Andy Warhol (American, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 1928–1987 New York)
Acrylic and silkscreen on canvas
80 x 80 in. (203.2 x 203.2 cm)
Purchase, Mrs. Vera G. List Gift, 1987
Not on view
Of all the Pop artists who emerged in New York and on the international scene in the early 1960s, none is more famous or more typifies the movement than Andy Warhol. Although he had a traditional art education at Carnegie Institute of Technology in Pittsburgh, as a young man in the 1950s he supported himself doing commercial art in New York. About 1959 he decided to concentrate his energies on painting, calling upon both his formal training and commercial experience in his new work.
Warhol purposely sought an alternative to the emotionally charged paintings of the Abstract Expressionists by adopting a commercial, hands-off approach to art. His aim was to demystify art by making it look as if anyone could have done it. To this end, he borrowed images from American popular culture and celebrated ordinary consumer goods, such as Brillo pads, Campbell's soup cans, and Coca-Cola bottles, as well as media and political personalities, including Marilyn Monroe and Mao Zedong. He featured them in individually colored serial paintings and prints that relied on commercial silkscreening techniques for reproduction.
After the early 1960s his most frequent subjects were the famous people he knew, and occasionally he was his own subject. In this eerie, premonitory self-portrait, produced just a few months before his death in February 1987, Warhol appears as a haunting, disembodied mask. His head floats in a dark black void and his face and hair are ghostly pale, covered in a militaristic camouflage pattern of green, gray, and black.
Inscription: Signed and dated (on canvas edge): Andy Warhol 86
[Anthony d'Offay Gallery, London, 1986–87; purchased in 1986 from the artist; sold to MMA]
Düsseldorf. Kunstsammlung Nordrhein-Westfalen. "Ich ist etwas Anderes. Kunst am Ende des 20. Jahrhunderts," February 19–June 12, 2000, no. 186.
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Looking At You," January 26–September 30, 2001, no catalogue.
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Regarding Warhol: Sixty Artists, Fifty Years," September 10–December 31, 2012, no. 50.
Pittsburgh. Andy Warhol Museum. "Regarding Warhol: Sixty Artists, Fifty Years," February 4–April 28, 2013, no. 50.
Lisa M. Messinger in "Twentieth Century Art." Recent Acquisitions: A Selection, 1987–1988. New York, 1988, p. 65, ill., calls it "Last Self-Portrait" in the caption and "Self-Portrait" in the text.
Mark Rosenthal inRegarding Warhol: Sixty Artists, Fifty Years. Exh. cat., The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 2012, p. 289, no. 50, ill. p. 87 (color).