Art/ Collection/ Collection/ Art Object
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Lucien Gilbert

Artist:
André Derain (French, Chatou 1880–1954 Garches)
Date:
ca. 1905
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
32 x 23 3/4 in. (81.3 x 60.3 cm)
Classification:
Paintings
Credit Line:
Gift of Joyce Blaffer von Bothmer, in memory of Mr. and Mrs. Robert Lee Blaffer, 1975
Accession Number:
1975.169
Rights and Reproduction:
© 2016 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 830
This picture is one of several dynamic, boldly-colored portraits that Derain created around 1905. In addition to depicting Gilbert, a childhood friend of the artist and later a collector of his work, Derain also painted portraits of his fellow artists, Matisse (Tate, London), and Vlaminck (Musée des Beaux-Arts de Chartres).
Mr. and Mrs. R. Sturgis Ingersoll, Philadelphia (by 1929–46; consigned in January 1946, as "Portrait of a Man," to M. Knoedler & Co., New York; consignment no. CA2601; sold on December 21, 1946, for $2,000, to Knoedler); [M. Knoedler & Co., New York, 1946–49; stock no. A3601; sold in May 1949, for $4,000, to Blaffer]; Sarah Campbell Blaffer, Houston (from 1949); her daughter, Joyce Blaffer von Bothmer, New York (until 1975; her gift to MMA)

Paris. Galerie Bing & Cie. "Les Fauves 1904 à 1908," April 15–30, 1927, unnumbered cat. (as "Homme assis") [possibly this picture?].

Philadelphia. Pennsylvania Museum of Art. "Loan Exhibition of Contemporary Painting and Sculpture from the Collections of Miss Anna Warren Ingersoll and Mr. & Mrs. R. Sturgis Ingersoll," November 4–December 6, 1933, no. 12 (as "Portrait of a Man").

New York. Marie Harriman Gallery. "Les Fauves," October 20–November 22, 1941, no. 21 (as "Portrait d'homme," lent by Mr. R. Sturgis Ingersoll).

Southampton, N. Y. Parrish Museum. "Exhibition of Paintings of France," July 5–25, 1946, no. 19 (as "Portrait of a Man," for sale at $5,000).

Providence. Museum of Art, Rhode Island School of Design. "Isms in Art Since 1800," February 3–March 9, 1949, not in catalogue.

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Selection One," February 1–April 28, 1985, no catalogue.

Canberra. Australian National Gallery. "20th Century Masters from The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York," March 1–April 27, 1986, unnumbered cat. (p. 10; as "Lucien Gilbert").

Brisbane. Queensland Art Gallery. "20th Century Masters from The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York," May 7–July 1, 1986, unnumbered cat.

Yokohama Museum of Art. "Treasures from The Metropolitan Museum of Art: French Art from the Middle Ages to the Twentieth Century," March 25–June 4, 1989, no. 158.

Musée d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris. "André Derain: Le peintre du 'trouble moderne'," November 18, 1994–March 19, 1995, no. 37.

Madrid. Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza. "A. Derain (1880–1954): El pintor del 'malestar moderno'," April 4–July 23, 1995, no. 7.

Barcelona. Museu Picasso. "André Derain, 1904–1912," March 18–June 29, 1997, no. 6.

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Painters in Paris: 1895–1950," March 8–December 31, 2000, extended to January 14, 2001, unnumbered cat. (p. 12; as "Lucien Gilbert," 1906).

Kyoto Municipal Museum of Art. "Picasso and the School of Paris: Paintings from The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York," September 14–November 24, 2002, no. 10.

Tokyo. Bunkamura Museum of Art. "Picasso and the School of Paris: Paintings from The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York," December 7, 2002–March 9, 2003, no. 10.

Ferrara. Palazzo dei Diamanti. "André Derain," September 24, 2006–January 7, 2007, no. 13.

Copenhagen. Statens Museum for Kunst. "André Derain: An Outsider in French Art," February 10–May 13, 2007, no. 12.

Marya Mannes. "André Derain—Thoughtful Painter." International Studio 94 (November 1929), pp. 25–27, ill., as "Portrait of a Man" in the R. S. Ingersoll collection.

"The Ingersoll Collection: November 4–December 6." Bulletin of the Pennsylvania Museum 29 (December 1933), ill. p. 18.

Bernard Dorival. "Un album de Derain au Musée national d'Art moderne." La Revue du Louvre 19, nos. 4–5 (1969), p. 262, reproduces a drawing for this painting contained in a sketchbook used by Derain until autumn 1905.

"Principales acquisitions des musées en 1975." La Chronique des Arts no. 1286 (March 1976), fig. 214, as "Portrait d'homme".

Gaston Diehl. Derain. New York, 1977, p. 36 [possibly this picture].

John Russell. "New York's Next Modern Museum Is on the Way." New York Times (February 17, 1985), p. H33, ill., identifies the sitter as Lucien Gilbert.

Ross Woodrow in 20th Century Masters from The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York. Exh. cat., Australian National Gallery. Canberra, 1986, pp. 9–10, ill. (color), notes that Gilbert was an architect and friend of Derain's from his hometown, Chatou; comments that this picture prefigures Derain's more radical works from the summer of 1905.

Lisa M. Messinger in Treasures from The Metropolitan Museum of Art: French Art from the Middle Ages to the Twentieth Century. Exh. cat., Yokohama Museum of Art. [Tokyo], 1989, p. 196, ill. (color).

Niamh O'Laoghaire. "The Influence of Van Gogh on Matisse, Derain and Vlaminck, 1898–1908." PhD diss., University of Toronto, 1992, pp. 356–57, pl. 206, compares it to van Gogh's portrait of Dr. Gachet (1890; Musée d'Orsay, Paris), which Derain saw in van Gogh's retrospective at the Salon des Indépendants, 1905.

Miriam Simon in André Derain: Le peintre du "trouble moderne". Exh. cat., Musée d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris. Paris, 1994, pp. 130–31, 469, no. 37, ill. (color), dates it near the end of 1905 based on the study [see Ref. Dorival 1969]; notes that Gilbert was the first collector of works by Derain and Vlaminck.

Kadee Robbins in Masterworks from the Louise Reinhardt Smith Collection. Exh. cat., Museum of Modern Art, New York. New York, 1995, p. 22, mentions it in relation to another Derain portrait of Gilbert, tentatively dated before the summer of 1905.

Jacqueline Munck in André Derain, 1904–1912. Exh. cat., Museu Picasso. Barcelona, 1997, pp. 17–18, 113, no. 6, ill. p. 47 (color).

Michel Kellermann. André Derain: Catalogue Raisonné de l'œuvre peint. Vol. 3, 1935–1954. Paris, 1999, p. 216, no. 2254, ill., calls it "Portrait de Lucien Gilbert" and dates it about 1905.

Jacqueline Munck in Derain et Vlaminck, 1900–1915. Exh. cat., Musée de Lodève. Milan, 2001, p. 34.

Isabelle Monod-Fontaine in André Derain: An Outsider in French Art. Exh. cat., Statens Museum for Kunst. [Copenhagen], 2007, p. 81, no. 12, ill. p. 72 (color).



The sitter was an architect, amateur painter, and friend of Derain's from his hometown, Chatou. There is an ink study for this picture in a sketchbook used by Derain about 1904–6 (Musée National d'Art Moderne, Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris). Another Derain painting of Gilbert was formerly in the Museum of Modern Art, New York (Kellermann 1992, no. 372).
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