Art/ Collection/ Art Object

Madonna

Artist:
Salvador Dalí (Spanish, Figueres 1904–1989 Figueres)
Date:
1958
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
88 7/8 × 75 1/4 in. (225.7 × 191.1 cm)
Classification:
Paintings
Credit Line:
Gift of Drue Heinz, in memory of Henry J. Heinz II, 1987
Accession Number:
1987.465
Rights and Reproduction:
© 2017 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York
Not on view
Dalí's penchant for optical illusion and veiled iconography are evident in this painting. As seen from a distance, a rendition of Raphael's Sistine Madonna (after 1513; Gemäldegalerie Dresden) is situated within a gargantuan ear-a reference to the Passion of Christ. From close range, it is an abstract work composed of countless particle-like gray and pink dots, reflecting the artist's interest in nuclear physics.
Inscription: Signed and dated (center left): Dali 1958
[Carstairs Gallery, New York, in 1958]; Mr. and Mrs. Henry J. Heinz II, New York (by 1963–his d. 1987); Drue Heinz, New York (1987; her gift to MMA)

New York. Carstairs Gallery. "Salvador Dalí," December 1958–January 1959, no. 1.

New York. D'Arcy Galleries. "International Surrealist Exhibition," November 28, 1960–January 14, 1961, no. 32 (as "L’oreille anti–matiére").

Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada. Beaverbrook Art Gallery. "Dunn International: An Exhibition of Contemporary Painting Sponsored by the Sir James Dunn Foundation," September 7–October 6, 1963, no. 19 (lent by Mr. and Mrs. Henry J. Heinz II, New York).

London. Tate Gallery. "Dunn International: An Exhibition of Contemporary Painting Sponsored by the Sir James Dunn Foundation," November 15–December 22, 1963, no. 19 (lent by Mr. and Mrs. Henry J. Heinz II, New York).

Tokyo. Prince Hotel Gallery. "Salvador Dali Exhibition—Japan, 1964," September 8–October 18, 1964, no. 56 (lent by Mr. and Mrs. Henry J. Heinz II, U. S. A.).

Prefectural Museum of Art, Nagoya. "Salvador Dali Exhibition—Japan, 1964," October 23–30, 1964, no. 56.

Kyoto Municipal Museum of Art. "Salvador Dali Exhibition—Japan, 1964," November 3–29, 1964, no. 56.

New York. Gallery of Modern Art. "Salvador Dali 1910–1965," December 18, 1965–February 28, 1966, addendum, p. 4.

Rotterdam. Museum Boymans-van Beuningen. "Dalí," November 21, 1970–January 10, 1971, no. 86.

Staatliche Kunsthalle Baden-Baden. "Dalí: Gemälde, Zeichnungen, Objekte, Schmuck," January 29–April 18, 1971, no. 71.

Sydney. Art Gallery of New South Wales. "Modern Masters: Manet to Matisse," April 10–May 11, 1975, no. 24 (lent by Mr. and Mrs. Henry J. Heinz II, London).

Melbourne. National Gallery of Victoria. "Modern Masters: Manet to Matisse," May 28–June 22, 1975, no. 24.

New York. Museum of Modern Art. "Modern Masters: Manet to Matisse," August 4–September 1, 1975, no. 24.

London. Tate Gallery. "Salvador Dalí," May 14–June 29, 1980, no. 217 (as "The Sistine Madonna," lent by Mrs. H. J. Heinz).

Tokyo. Isetan Museum of Art. "Rétrospective Salvador Dalí," February 28–April 6, 1982, no. 21 (as "The Sistine Madonna," lent by a private collection).

Daimaru Art Museum, Osaka. "Rétrospective Salvador Dalí," April 22–May 5, 1982, no. 21.

Kitakyushu Municipal Museum of Art. "Rétrospective Salvador Dalí," May 8–June 6, 1982, no. 21.

Hiroshima Prefectural Museum of Art. "Rétrospective Salvador Dalí," June 11–July 11, 1982, no. 21.

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Selection One," February 1–April 30, 1985, no catalogue.

Charleroi. Palais des Beaux-Arts. "Picasso, Miró, Dalí: Évocations d'Espagne," September 24–December 22, 1985, no. 40 (as "La Madone sixtine," lent anonymously, courtesy of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York).

Mexico City. Museo Rufino Tamayo. "Dos Obras Maestras de Salvador Dali," March 12–April 20, 1986, unnum. brochure.

