as "Odalisque sur fond rouge".

"The Art Market." Creative Art 7 (November 1930), ill. p. sup-66, locates it at the Valentine Gallery.

R[iichiro]. Kawashima. Matisse. Tokyo, 1936, unpaginated, ill. (color), dates it 1928.

Harry B. Wehle. "A Loan of Paintings." Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 31 (October 1936), p. 209, notes that this work is currently on view in the MMA galleries, lent by an anonymous collector.

"Three French Artists." New York Times (November 29, 1936), p. X9 [possibly this painting].

James Thrall Soby. "Genesis of a Collection." Art in America 49, no. 1 (1961), p. 69, states that in 1931 and 1932 he bought a total of seven Matisses from the 1920s, often trading one for another, and eventually selling them all, adding "sometimes I regret having sold the Matisses".

Thomas Schlotterback. 5000 Years of Art: An Exhibition from the Collections of The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Exh. cat., Whatcom Museum of History and Art. Bellingham, Wash., 1976, p. 105, no. 77, ill., dates it about 1924.

Guy-Patrice and Michel Dauberville. Matisse: Henri Matisse chez Bernheim-Jeune. Paris, 1995, vol. 2, pp. 1282–83, no. 680, ill., as "Odalisque couchée, draperie losange, les deux bras sous la tête"; note that it was photographed by Bernheim-Jeune in October 1927.

Isabelle Monod-Fontaine in Le Maroc de Matisse. Exh. cat., Institut du Monde Arabe. [Paris], 1999, pp. 136–37, no. 56, ill. (color), dates it 1926–27.

Pierre Schneider. Matisse. Rev. ed. (English ed., 1984). Paris, 2002, p. 527, as "Odalisque," 1923.

William S. Lieberman in Picasso and the School of Paris: Paintings from The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York. Exh. cat., Kyoto Municipal Museum of Art. [Tokyo], 2002, pp. 92, 167, no. 49, ill. p. 107 (color).

Kathleen Brunner in Matisse, His Art and His Textiles: The Fabric of Dreams. Exh. cat., Musée Matisse, Le Cateau-Cambrésis. London, 2004, p. 184, no. 23, ill. p. 113 (color).

Maria del Mar Villafranca Jiménez in Matisse and the Alhambra, 1910–2010. Exh. cat., The Alhambra, Palace of Charles V. [Granada], 2010, pp. 120–21, 240, no. 22, ill. (color).

Isabelle Monod-Fontaine in Matisse: In Search of True Painting. Ed. Dorthe Aagesen and Rebecca Rabinow. Exh. cat., The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 2012, pp. 131–32, 134, 191 n. 3, no. 49, ill. (color), lists it among a series of at least four other odalisques with similar motifs, including "Odalisque in Gray Harem Pants" (1926–27; Musée de l'Orangerie, Paris), "Odalisque with Green Sash" (1926; Baltimore Museum of Art), "Reclining Odalisque, Green Harem Pants, Blue Sash" (1927; Henry Ford II Collection), and "Reclining Nude Seen from the Back" (1927; private collection).

Christel Hollevoet-Force and Mary Chan in Matisse: In Search of True Painting. Ed. Dorthe Aagesen and Rebecca Rabinow. Exh. cat., The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 2012, p. 218.

Maria Luisa Pacelli et al. Matisse, la figura. La forza della linea, l'emozione del colore. Exh. cat., Palazzo dei Diamanti. Ferrara, 2014, p. 151, no. 44, ill. p. 159 (color).



Related Objects

Large Irène Vignier

Artist: Henri Matisse (French, Le Cateau-Cambrésis 1869–1954 Nice) Date: 1914 Medium: Etching on chine collé Accession: 29.89.35 On view in:Not on view

Irène, with two braids

Artist: Henri Matisse (French, Le Cateau-Cambrésis 1869–1954 Nice) Date: 1914 Medium: Etching on chine collé Accession: 29.89.23 On view in:Not on view

Outamaro

Artist: Henri Matisse (French, Le Cateau-Cambrésis 1869–1954 Nice) Date: 1914 Medium: Etching Accession: 29.89.7 On view in:Not on view

Mlle Landsberg (large plate)

Artist: Henri Matisse (French, Le Cateau-Cambrésis 1869–1954 Nice) Date: 1914 Medium: Etching on chine collé Accession: 29.89.9 On view in:Not on view

Standing figure, head down

Artist: Henri Matisse (French, Le Cateau-Cambrésis 1869–1954 Nice) Date: 1914 Medium: Etching on chine collé Accession: 29.89.5 On view in:Not on view