Inscription: Signed (verso, top): MARK ROTHKO; signed and dated (verso, bottom): MARK ROTHKO/ 1954
the artist, New York (1954–d. 1970; his estate, consigned to Marlborough Gallery, New York, 1970–77; returned to the artist's estate, 1977–79; transferred in 1979 to the Mark Rothko Foundation); Mark Rothko Foundation, Inc., New York (1979–85; gift to MMA)
Donald M. Blinken et al. Eliminating the Obstacles Between the Painter and the Observer, The Mark Rothko Foundation: 1976–1986. [New York], , p. 55.
Diane Waldman. Mark Rothko in New York. New York, 1994, p. 25, no. 33, ill. (color), cites this work as an example of the artist's mastery of color and form.
David Anfam. Mark Rothko: The Works on Canvas. Catalogue Raisonné. New Haven, 1998, p. 338, no. 446, ill. (color).