Staatsgalerie Stuttgart. "Salvador Dalí, 1904–1989," May 13–July 23, 1989, no. 264 (as "Die Sixtinische Madonna" oder "Madonnen-Ohr" ["La Madone sixtine" ou "L'oreille à la madone"], lent by The Museum of Modern Art, New York, H. J. Heinz Collection [sic]).

Philadelphia Museum of Art. "Dalí: The Centenary Retrospective," February 16–May 15, 2005, no. 233 (as "The Sistine Madonna").

St. Petersburg, Fla. Salvador Dalí Museum. "Pollock to Pop: America's Brush with Dalí," December 9, 2005–April 23, 2006, unnumbered cat. (p. 52).

Madrid. Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía. "Los Cinéticos," March 27–August 20, 2007, unnumbered cat. (p. 83).

Atlanta. High Museum of Art. "Salvador Dali: The Late Work," August 7, 2010–January 2, 2011, no. 27.

Howard Devree. "Art in Review: Pioneer Work by Hartley and Maurer—Recent Paintings by Dalí." New York Times (January 4, 1959), p. X22.

John Richardson. Dunn International: An Exhibition of Contemporary Painting Sponsored by the Sir James Dunn Foundation. Exh. cat., Beaverbrook Art Gallery. [Fredericton, New Brunswick], 1963, unpaginated, no. 19, provides the artist's explanation: "Quasi-grey picture which, closely seen, is an abstract one; seen from two meters is the Sistine Madonna of Raphael; and from fifteen meters is the ear of an angel measuring one meter and a half: which is painted with anti-matter; therefore with pure energy".

Susana Leval in Modern Masters: Manet to Matisse. Ed. William S. Lieberman. Exh. cat., Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney. New York, 1975, pp. 202, 263, no. 24, ill. p. 203.

Daniel Abadie, ed. Salvador Dalí rétrospective 1920–1980. Exh. cat., Centre Georges Pompidou, Musée national d'art moderne. Paris, 1979, pl. 326.

Selma Holo in Rétrospective Salvador Dalí. Exh. cat., Isetan Museum of Art. [Tokyo], 1982, unpaginated, ill. (color).

Albert Field in Rétrospective Salvador Dalí. Exh. cat., Isetan Museum of Art. [Tokyo], 1982, unpaginated, no. 21.

Dawn Ades. Dalí and Surrealism. New York, 1982, p. 184.

William S. Lieberman. Dali. Exh. brochure, Museo Rufino Tamayo. Mexico City, [1986], unpaginated, ill. (color).

Lisa M. Messinger in "Twentieth Century Art." Recent Acquisitions: A Selection, 1987–1988. New York, 1988, p. 62, ill. (color).

Paul Moorhouse. Dalí. London, 1990, p. 105.

Robert Descharnes and Gilles Néret. Salvador Dalí, 1904–1989: The Paintings. Vol. 2, 1946–1989. Cologne, 1994, p. 768, no. 1127, ill. pp. 502 (color detail), 503 (color), call it "The Sistine Madonna".

Michael R. Taylor in Dawn Ades. Dalí: The Centenary Retrospective. Exh. cat., Palazzo Grassi, Venice. London, 2004, pp. 386–89, no. 233, ill. (color).

Dawn Ades. Dalí: The Centenary Retrospective. Exh. cat., Palazzo Grassi, Venice. London, 2004, p. 21.

Michael R. Taylor. "The Dalí Renaissance." The Dalí Renaissance: New Perspectives on His Life and Art after 1940. An International Symposium. Ed. Michael R. Taylor. Philadelphia, 2008, pp. 15–19, 21, 27, 34 nn. 49, 51, figs. 2 (installation photo, Exh. Philadelphia 2005), 11, calls it "Sistine Madonna".

Gavin Parkinson. "How Dalí Learned to Stop Worrying about Surrealism and Love the Bomb." The Dalí Renaissance: New Perspectives on His Life and Art after 1940. An International Symposium. Ed. Michael R. Taylor. Philadelphia, 2008, pp. 83, 89 nn. 57, 59.

William Jeffett. "The Artist and the Dictator: Salvador Dalí and Francisco Franco." The Dalí Renaissance: New Perspectives on His Life and Art after 1940. An International Symposium. Ed. Michael R. Taylor. Philadelphia, 2008, pp. 140–41.



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